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Heart Healthy Diet: Low Fat, Low Cholesterol, Low Sodium Diet Purpose of the diet Control and / or decrease levels of cholesterol in your blood. Control and / or decrease blood pressure and / or fluid retention. Cholesterol This fat-like substance is necessary for good health. However, high levels in the blood can cause heart and blood vessel diseases. Our bodies make cholesterol. We also get it from eating foods from animals (meats, milk, eggs, cheese, butter). Foods from plants (fruits, vegetables, grains) do not contain cholesterol. Saturated fats These fats are generally solid at room temperature. They tend to increase blood cholesterol levels. Trans fatty acids These are fats that can raise cholesterol levels like saturated fat does. Trans fats are usually listed as partially hydrogenated oils. Polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats These fats are generally liquid at room temperature. Some can lower blood cholesterol levels. More on next page Learn more about your health care. © Copyright 2000 - March 22, 2012. The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center - Upon request all patient education handouts are available in other formats for people with special hearing, vision and language needs, call (614) 293-3191. Page 2 How can I lower my blood cholesterol level? Decrease total fat intake, especially saturated and trans fats. Saturated fats are mainly in animal foods. Trans fats come mostly from partially hydrogenated plant oils. Foods that may contain trans fats include store bought baked goods, non-dairy whipped toppings, cream substitutes, some crackers and cookies, and many deep fried foods. To check for trans fats in a food, look for any oil that is “partially hydrogenated” in the ingredients on food labels. If a food has less than half a gram of trans fat per serving, the food manufacturer can list “zero grams of trans fat” on the food label, so it is best to check the ingredients for partially hydrogenated oils. Limit high cholesterol foods. Egg yolks, fatty meats, organ meats, butter, whole milk and other high fat dairy products are high cholesterol foods. Substitute monounsaturated fat or polyunsaturated fat for saturated fat in your diet. Monounsaturated fats include olive oil, peanut oil and canola oil. Safflower, corn and sunflower oils, and most margarines and salad dressings are examples of polyunsaturated fats. Also, fish has a higher content of polyunsaturated fat than red meat. A special note on fish: Many fish are low fat. Some fish that have a higher fat content such as salmon are high in a kind of fat called omega 3 fatty acids. This type of fat has been shown to be very heart healthy. It is recommended to eat fish three times a week for this reason. One caution: consider how you prepare it so that you don’t add large amounts of undesired fats. Baking, broiling, grilling or poaching fish is best. What is sodium? Sodium is a mineral that is necessary for good health and is present in all foods. Most people eat more sodium than they need. If the body cannot get rid of the extra sodium, fluid builds up. Extra fluid increases the work of the heart and kidneys, and may increase blood pressure. Eating less sodium may help control these problems. You will sometimes see the term sodium abbreviated "Na", as in NaCl (Sodium Chloride), which is table salt. The recommended sodium intake per day for most people is no more than 2300 milligrams (mg). For anyone who has high blood pressure, is over 50, or is African American, the sodium intake is 1,500 mg. Page 3 Sodium Guidelines To choose foods that are healthier for you, look for these labels: Sodium-free – less than 5 milligrams of sodium per serving Very low-sodium – 35 milligrams or less per serving Low-sodium – 140 milligrams or less per serving Reduced sodium – usual sodium level is reduced by 25 percent Unsalted, no salt added or without added salt – made without the salt, but still has the sodium that's a natural part of the food Know Your Salt When you are on a No Salt Added diet, even a small amount of salt has a lot of sodium in it. Amount of Sodium in Salt ¼ teaspoon salt 600 milligrams of sodium ½ teaspoon salt 1,200 milligrams of sodium ¾ teaspoon salt 1,800 milligrams of sodium 1 teaspoon salt 2,300 milligrams of sodium 1 teaspoon baking soda 1,000 milligrams of sodium How can I limit sodium?
