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Like much of agriculture, Alabama’s aquacultural production sector has been under stress for several years. Alabama producers and intermediaries in the system face competition from others in the ﬁsh and seafood industry, both domestically and internationally, as well as from producers and handlers of other protein sources. Prices for farm level products have generally been depressed and input costs have been on the rise. Thus, proﬁt margins have become thin to nonexistent. Resource owners are interested in identifying and evaluating viable alternative uses for their productive assets. To cope in this environment and be proﬁtable, Alabama aquacultural producers must organize and operate to maximize efﬁciency and be innovative in decisions and actions. Existing ﬁsh production technologies and approaches, primarily pond culture, may not compete effectively. Increasing yield per unit of water, lowering cost per unit of product, and/or enhancing market access could improve the plight of producers. This study aims to identify and assess the technical and economic feasibility of an alternative production system that integrates hydroponic tomato production with production of channel catﬁsh or tilapia using recirculating water through a closed, controlled environment using separate greenhouses to produce tomatoes and ﬁsh throughout the year.
Hydroponics – Sustainable ... WHY HYDROPONICS: DO YOU KNOW. WHERE ... 1,400,000. 1,600,000. 1,800,000. 2,000,000. 1991. 2001. Cucumber. Tomato. Hydroponics – Sustainable st Century Agriculture for the 21 Richard Tyson University of Florida / Orange County Extension WHY HYDROPONICS: DO YOU KNOW WHERE YOUR FOOD COMES FROM ? LOCAL FOODS Food security Economic security Food safety Socially responsible Environmentally responsible The local foods movement - Lovavores Sourcing locally grown food is now just as important as sourcing organically grown foods – FreshPointe Regional Sales Manager, Orlando Homegrown Coop - Local Food Cooperative Local Harvest website http://www.localharvest.org/ Hydroponics : Definition • Growing plants without soil in a liquid or soilless media with a mineral nutrient solution
Hydroponics – Sustainable. Agriculture for the ... Variety of Hydroponic Systems Based on. Nutrient ... field grown vs $1.00 / lb for hydroponic tomatoes. Target ... Hydroponics – Sustainable st Century Agriculture for the 21 Richard Tyson University of Florida / Orange County Extension WHERE DOES YOUR FOOD COME FROM ? LOCAL FOODS Food security Economic security Food safety Socially responsible Environmentally responsible Hydroponics : Definition Growing plants without soil in a liquid or soilless media with a mineral nutrient solution Hydroponics Greenhouse or outdoor systems Environmental and labor friendly Crop choices ‐ environment and cost factors pH recommendation range from 5.5‐6.5 High tech and low tech systems
Heart Healthy Diet: Low Fat, Low Cholesterol, Low Sodium Diet Purpose of the diet Control and / or decrease levels of cholesterol in your blood. Control and / or decrease blood pressure and / or fluid retention. Cholesterol This fat-like substance is necessary for good health. However, high levels in the blood can cause heart and blood vessel diseases. Our bodies make cholesterol. We also get it from eating foods from animals (meats, milk, eggs, cheese, butter). Foods from plants (fruits, vegetables, grains) do not contain cholesterol. Saturated fats These fats are generally solid at room temperature. They tend to increase blood cholesterol levels. Trans fatty acids These are fats that can raise cholesterol levels like saturated fat does. Trans fats are usually listed as partially hydrogenated oils. Polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats These fats are generally liquid at room temperature. Some can lower blood cholesterol levels. More on next page Learn more about your health care. © Copyright 2000 - March 22, 2012. The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center - Upon request all patient education handouts are available in other formats for people with special hearing, vision and language needs, call (614) 293-3191. Page 2 How can I lower my blood cholesterol level? Decrease total fat intake, especially saturated and trans fats. Saturated fats are mainly in animal foods. Trans fats come mostly from partially hydrogenated plant oils. Foods that may contain trans fats include store bought baked goods, non-dairy whipped toppings, cream substitutes, some crackers and cookies, and many deep fried foods. To check for trans fats in a food, look for any oil that is “partially hydrogenated” in the ingredients on food labels. If a food has less than half a gram of trans fat per serving, the food manufacturer can list “zero grams of trans fat” on the food label, so it is best to check the