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The automotive marketplace has seen a steady increase in customer demands for quiet and more comfortable vehicles. A customer’s expectations for NVH refinement often contradicts the constraints for lightweight vehicle designs and the need for a powertrain with increased fuel efficiency. The driveline of a vehicle can be a substantial cause of NVH issues. Variants in the driveline architecture (front wheel, rear wheel and four-wheel/all-wheel drive, automatic-, manual-, automatic-shifted manual transmission, etc.) combined with an overall increase in the complexity of the modern driveline systems can make the task of integrating them very challenging. Development of a well refined vehicle requires the understanding and control of several driveline-related noise and vibration problems within different frequency ranges, due to the multitude of driveline components and their potential excitation sources.. A key aspect of the driveline integration process is the realization that a design modification can have an impact on numerous NVH phenomena.
ROTATING ENGINE STANDS 1. Overall visually inspect stand for any signs of wear and fatigue. 2. Lubricate spindles and gear box as referenced in vendor literature if equipped. 3. Inspect anti-rotation locking mechanism if equipped. 4. Install weight equal to engine weight to the engine stand for approximately 2 min. 5. Rotate weight set 360º in both directions if equipped. Operation should be free of binding and/or catching during rotation. 6. Dismantle fixture and visually inspect stand for any signs of wear or failure. Any item, which does not successfully pass the test, is to be rejected and discarded or returned to Tronair for evaluation. Load Cell Data Load Cell Display Cylinder/Pump Eyebolt 2x4 Wood Block Install Weight To Stand 08-2030-0000 AND 08-2034-0000 1. Install engine stand test fixture. 2. Position beam assembly in the center of the engine stand. 3. Tighten beam locks evenly, until the beam assembly is locked in place. 4. Position engine stand over eye hook in floor. Line eye hook directly under pull point of the test fixture. 5. Install 2 x 4 inch block under wheels and lock stand in place. 6. Attach load cell, pull cylinder to eyebolt. 7. Put engine stand through two cycles of loading the engine stand to 3,000 pounds (2,667 psi on gauge). Hold for 30 seconds then release load. 8. Inspect all welds and joints for signs of distortion; if no defects are found, the engine stand is good. 9. If defects are found discard or return to Tronair for evaluation.
PURPOSE During the OBD--II drive cycle, the OBD--II system checks each emission control system by monitoring it for proper operation. It is necessary to run the OBD--II drive cycle: D After repairing an affected vehicle to eliminate a fuel--related or emission--related diagnostic trouble code (DTC). The OBD--II drive cycle will monitor the affected emission system and confirm that the repair was successful. D If the vehicle’s I/M test (“smog check”) results indicate that the OBD--II Readiness Monitors are “incomplete.” Readiness Codes for 1996--98 models are not set to “complete” until all required monitors have gone through one complete monitor cycle. OBD--II monitors could identify a failure. After that, Readiness Codes are set to “complete” after each individual monitor has been completed. Effective January 2, 2001, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will require that vehicles must have all OBD--II Readiness Codes “complete” at the time of an I/M test. This bulletin contains: S OBD--II drive cycle procedure for 1996-97 affected vehicles only (Refer to the appropriate service manual for 1998 and later model OBD--II drive cyle procedures.) S Warranty claim information for OBD--II drive cycle on all affected vehicles. NOTE: On 1996--97 V6 models, after all Readiness codes are complete, turning the ignition off will cause all the Readiness status readings to show incomplete (“INCMP”). This may require that an I/M test be performed before the ignition key is turned off.