The Tennessee Trail of Tears story is one of removal camps and detachment routes. Cherokee driven from their homes in Georgia and North Carolina arrived in Tennessee, where they waited to be organized into “detachments” to take them to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), a home they never wanted. Even so, Tennessee’s legacy today remains rich in Cherokee culture. At the time the Treaty of New Echota was signed, southeast Tennessee was not only the location of the seat of the Cherokee government in Red Clay, but also the home of about 2,500 Cherokee. Prominent leaders Hair Principal Chief John Ross Conrad, James Brown, 1828-1866 Jesse Bushyhead, Lewis Ross, and Principal Chief John Ross all had homes in Tennessee. They lived in communities scattered across the hills and valleys and along the rivers and creeks. Most Cherokee farmed the fertile soils. Some owned prosperous plantations, stores, taverns, and ferries. Throughout the years, several mission schools, such as Brainerd, near Chattanooga, provided a place for Cherokee children to learn to read and write in English and to attend Christian church services. In many respects, Cherokee Tennessee Trail of Tears The “Sun Circle” at Ross’s Landing, Chattanooga Artwork by Harry Fenn The circular Cherokee design to the left symbolizes the holy sun in the form of sacred fire sent by the Creator. The central cross depicts the four logs that keep the sacred fire alive. It is said that the Cherokee will survive as long as the sacred fire burns. Ferry at Chattanooga In 1816, brothers John and Lewis Ross established the settlement of Ross’s Landing. It consisted of a ferry, warehouse, and ferry landing site We are now about to take our final leave and kind farewell to our native land the country that the Great Spirit gave our Fathers, we are on the eve of leaving that Country that gave us birth. It is the land of our fathers…our sons, and it is (with sorrow) that we are forced by the authority of the white man to quit the scenes of our childhood, but stern necessity says we must go, and we bid a final farewell to it and all we hold dear East of the Father of Waters, the Majestic Mississippi -Letter by George Hicks Dated November 4, 1838 to John Ross Traveling through Tennessee The detachment of the people are very loth [sic] to go on, and unusually slow in preparing for starting each morning. I am not surprised at this because they are moving not from choice to an unknown region not desired by them. Fort Cass 1838 historic map of the Fort Cass area Highlighted in blue are the removal camps that were spread across the valley. communities did not differ much from those of their American neighbors. In 1838, though, Cherokee life was about to change. Beginning in late May 1838, thousands of Cherokee, enslaved African Americans, and Creek were taken from their homes by troops and held at removal camps near one of three emigrating depots. Two of these camps were located in the vicinity of Cherokee communities in Tennessee: Ross’s Landing, now known as Chattanooga, and Fort Cass in presentday Charleston. During removal, Fort Cass served as the center for the largest emigrating depot. Removal camps in this area were spread out over a 12- by 4-mile area, extending from Charleston southward. Approximately 7,000 Cherokees were held at these camps prior to their departure to Indian Territory, but poor conditions at the camps led to rapid outbreaks of disease, and many perished before the journey began. How many more families would lose their loved ones before reaching their new homes? -Detachment Conductor Elijah Hicks, October 24, 1838 The Cherokee used many different routes to reach their new home in the West—most started in Tennessee. In June, three groups of Cherokee left Ross’s landing to begin their journey to Indian Territory. Dire conditions, disease, and deaths plagued the last two groups. As a result, Principal Chief John Ross and other Cherokee leaders petitioned the US government to allow the Cherokee to control the remainder of their removal. Permission was granted and the remaining Cherokee were organized into detachments of about 1,000 each.