ingredients for partially hydrogenated oils. Limit high cholesterol foods. Egg yolks, fatty meats, organ meats, butter, whole milk and other high fat dairy products are high cholesterol foods. Substitute monounsaturated fat or polyunsaturated fat for saturated fat in your diet. Monounsaturated fats include olive oil, peanut oil and canola oil. Safflower, corn and sunflower oils, and most margarines and salad dressings are examples of polyunsaturated fats. Also, fish has a higher content of polyunsaturated fat than red meat. A special note on fish: Many fish are low fat. Some fish that have a higher fat content such as salmon are high in a kind of fat called omega 3 fatty acids. This type of fat has been shown to be very heart healthy. It is recommended to eat fish three times a week for this reason. One caution: consider how you prepare it so that you don’t add large amounts of undesired fats. Baking, broiling, grilling or poaching fish is best. What is sodium? Sodium is a mineral that is necessary for good health and is present in all foods. Most people eat more sodium than they need. If the body cannot get rid of the extra sodium, fluid builds up. Extra fluid increases the work of the heart and kidneys, and may increase blood pressure. Eating less sodium may help control these problems. You will sometimes see the term sodium abbreviated "Na", as in NaCl (Sodium Chloride), which is table salt. The recommended sodium intake per day for most people is no more than 2300 milligrams (mg). For anyone who has high blood pressure, is over 50, or is African American, the sodium intake is 1,500 mg. Page 3 Sodium Guidelines To choose foods that are healthier for you, look for these labels: Sodium-free – less than 5 milligrams of sodium per serving Very low-sodium – 35 milligrams or less per serving Low-sodium – 140 milligrams or less per serving Reduced sodium – usual sodium level is reduced by 25 percent Unsalted, no salt added or without added salt – made without the salt, but still has the sodium that's a natural part of the food Know Your Salt When you are on a No Salt Added diet, even a small amount of salt has a lot of sodium in it. Amount of Sodium in Salt ¼ teaspoon salt 600 milligrams of sodium ½ teaspoon salt 1,200 milligrams of sodium ¾ teaspoon salt 1,800 milligrams of sodium 1 teaspoon salt 2,300 milligrams of sodium 1 teaspoon baking soda 1,000 milligrams of sodium How can I limit sodium?
Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only. Healthy Eating Plan 1800 Calorie Plan There are many different types of eating plans available; however, the key to success is finding one that works for you. One key ingredient for a meal plan to work is consistency. Many of us fail to keep consistency in our lives or we stay consistent with bad habits. Two examples that come to mind include skipping meals and breakfast. Failure to break-the-fast every day and skipping meals improves the chance that you will fail to reach your goals. Eating breakfast and consuming small meals (4 to 6 per day) prevents binge eating, nighttime snacking, and weight gain. It also keeps your metabolic rate at an optimal pace. The body requires fuel to keep your metabolism burning. Think of metabolism as a campfire. To keep a fire burning strong, it must be fed small doses of wood (i.e., fuel). Dropping a large log onto the fire will keep the fire burning, but not as effectively as if it was fed small portions of wood. With the fire still in mind, you have to look at its preferred fuel choice. Adding paper or “empty calories”, the fire will burn through it very quickly. As a result, the fire becomes starved and must be fed very often. Now if you added a mixture of paper and wood, the fire will have enough fuel to burn for a longer period of time. The wood will satisfy the fire’s appetite more than the paper. Wood is to fire as protein is to humans. Your diet should always include a source of protein at each meal and snack. Serving Sizes Serving sizes are not designed to tell you how much you should eat at each meal, but rather, to give you a pattern with which to compare your intake with your goals. Based your specific goals, try to consume the appropriate amount of food based on the following serving sizes. Breads, Cereal, Rice, and Pasta Group One serving = 80 calories or one of the following: 1 slice bread, 2 slices “extra thin” or “diet” bread, ½ English muffin, ½ frankfurter or hamburger bun, 1 small dinner roll, ½ cup starchy vegetables, ½ cup mashed or 1 small baked potato, ½ cup cooked cereal, pasta, rice, 1 tortilla 6” across, 1 ounce cold cereal, 4-6 crackers, 3 cups air popped popcorn, 2 rice cakes or 5 mini cakes. Fruits One serving = 60-80 calories or one of the following: 1 medium portion of fresh fruit: orange, apple, banana, 2 Tbsp raisins, ¼ cup dehydrated fruit; ½ cup cooked or canned fruit, ½ cup fruit juice ...