Removal (Diamante) 1) Remove hood. Drain cooling system. Remove radiator. Release fuel system pressure. See FUEL PRESSURE RELEASE. Disconnect negative battery cable. Drain engine oil and transaxle oil. Remove front exhaust pipe. Remove transaxle assembly. See appropriate CLUTCHES or TRANSMISSION SERVICING article. 2) Disconnect accelerator cable, brake booster vacuum hose, fuel supply and return lines, and heater hoses. Disconnect EGR temperature sensor (if equipped). Unplug vacuum hose connector. Remove drive belts. Remove power steering pump and A/C compressor, leaving hoses attached. 3) Unplug all harness connectors. Remove bolt from body ground connection. Disconnect alternator wiring inside relay box. Remove relay box and engine wiring harness connection. On models with ABS, remove radiator overflow tank and bracket. 4) Attach engine hoist. Raise engine enough to take weight from mounts. Remove engine mount bracket. Remove damper. Remove rear roll stopper bracket mount bolt. Remove front roll stopper bracket mount bolt. Carefully lift engine from car. Installation (Diamante) To install, reverse removal procedure. Install engine mount bracket so that arrow points away from engine, toward body. Install new "O" rings on fuel lines. Install new exhaust gaskets and nuts. Adjust throttle cable. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS TABLE at the end of this article. Replenish fluids. CAUTION: DO NOT allow foreign material into turbocharger air intake hoses or pipes.
http://www.vitalyte.com/products/electrolyte-replacement.html| High fructose corn syrup is a sweetener commonly found in sports drinks. This sweetener leads to problems such as diabetes and obesity. In addition, your body has trouble processing this substance, which will lack the nutrients that you need. Vitalyte electrolyte replacement drinks are made with natural ingredients that your body can rapidly absorb. Our products will give you the energy you need. For more information call 1-800-283-6505.
A.S.M.E. Construction: Built in accordance with the ASME Code, ensures design integrity for long life. Ensures safety and reliability with third party inspection of standards compliance. Underwriters Package Label [UL/cUL]: Ensures the complete package [burner/boiler] has been tested and certified to the UL standards of safety and controls requirements. High Turndown Burner: For standard emissions [uncontrolled], up to 10:1 turndown on Gas firing, reduces inefficient on/off operation, reducing fuel consumption. Boiler stays on line during low load conditions for optimum efficiency and performance. Airfoil damper design eliminates low fire excess air spikes, increasing combustion efficiency. Boiler/burner by single manufacturer eliminating divided responsibility. Hinged Burner Design: Standard for all sizes of the Elite series and sizes 400 and greater on the Premium series, optional for Premium series sizes 350 and less. Burner assembly is attached to the front boiler wall with integral hinges, permits burner swing out for ease of service, maintenance, and inspection. Swedge-Fitted Tube Attachment: Eliminates welded tube attachment to each drum providing ease of tube replacement. Eliminates rolling or welding of tube replacement, reduces maintenance costs. Thermal Stress Protection: 25 Year Thermal Shock Warranty ensures tube integrity against thermal stress, associated with hydronic heating systems. Bent tube design provides ability to withstand thermal stress of tubes during rapid load swings and cold water returns.
CSST system must be installed in accordance with Each installer must meet applicable qualifications in Section 4.10 of these instructions. accordance with state and/or local requirements as established by the administrative authority which Sound engineering principles and practices must enforces the plumbing or mechanical codes where be exercised for the proper design of fuel gas pip- TracPipe ® ing systems, in addition to compliance with local CounterStrike® CSST (corrugated stainless codes. The installation instructions and procedures steel tubing) flexible gas piping material must contained in this Design Guide must be strictly fol- only be installed by a qualified person who lowed in order to provide a safe and effective flexi- has been sucessfully trained through the ble fuel gas piping system or system modification. CounterStrike® gas piping installation pro- All installations must pass inspections by the local gram. official having authority prior to having the gas ser- gas piping is installed. The vice turned on. All requirements of the local natural gas utility or propane supplier must also be met. This document provides general instructions for the design and installation of flexible fuel gas piping systems using CSST as piping material. The guide must be used in con- Only the components provided or specified by junction with state and local building codes. Local OmegaFlex® as part of the approved piping sys- codes will take precedence in the event of a tem are to be used in the installation. conflict between this guide and the local code. In the absence of local codes, installation must be The use of CounterStrike® tubing or fit- in accordance with the current edition of National Fuel Gas tings with tubing or fittings from other Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54, the National Standard of flexible gas piping manufacturers is Canada, Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code, CSA strictly prohibited and may result in seri- B149.1, ous bodily injury or property damage.