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All in one rhythm™, the Official Slogan of the 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil™. Pelé is the youngest goalscorer in FIFA World Cup™ history and the only player to have won three FIFA World Cups™. Number 9, the shirt number of Ronaldo, the top goalscorer in FIFA World Cup™ istory with 15 goals. h 209 FIFA member associations 5 6 7 The most decorated female player in the world is Brazil’s Marta with five Women’s World Player of the Year awards. Together with Germany’s Birgit Prinz, she is also the top goalscorer in FIFA Women’s World Cup™ history with 14 goals. A Seleção, the nickname of the Brazil national team. FIFA’s first World Cup trophy was the Jules Rimet Trophy, which was permanently awarded to Brazil after the Seleção’s third title in 1970. The adidas Brazuca is the twelfth official FIFA World Cup™ since the Telstar was introduced for the 1970 edition. 202 teams in the 2014 preliminary competition match ball 8 Italy, the long-standing defending champions (winners in 1934 and 1938), t ravelled by boat rather than plane to the 1950 FIFA World Cup™, a journey of three weeks from Naples to Santos. 9 10 Fuleco™, the Official Mascot, a three-banded armadillo from the eastern part of Brazil. He will be 14 years old by the time of the 2014 FIFA World Cup™. Brazil are the most prolific team in World Cup history in terms of goals scored, with 210 so far. 32 FIFA World Cup™ participating teams 11 12 13 14 Brazil’s World Cup track record is impressive. They have five the most of any team: 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, 2002. titles, Brazil are the only team to have featured in all 19 World Cups played so far. Football for Hope has supported over 250 football-based social p rogrammes in more than 60 countries. Football for the Planet is the official environmental protection p rogramme of the FIFA World Cup™. 6 zones/confederations ONE FIFA World Cup™ champion (5 CAF, 4.5 AFC, 13 UEFA, 3.5 CONCACAF, 0.5 OFC, 4.5 +1 host CONMEBOL) The Asian Zone (AFC) was the first and to date only confederation with associations to co-host the FIFA World Cup™, Korea Republic and Japan in 2002. The African Zone (CAF) was the last c onfederation to host the FIFA World Cup™, South Africa in 2010. The North, Central American and Caribbean Zone (CONCACAF) was the first confederation to have an association host two FIFA World Cups™, Mexico in 1970 and 1986. The South American Zone (CONMEBOL) was the first confederation to host the FIFA World Cup™, Uruguay in 1930. In 1974, the Oceanian Zone (OFC) became the last of today’s confederations to appear at the FIFA World Cup™. The European Zone (UEFA) is at the top of the leaderboard in terms of FIFA World Cup™ victories, with ten titles. TM THE FIFA WORLD CUP RETURNS TO THE LAND OF FOOTBALL We’ve worked very carefully on all the organisational details so that we can host the best FIFA World Cup of all time. RONALDO, 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil™ ambassador
Hydraulic Fittings Hydraulic Line Tube Stainless Steel Tube Minimess Control Systems H.P. Ball Valves Lockable H.P. Ball Valves Flow Control Valves Check Valves Rotary Couplings Pipe Clamps Bowman Oil Coolers SAE Flanges Plastic Spiral Guard Hydraulic Hose Spir Star Ultra High Pressure Hose Thermoplastic Hose Teflon Smooth And Convoluted Hose Flexible Metallic Hose Hydraulic Hose Fittings Stainless Steel Hose Fittings Quick Couplers Adaptors Accessories Pumps Valves Motors Power Packs Cylinders HYDRAULIC PRODUCT PRICE LIST No24- Effective 1st August 2009 NEW NEW NEW NEW SOUTHERN AFRICA Catalog No. 24 Effective 1st August 2009 Hydraulics For Industry ! Mobile ! Industrial ! Automotive ! Military ! Marine ! Aviation THE COMPLETE PACKAGE JOHANNESBURG 39 Steel Road Spartan PO Box 301, Kempton Park 1620 Tel: 011 394 2966, Fax: 011 975 7213 E-mail: email@example.com Freefax: 0800 101012 DURBAN 9 Circuit Road, Westmead P.O. Box 15809, Westmead 3608 Tel: 031 700 3211 Fax: 031 700 3270 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org BOTSWANA Plot 9268 Mmadinare Road, Dumela Industrial, Francistown Tel: +267 2416 295 Fax: +267 2416 294 E-mail: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org PORT ELIZABETH 3-5 Rundle Street, Sidwell PO Box 1505, Port Elizabeth 6000 Tel: 041 453 1911 Fax: 041 453 