Helpful Guidelines for Successful Weight Loss Weight loss should occur when you eat fewer calories than you burn. Increasing physical activity while limiting your calories will increase your rate of weight loss. Increasing physical activity will also help you to maintain your weight after weight loss. Discuss appropriate calorie levels and serving sizes with your dietitian. 1. Keep a written food and physical activity journal. 2. Weigh yourself once per week at the same time of day, with the same amount of clothing, and on the same scale. 3. Eat breakfast everyday and do not skip meals. Skipping meals can lead to extreme hunger, overeating and poor food choices. 4. Plan your meals and eat around the same time every day. 5. Pick an eating area at home and/or work. 6. Turn off the TV and/or computer during meals and snacks. 7. Eat slowly. Take 30 minutes for a meal. It takes 20 minutes before you feel full, so wait 20 minutes after your first serving before taking a second serving. 8. Eat protein foods first to help you feel full sooner. 9. Read food labels to help control portions of food. 10. Eat less fat and sugar. Eat more fiber, including fresh fruits/vegetables and whole grains. 11. Limit restaurant and fast food meals. 12. Don’t keep problem foods around the house and/or at work. A problem food is a food that you are likely to eat too much of or too often if readily available. 13. Drink at least 8 cups (64 ounces) of liquids per day. Focus on calorie-free, caffeine-free beverages. 14. Get adequate sleep each night (7-9 hours). Clinical Dietitians, Food & Nutrition Services, UC Davis Medical Center (3/06) © 2006 The Regents of the University of California. All Rights Reserved. Food Preparation Use lowfat cooking methods such as baking, grilling, boiling, poaching, broiling, roasting, steaming or microwaving without additional fat. Avoid or limit frying. Place meat on a rack so the fat will drain off during cooking. Remove skin from poultry before cooking. Trim all visible fat from food (i.e. poultry and meat) before cooking. Use non-stick cookware or cooking sprays. Use egg whites or egg substitute in place of whole eggs. Season food with spices, butter flavoring (such as Butter Buds®), lemon or low-fat dressings. Limit high-fat sauces or gravies such as sour cream, regular salad dressings, full-fat gravy, and cream or cheese sauces (such as Hollandaise or Alfredo sauce). Use a sugar substitute in place of sugar. Replace sugar in recipes with a sugar substitute that can be used in baking or cooking.
Weight Loss Systems Woman’s 1000-1200 Calorie Diet Plan 3 Meal Replacements (MR); 3 Protein Supplements (PS); 1 Protein Bar (PB); 1 Healthy Meal (HM) Breakfast 1 Weight Loss Systems Pudding/Shake or Smoothie (MR) 1 Weight Loss Systems Hot Cakes or Cereal or Oatmeal (PS) 1 Optional or 1 Dairy Morning Snack 1 Weight Loss Systems Pudding/Shake or Smoothie (MR) 1 Fruit Lunch 1 Weight Loss Systems Lite Entrée or Soup (PS) 1 Weight Loss Systems Protein Bar (PB) Afternoon Snack 1 Weight Loss Systems Pudding/Shake or Smoothie (MR) Dinner 1 Protein (4oz Very Lean or 3oz Lean) (HM) 2 Vegetables, 1 Starch and 1 Optional (HM) Evening Snack 1 Weight Loss Systems Double Chocolate Cake or Cheesecake or Pudding or Hot Drink or Fruit Drink (PS) Approximate Daily Totals Calories 1000-1200 Protein 120g-140g Carbohydrates 110g-140g Fat 15-30g 1 Multivitamin and at least 8 cups of water or non-caloric beverages daily. Instructions: 1. You may use spices, seasonings, vinegar, lemon juice, mustard, horseradish, sugar free gelatin, and listed beverages as desired. 2. Take 1 multivitamin and drink at least 8 cups of water or non-caloric beverage daily. 3. Foods may be rearranged within one day to meet your schedule or personal preferences. 4. Use the Food Selection List & Shopping Guide to plan your Healthy Meal, Fruit selection, and to create a shopping list. 5. Prepare food in the Healthy Meal by Baking, Boiling, Broiling, Grilling, Roasting or Steaming. NO Frying. 6. Consume ALL Meal Replacements and Supplements as directed for optimum nutritional intake, support of lean muscle and to curb hunger. 7. Eat meals at regular intervals. *** Consult with your doctor before starting any diet, exercise, or supplementation program. *** Nashua Nutrition • 522 Amherst Street • Nashua, NH 03063 • 1-800-649-1374 • www.NashuaNutrition.com Weight Loss Systems Woman’s 1000-1200 Calorie Diet Plan Meal Replacements Flavors Pudding/Shakes Chocolate Cream, Vanilla Cream, Strawberry Cream, ChocoMint Cream, Mocha Cream Smoothies Berry Yogurt, Strawberry Yogurt Fruit Drinks Berry Blast Soups Tomato Protein Supplements Flavors Oatmeal Apple ‘n Cinnamon Cereal Cinnamon Crunch, Berries 'n Chocolate Crunch Fruit Drinks Berry Blend, Cran-Grape, Kiwi & Berry, Tangy Orange, Tangy Lemon Hot Drinks Hot Chocolate, Cappuccino Soups Chicken with Noodles, Chicken & Vegetable Cream Lite Entrees Vegetable Cheese Omelet, Vegetarian Sloppy Joe, Zesty Chili, Spicy Cheese ‘n Pasta, Cheese Steak Macaroni Puddings Dark Chocolate, Lemon, Chocolate Chip with Marshmallows, Toffee Creme, Caramel, Butterscotch, Banana Desserts Double Chocolate Cake, Cheesecake Protein Bars Flavors Crispy Bars Crispy Cinnamon, Crispy Peanut, Crispy Fudge & Graham, Crispy Berry Yogurt, Crispy Coffee Chocolate Nutrition Bars Caramel Brownie Nut, Caramel Butter Pecan, Cookie Dough, ChocoMint, Chocolate Coconut, Creamy Cookie, Chocolate, Tangy Lemon Crisp, Cinnamon Oatmeal Raisin, Chocolate Peanut Butter, Peanut Butter Crisp, Butter Toffee, Sampler Pack Nashua Nutrition • 522 Amherst Street • Nashua, NH 03063 • 1-800-649-1374 • www.NashuaNutrition.com
