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Laboratory Safety Awareness Presentation

The Laboratory safety presentation is designed to help laboratory in increasing safety awareness as well as safety requirements. Implementation of proper Laboratory Management System improves quality observed in daily laboratory practices.

Evaluating the Enhancing Capacity of Multiple Carrier  Code Division Multiple Access (Mc-Cdma) Syste

In Communication system, the system capacity and performance are adversely affected and degraded by interference. Hence, power control plays a prominent role in an interference-limited system, which increases the efficiency by mitigating the adjacent and co-Channel interference in the system. In this paper, primarily power control is said to be used in maintaining the acceptable Carrier to Interference Ratio (CIR) by meeting some Quality of service (QoS) requirements Objective function that is defined as maximum channel capacity in a power constraint scenario. The signals in a radio channel undergo different propagation effects like reflection, refraction, scattering and shadowing. Hence, the distribution of users across subcarrier groups as well as their transmission powers within a given cell has a significant effect on how users and power are accordingly distributed elsewhere in the network to maximize the capacity of the system thereby enhancing its performance

A Real-Time VIS for Rail Flaw Detection

Rail inspection is an important task in railway maintenance. The speed and loads of trains have been increasing greatly in recent years, and these factors inevitably raise the risk of producing rail defects. Mainly the discrete surface defects impact the riding quality and safety of a railway system. However, it is a challenge to inspect such defects in a vision system because of illumination inequality and the variation of reflection property of rail surfaces. This project presents a realtime VIS for discrete surface defects of rail heads. VIS comprises the Image Acquisition Subsystem (IAS) and the image analysis subsystem. IAS acquires gray rail images for the surface of a rail head, and the latter processes rail images and detects possible defects. This paper propose the Local Normalization(LN) method to enhance the distinction between defects and background in a rail image, considering illumination inequality and the variation of reflection property of rail surfaces

Modern Construction and Rehabilitation Techniques

The pre-engineered steel building system construction has great advantages to the single storey buildings, practical and efficient alternative to conventional buildings, the System representing one central model within multiple disciplines. Preengineered building creates and maintains in real time multidimensional, data rich views through a project support is currently being implemented by Staad pro software packages for design and engineering.

Material Selection for Computer Aided Design Software  for Crankshaft Design

A crankshaft contains two or more centrally-located coaxial cylindrical ("main") journals and one or more offset cylindrical crankpin ("rod") journals. The design of the Crankshaft considers the dynamic loading and the optimization an lead to a shaft diameter satisfying the requirements of Automobile’s specifications with cost and size effectiveness. Microsoft visual studio package was used in the development of this software, which is capable of designing the shaft with reference to its easy interface, being an open system and its ease of file formats acceptability. It was used during the entire cycle of this software development (analysis phase, design phase and implementation phase).

Estimation of Caffeine in Different Brands of Soft Drinks  by Ultraviolet Spectroscopy

this study was undertaken for the purpose to determine the concentration of caffeine in eight brands of soft drinks with the use of an Ultraviolet spectroscopy. This told us about the best brand among the different brands containing caffeine. The highest concentration of caffeine was found in Sting 500mL (560.29 µg/mL), so it is strongest CNS (central nervous system) stimulant among all samples and it is harmful for health. The lowest concentration of caffeine was found in 7up 500mL (29.71 µg/mL). So it is a weakest stimulant among all samples and can be sold in market

Automatic Template Extraction from Heterogeneous  Web Pages

- In this paper, we will enlist the process of extracting template from heterogeneous Web Pages. Extracting structured information from semi-structured machine readable web pages automatically plays a major role these days, so some websites are using common templates with contents to populate the data for good productivity, Where WWW is the major resource for extracting the information. The problem here is for machines, the templates in the web pages are considered to be harmful since they degrade the performance of web applications due to irrelevant terms in the Template. As a result, the performance of the entire system degrades. Template Detection technique can be used to improve the performance of search engine as well as for classification of web documents. In this paper, we present algorithms to extract templates from a very large number of web pages that are getting generated from heterogeneous templates. Using the similarity of template structures in the documen

Natural Environment of Cold Desert Region Zanskar  (Ladakh)

The study of man-environment relationship has great importance today. Human beings interact with their environment from the early stage of development to modern lives. In the process of this interaction they modify and transform environment. Environment plays determining role in the early stages of development where society essentially adapts itself to the limits laid down by it. As development proceeds onwards, the subservience to it gets progressively reduced and the process of cooperation and interaction begins. Present paper is based on analysis of secondary data published by different sources. Arc viewGIS 10 has been used to construct various kinds of maps in this paper. The natural environment of Zanskar presents a very harsh and fragile system. This region experiences heavy snowfall during winter caused by the western disturbances. Zanskar Tehsil is an underdeveloped area where existing use of natural resources is limited due to the low level of technology

Performance Evaluation of Zero-Till Ferti-Seed Drill in  Comparison to Conventional and Reduced Till

Rice–wheat cropping system is very common in India. It contributes to over 70% of total food grain production in the country with an area of 12 M ha under this cropping system. However, it is estimated that under rice and wheat crops separately the area is 42.31 and 22.98 M ha respectively. Looking to the above facts a study at farmer’s field of Ambedkar Nagar district was under taken to evaluate the performance of zero-till seed cum ferti-drill along with other system of wheat seeding. The zero-tillage technique may be adopted successfully for seeding to grow wheat after rice by using zero-till ferti seeddrill (ZTFDS) developed at GBPUA&T, Pantnagar and now manufactured commercial. Although this method of wheat seeding using zero-till seed cum ferti drill is becoming very popular in Haryana and Punjab states but it is not popular in U. P. particularly in central Uttar Pradesh. The zero-tillage sowing was found to be most time saving (88%) and energy efficient (79%)

Analysis of structural features and classification of  Gujarati consonants for offline character rec

Wide range of applications and numerous other complexities involved in character recognition (CR) makes it a continuous and open area of research. Feature selection and classification plays major role in achieving higher accuracy for character recognition. In the era of digitization its compelling need to have CR system for regional script. This paper presents analysis of structural features and its classification for consonants of Gujarati script. Each character has certain characteristics which distinguishes it from other characters. Gujarati consonants are analyzed for eight such structural features and on the basis of it characters are categorized into twenty groups. Further Paper proposes decision table to classify characters based on structural features.

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