1932 E-mail: email@example.com MIDDELBURG 13 Kilo Street, Unit 12, Middelburg Tel: 013 246 1881 Fax: 013 246 1076 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org CAPE TOWN Cnr President Kruger & Auckland Street, P.O. Box 202, Paarden Eiland 7420 Tel: 021 511 9670 Fax: 021 510 3478 E-mail: email@example.com Member of South African Fluid Power Association PLEASE NOTE: Any information contained in these pages, technical or otherwise, is supplied by the Company without obligation. Specifications, prices and discounts may be changed at any time at the Company’s discretion and without prior notice. Kindly remember that when you deal with our Company, you are to expect the best service and most courteous reception from our staff. If you have any complaints please phone our managing director, Allan Bartram, immediately. 1 SINCE 1982 AND SINCE 1963 Now a combined strategy in Southern Africa Since 1963 HANSA-FLEX have developed a worldwide network and today operate in 35 different countries globally through over 300 branches, and more than 250 mobile service vehicles. Market leaders in Germany and the preferred supplier to the after market in Europe and around the world Would you like to become a part of our global expansion strategy... Maintain your independence and strengthen your market position Benefit from our global buying power
https://www.africanbank.co.za/StaticAbilWeb/products.html When you open up a credit card account or take out a loan there are always certain rules and regulations that need to be followed. Some of them are standard while others vary from bank to bank. In essence you’ve taken out a contract with a bank and it is therefore important that you fully understand the agreement and adhere to it, because failure to comply will result in a bad credit rating.
Dogs and Cats Entering the State The Texas Animal Health Commission/State Veterinarian in Texas does not have any specific requirements for bringing pets into the state. However, there are certain requirements that must be met by the Centers for Disease Control and the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS). Please contact the appropriate agency should you have further questions. **Traveler Tip** — Most airlines will require a health certificate issued by a veterinarian within 7-10 days of travel. Check with your airline and local veterinarian for details. For DOGS entering the US from other countries, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) have additional requirements, including a rabies vaccination within 30 days prior to entry OR quarantine of puppies less than three months of age. The CDC/US Public Health Service Division of Quarantine may be contacted at (404) 639-8107 or 1-800-232-4636. • Centers for Disease Control (CDC) — CDC regulates the international importation of dogs, cats, bats, turtles, monkeys, civets, African rodents, and birds from certain countries. State of Texas rules for bringing dogs and cats into the state. While the TAHC does not regulate movement of pets, the Texas Department of State Health Services does require certain criteria be met: • Rabies vaccination must be in accordance with the Texas Administrative Code, Rabies Control and Eradication (Sections 169.29, 169.31, and 169.32). For more information call 512-776-7255 or visit the DSHS website.
Bandanas Sizes Sorted by Dog Breeds This chart is to be used as reference guide only, sizes may vary. Breed Affenpincher Afghan Airedale Akbash Akita Alaskan Malamute Am Staffordshire Terrier American Bulldog American Cocker American Eskimo Dog American Pit Bull American Water Spaniel Argentine Dogo Australian Cattle Australian Kelpie Australian Shepherd Australian Terrier Bandanas Size Small Large Large Xlarge - XXLarge XLarge XLarge Large Large Large Large Large Large Large Large Large - XLarge Large Medium Basenji Basset Hound Beagle Bearded Collie Beauceron Bedlington Terrier Belgian Sheepdog Belgian Tervuren Bichon Frise Black Russian Terrier Bloodhound Blue Picardy Spaniel Bolognese Border Collie Border Terrier Borzoi Boston Terrier Bouvier Boxer Briard Brittany Spaniel Brussels Griffon Bull Terrier Bulldog Bullmastiff Medium Large Medium Large Large - XLarge Medium Large - XLarge Large - XLarge Medium XLarge - XXLarge Large Large Medium Large Medium Large Medium Large - XLarge Large Large Medium Small - Medium Large