The bariatric meal plan consists of three well balanced meals daily with at least one snack Strive to build a meal plan that includes all of the food groups. FRUIT … PROTEIN Low-fat DAIRY Whole grain STARCH VEGETABLES This meal plan is designed to provide the nutrients needed and help keep you full and satisfied throughout the day while keeping your calorie intake no higher than 1500 calories daily Meal Planning is essential to ensure you will lose weight and maintain your weight loss. PLAN FOR MEALS – Food shop weekly. Think Plan: Create Menu Prepare Meals about want you will eat during the week , buying the foods from all food groups to build your menu. Each food group contributes different nutrients that are needed for good health. PREPARE FOR MEALS- Think ahead each week to what meals you will be preparing for lunch and dinner and do some preparation ahead of time. Follow Eating Schedule FOLLOW ROUTINE – Eat meals close to the same time everyday. When you follow an eating schedule you are less likely to eat the food you should avoid. You will burn more calories and your metabolism will work more efficiently. Develop a mindset that seeks to establish healthy eating behaviors as a life style approach as opposed to the quick fix approach of many short term diets from the past. IMPORTANT TIPS to remember forever: o o o o o o o o o o o Eat Protein first Eat one hour after waking up Eat every 4-5 hours Chew foods well and eat slowly(at least 30 minutes) Keep meals small Don’t drink with meals DO NOT DRINK CARBONATION (SODA) Do not smoke Stop eating when full or have met meal size Sip fluids slowly Continue with your vitamin regimen everyday Multivitamin with Folic Acid Vitamin B 12 Iron Calcuim o Make an appointment once a year for your Annual check up for the rest of your life DO NOT DRINK YOUR CALORIES. Liquids will pass through the reduced stomach pouch quickly and you will not feel full. This is a great way to gain all your weight back!! AVOID o High calorie drinks o Beverages made with sugar o Alcohol o Milkshakes o Special coffee drinks o Soda o Juice – only 4 ounces daily TO PORTION SIZES – keep portion sizes small See handout on food groups If you routinely eat too much, the small stomach pouch may stretch! To ensure long range success at losing and maintaining your weight loss follow the recommended servings as a guide. Keeping in mind that you will stop eating when your hunger is gone or when you feel comfortable. Continue to eat small pieces of food and chew your food thoroughly and eat slowly. You will increase your chance of success if you follow an eating routine of planning meals at the same time frame daily. Keep yourself in check once in a while by writing a food journal. Continue to use a scale and measuring cups consistently to keep yourself in check. HIGH FAT FOODS • • • • • • • • • • • Fast food Dining out often Fried foods Creams & Gravies Foods made with cream or gravy High fat dairy (cheese, ice cream) Junk food (chips ect..) Donuts, cakes, cookies, pastries, chocolate High fat meats like bacon and sausage High fat casseroles High fat convenient foods (frozen pizza, boxed meals) Do not fill up on empty calorie foods that are high in calories and low in nutritional value. Avoid the so called “Junk” foods that are high in fat and sugar. CONSUMING HIGH FAT FOOD ON A REGULAR BASIS WILL HELP YOU RE-GAIN YOUR WEIGHT. The food you eat should be as healthy as possible. Your small stomach pouch can only hold about a 1 cup – 1 ¼ cup of food. Therefore your goal is to attain the highest quality nutrient intake with a minimal volume of food. Your meal plan needs to be high in protein, vitamins and other important nutrients to be successful at attaining a healthy lifestyle. To increase satiety, try to plan meals and snacks by combining carbohydrate foods with protein, fiber and a small amount of fat. A well planned meal should satisfy feelings of hunger for three to four hours and provide the energy you need as you progress through the day. Sources of carbohydrates and fiber include whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Protein sources are lean meats, meat substitutes and low fat dairy.