This procedure will require the use of a hand operated vacuum pump with a vacuum gauge. If you do not own one it can often be rented or borrowed from most “big box” parts stores. (Note: 18”HG is the minimum engine vacuum at idle in gear to effectively operate a vacuum booster 1) Remove vacuum hose from check valve on booster. Place hose from vacuum pump onto check valve and draw booster to 20” of vacuum. 2) Let booster sit with vacuum applied for 5 minutes. If vacuum does not stay steady at 20” it is faulty and needs to be replaced. If vacuum does hold steady at 20” proceed to step 3. 3) With 20” of vacuum in booster depress brake pedal once and release it. The booster should transfer some but not the entire vacuum in reserve. Depending on how hard the pedal is depressed it is normal to see 5-10” of vacuum depleted from reserve. The most important thing is to ensure the booster does transfer vacuum but does NOT transfer the entire vacuum in its reserve. If vacuum remains at 20” OR goes to zero the booster is bad and will need to be replaced. If vacuum transfer is within the above parameter proceed to step 4. 4) Once again draw booster down to 20” of vacuum. Go inside car and depress brake pedal and hold down for 30 seconds. You should see the gauge drop slightly and then hold steady. Vacuum should stay steady as long as you are holding the pedal down. If vacuum drops while pedal is being held down the booster is faulty and will need to be replaced.
CONTENTS, PART I - Consists of the bleeding procedure for the Hydraulic Brake Booster only. The Hydraulic Brake Booster works in conjunction with the Power Steering Pump and the Power Steering Gear. CONTENTS, PART II - Consists of bleeding procedure for the Brake System. The Brake System consists of the Master Cylinder and the Wheel Cylinders. The Hydraulic Booster System uses power steering fluid. IMPORTANT! The Brake System uses hydraulic brake fluid. THESE SYSTEMS ARE SEPERATE! USE OF THE WRONG FLUID TYPE WILL CAUSE SEAL DAMAGE TO OCCUR. DO NOT MIX THE TWO SYSTEMS! PART I BLEEDING PROCEDURES FOR THE HYDRAULIC BRAKE BOOSTER 1. Fill power steering pump reservoir with power steering fluid. 2. Start engine and run for approximately two seconds then shut off engine. 3. Check fluid level; add as required. 4. Repeat steps two and three until (power steering reservoir) fluid retains constant level. 5. Raise the front of the vehicle until the height has cleared the tires. 5-a. Run engine at 1000 to 1500rpm. 5-b. Depress brake pedal several times. 5-c. Turn steering right and left, making light contact with wheel stops. 6. Turn the engine off, recheck reservoir fluid, and add if needed. 7. Lower the vehicle and repeat steps 5-a, 5-b, 5-c and 6. 8. If pedal is up and firm, the vehicle is ready for road testing. 9. If reservoir fluid is extremely foamy, let the vehicle stand with engine off for one hour, then recheck. Section I - Trouble Shooting & Guidelines • Page 9 SECTION I - TROUBLE SHOOTING & GUIDELINES PART II - ALL VACUUM UNITS - BLEEDING PROCEDURES IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT ALL BRAKE BLEEDING BE PERFORMED WITH A PRESSURE BLEEDER. IF ONE IS NOT AVAILABLE, USE THE FOLLOWING PROCEDURE:...
Geoform Thin section Cutting and Grinding Machine. Kemet International Limited. Parkwood Trading Estate, Maidstone, Kent ME15 9NJ. Tel: 01622 755287 ... GEOFORM is a precision thin sectioning instrument for mineralogy, combining cutting and grinding functions. With the cutting module, using diamond or CBN wheels up to 200mm diameter, the specimen is fixed on a holder with a vacuum and re-sectioned up to a thickness of approx 0.5mm. Water cooling avoids deformation. The grinding module is designed for precision grinding. A universal vacuum holder accepts different sizes of glass slides by changing the location pins. A vacuum pump delivered as standard holds the glass slide fixed on the holder during the grinding process. A built in digital micrometer ensures high precision and the specimen is ground with an accuracy of 2 microns. Supplied without diamond cut off wheels.