Large XLarge - XXLarge Cairn Canaan Dog Canadian Eskimo Cane Corso Cardigan Welsh Corgi Catahoula Leopard Dog Caucasian Ovcharka Cavalier King Charles Cesky Terrier Chesapeake Bay Chihuahua Chinese Crested Chinese Shar-Pei Chow-Chow Clumber Spaniel Cock-A-Poo Medium Large XLarge Large - XLarge Medium Large XLarge - XXLarge Medium Medium Large Toy - Small Small - Medium Large XLarge Large Medium Breed Karelian Bear Dog Keeshond Kerry Blue King Charles Spaniel Kleiner Munsterlander Vorstehund Komondor Kuvasz Bandanas Size Large - XLarge Large - XLarge Large Medium Large XLarge XLarge Lab A Doodle Labrador Labrador Mix Lagotto Romagnolo Lakeland Large Mix Leonberger Lhasa Apso Lhasa Mix Lhasa Poo Long Coat Chihuahua Lowchen Large Large Large Large Large Large Large - XLarge Medium Large Medium - Large Small - Medium Medium Malamute Malinois Maltese Maltese Poodle Manchester Terrier Standard Manchester Terrier Toy Mastif Minature Australian Shepherd Minature Pinscher Minature Poodle Minature Schnauzer Large - XLarge Large Small - Medium Medium Large Toy - Medium Large - XLarge Large Small - Medium Medium Medium Neapolitan Mastiff Newfoundland Norfolk Terrier Norrbottenspets Norwegian Elkhound Norwich Terrier Nova Scotia Duck Toller Large - XXLarge XLarge - XXLarge Medium - Large Large Large - XLarge Medium - Large Large Old English Sheepdog Olde English Bulldogge Otterhound Large - XLarge Large Large Papillon Parson Russell Terrier PBGV Pekingnese Pembroke Welsh Corgi Perro de presa Canario Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen Pharaoh Hound Pointer Polish Lowland Sheepdog Pomeranian Poodle Miniature Portuguese Water Dog-Lion Pug Puli Medium Medium Medium Medium Medium - Large Large - XLarge Medium Large Large Large - XLarge Medium Medium Large Medium Large - XLarge Cocker Collie Coonhound Coton De Tulear Curly Coated Retriever Large Large - XLarge Medium Medium Large Dachshund Dalmatian Dandie Dinmond Doberman Dogue De Bordeaux Dutch Sheepdog Small Large Medium Large Large - XLarge Large - XLarge English Cocker English Setter English Shepherd English Springer English Toy Spaniel Entlebucher Mountain Dog Eurasier Large Large Large - XLarge Large Medium Large - XLarge Large - XLarge Field Spaniel Finnish Spitz Flat-Coated Retreiver Fox Terrier Smooth Foxhound -American Foxhound -English French Bulldog French Spaniel Large Large Large Medium Medium Medium Medium Large German Pinscher German Shepherd German Shorthaired Pointer German Wire-Haired Pointer Giant Schnauzer Golden Retreiver Goldiepoo Gordon Setter Great Dane Great Pyrenees Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Greyhound Griffon (Wire-haired pointer) Medium Large - XLarge Large Large Large - XLarge Large - XLarge Large Large Large - XXLarge Large - XLarge Large - XLarge Medium - Large Medium Harrier Havanese Hovawart Husky Husky Cross Large Medium Large - XLarge Large Large Ibizan Hound Iceland Dog Irish Setter Irish Terrier Irish Warter Spaniel Irish Wolfhound Italian Greyhound Medium - Large Medium - Large Large Large Large XLarge - XXLarge Medium - Large Jack Russel Japanese Spaniel Small - Medium Medium Rhodesian Ridgeback Rottweiler Large Large - XLarge Irish Red & White Setter Large Saluki Samoyed Sarplaninac Schapendoes Schipperke Scottish Deerhound Scottish Terrier SCWT Sealyham Shar Pei Shelie Shepherd Dog Shiba Inu Shih Tsu Shikoku Shiloh Shepherd Siberian Huski Silky Terrier Skye Terrier Smooth Coat Chihuahua Smooth Fox Terrier South African Boerboel Spanish Mastiff Spinone Italiano Spitz Springer Spaniel St. Bernard Staffordshire Terrier Standard Poodle Sussex Spaniel Swedish Vallhund Large XLarge - XXLarge XLarge - XXLarge Large Large Large - XLarge Medium Large Medium Medium - Large Large XLarge - XXLarge Medium Medium Large - XLarge Large - XLarge Large - XLarge Small - Medium Medium Toy - Medium Medium XLarge - XXLarge Large - XLarge Large - XLarge Large Large XLarge - XXLarge Large Large Medium - Large Medium - Large Tibetan Mastiff Tibetan Spaniel Tibetan Terrier Tosu Inu Toy Fox Terrier Toy Poodle XLarge - XXLarge Medium Medium Large - XLarge Small - Medium Medium Viszla Large Weimaraner Welsh Springer Spaniel Welsh Terrier West Highland White Wheaten Terrier Whippet Wire Fox Terrier Large Large Large Medium Large Medium Medium Xoloitzcuintli Large Yorkshire Terrier Yugoslavian Toy - Medium