Fit and Fat? Yes, you can be fit and overweight within reason. The trick is to control your weight so you can be physically active. There are plenty of people who get regular physical activity, yet they are overweight. A recent study showed people who are fit and carrying extra pounds may not be at increased risk of developing or dying from heart disease or cancer when compared to people of healthy weight.1 Likewise, thin people are not necessarily healthy if they carry excess belly fat. What matters more than weight is the amount and type of body fat. Studies show that fat around the midsection or belly fat may be more harmful than fat elsewhere on the body.2 Why? Belly or visceral fat embedded into muscles and around vital organs can have a metabolic impact compared to subcutaneous fat, which is the type of fat that simply sits beneath the skin like on your hips. Abdominal fat is also a predictor of risk for obesity-related diseases such as Type 2 diabetes, elevated cholesterol, high blood pressure and heart disease. Generally ladies should strive for a waist circumference below 35 inches and men, 40 inches according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Eat Whatever You Want As Long You Exercise It might sound logical that if you work out, you can eat whatever you want, but this is usually not the most effective way to lose weight. Believe it or not, it is easier not to eat the chocolate cake than it is to burn it off. One slice of decadent chocolate cake could contain as many as 500 calories and require up to five miles of jogging to burn it off. Losing weight occurs when you create a calorie deficit either by eating fewer calories, burning calories through exercise or a combination of both. Diet plans that include cutting calories and regular physical activity tend to be the most successful and sustainable. Further, the quality of the food you consume and regular physical activity are important to overall health, regardless of weight. So the next time you want to indulge in a calorie-rich food or beverage, enjoy a smaller portion and account for it in your daily calorie budget. Health Only Improves When You Lose Lots of Weight Seeking to reach your healthy weight is an excellent goal in support of good health. However, you may benefit from losing as little as 5-10 percent of your body weight. Studies show that even small amounts of weight loss may improve blood cholesterol levels, blood sugar levels, blood pressure and lower risk for heart disease. Celebrate small victories on your journey toward a healthier weight. The payoff – people who lose weight slowly are more likely to keep it off. Skipping Breakfast Slashes Calories Studies show that breakfast eaters have healthier weights compared to breakfast skippers. Skipping breakfast or any meal usually results in overeating later in the day. Enjoying a nutritious meal in the morning sets the stage for the day. A breakfast that contains protein and fiber may keep blood sugar levels stable and hunger at bay until lunchtime. Your blood sugar and energy levels are low when you wake up in the morning. To get your body moving and energized after a long night’s rest, you need fuel in the form of a healthy breakfast. Another benefit, people who eat breakfast tend to have healthier diets overall, ones that are higher in nutrients. Breakfast may help you keep the weight off. We have learned from successful losers, the National Weight Control Registry of those who have lost weight and kept it off, make eating breakfast a daily habit. Reconsider where you slash calories in your diet and keep in mind you may save calories if you start your day the healthy way with a nutritious and delicious breakfast.
NOTE: Makita 5012b electric saws don't have a metal guide plate between the bar and the the body of the saw (which is plastic). Thus it's important to keep the oiler holes in the bar clean of debris so that sufficient oil is lubricating the chain. Additionally, don't overtighten the chain as you'll increase the friction between bar and chain...and finally, do loosen the bar nut a bit prior to adjusting chain tension to keep from wearing the side of the saw prematurely. Note: Opinions vary on what type oil to use in the chain bar oiler. General consensus is to use a light weight oil. Some of the suggestions from the Carving Post are mineral oil, hydraulic oil, turbine oil, or a 10wt. winter oil. One of the more popular seems to be thinning regular bar oil with Kerosene. (1 cup kerosene to 1 gallon bar oil). Others suggest "Slick 50", "Power Punch", or a synthetic such as "AmsOil". Note: This saw does not have an anti-vibration system. For long term use, try wrapping a piece of pipe insulation (the foam type), on the upper handle and cover it with duct tape or some such). Note: This saw has a chain speed up to 3 times what many electrics run at. You need to wear all your safety gear with this (or any), saw. Don't get lulled into thinking "it's just an electric". And Remember, chaps don't have the same 'jamming' ability to stop the saw chain with an electric saw. Recommended electrical extension cord wire size: 25 ft./14 AWG 50 ft./12 AWG Here's how to swap out the factory sprocket for the 1/4 pitch carving sprocket on the 5012b ...