All women thinking about becoming pregnant should take folic acid to help prevent birth defects What is gestational diabetes? Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops or is first recognized during pregnancy. How do I know if I am at risk? You are at risk for gestational diabetes if you Had a previous pregnancy with gestational diabetes. Had a baby born weighing over 9 pounds. Are overweight or obese. Are more than 25 years old. Have a family history of diabetes. Are African American, Hispanic, American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander. Are being treated for HIV. How can I find out if I have gestational diabetes? Most women are screened for gestational diabetes at 24-28 weeks gestation during prenatal care. If you or your health care provider has concerns, your health care provider may screen you earlier. Why is gestational diabetes a problem? For you:Your risk of developing type 2 diabetes is increased. You are more likely to have a large baby (a condition known as macrosomia). This may cause discomfort during the last few months of pregnancy. Having a large baby may lead to a cesarean section (C-section). If you had a C-section, it may take longer for you to recover after the birth. For your baby:Large babies are more likely to suffer from birth trauma. Soon after delivery, your baby may have low blood sugar. This can be treated with early feedings and should not result in any long-term consequences after birth. What should I do before becoming pregnant? You should take the following steps before becoming pregnant:Talk with a health care provider about how to reduce your risk of gestational diabetes before becoming pregnant. Be physically active- Get at least 30 minutes of moderateintensity physical activity five days a week. This could be brisk walking, yard work, and actively playing with children, for example, or riding bicycles or playing soccer. Make healthy food choices by eating a variety of foods that are low in fat and reducing the number of calories eaten per day. Maintain a healthy weight. What can I do during pregnancy if I have gestational diabetes? All women benefit from breastfeeding their babies. Find out more about breastfeeding at: http://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding ...
What Is Diabetes? Diabetes is a health problem that results in too much sugar in the bloodstream and not enough in cells where it can be used for energy. The problem occurs when the body is not able to make the hormone insulin (type 1 diabetes) or the insulin that is made doesn’t work very well (type 2 diabetes). Gestational diabetes (GDM) is diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. Why Is GDM a Problem for Pregnant Women? Women with GDM don’t make enough insulin during pregnancy. This results in high levels of sugar in the blood, which is transferred to the baby. The baby turns the extra sugar into fat — mostly around his or her belly. This extra birth fat increases your baby’s chance of having obesity, high blood pressure, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes later in life. In addition, the baby may have difﬁculty being born if he or she is too big, and can have low blood sugars that require special care right after birth. Should I Have a Blood Test to Screen for Diabetes During My Pregnancy? Women who have any risk factor that increases the chance of having GDM should have a screening blood test for GDM at the beginning of the ﬁfth or sixth month (24-28 weeks). Most women have some risk factors for GDM. This is why most health care providers offer the test to all pregnant women. A few women have a high risk for getting GDM during pregnancy. To learn your risk for gestational diabetes, check each box below that applies to you:... I am over 25 years old I was overweight before being pregnant I had GDM during a prior pregnancy I have a history of several miscarriages, a stillborn baby, a very large baby, a baby with birth defects, or a baby who got “stuck” during delivery I have a mother, father, sister, or brother with diabetes I had sugar in my urine at the ﬁrst prenatal visit I have a condition called polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) I am taking a medication called Glucophage (metformin) I am Hispanic, African American, Native American, South or East Asian, or from the Paciﬁc Islands