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West River Academy's Class of 2010 included 40 graduates from all over the world. While most were in the US, we also had 2 in China, 1 in Spain, 1 in Germany, 2 in Colombia, 7 in Chile, 1 in Taiwan, 2 in Korea and 1 in Japan. The ones in the picture were the 6 who chose to come to Grand Junction, Colorado to participate in the Commencement Exercises. And what was special for me was the graduation of my youngest daughter, Rachel (to my right in the photo). Each graduate gave a short speech, some with powerpoint, movie or musical presentations. Truly, each one was a valedictorian!
GMC ACADIA / ACADIA DENALI New for 2014: Forward Collision Alert and Lane Departure Warning, standard on Denali and available on SLT-1 and SLT-2 Two charging-only USB ports on the rear of the center console for second-row use 2014 GMC ACADIA HIGHLIGHTS SAFETY, CONVENIENCE FEATURES With its reputation for comfort, performance and efficiency, GMC Acadia has remained a popular choice since it was introduced as the brand’s first crossover SUV in 2007. Its luxury-minded Denali model, which came to market in mid-2010, has widened this midsize crossover’s appeal to customers looking for a high level of style, power and functionality. In 2014, the Acadia focuses on safety with the addition of Forward Collision Alert and Lane Departure Warning, crash-avoidance systems that use a camera and sensors to help detect when the driver is getting too close to a vehicle ahead, or when the vehicle enters another lane without the use of a turn signal. The systems alert the driver with visual cues on the dashboard, as well as audible signals. They complement Side Blind Zone Alert and Cross Traffic Alert, which were added in 2013. The camera technology was recently named a “Top Ten Tech Breakthrough of 2012” by Popular Mechanics. The new model year also brings an additional convenience feature: two charging-only USB ports on the rear of the center console to power up electronics from the second row. Acadia’s lineup for 2014 includes the SLE (with SLE-1 and SLE-2 trims), the SLT (with SLT-1 and SLT-2 trims) and the Denali models, with seven- or eight-passenger configurations. A 3.6L V-6 VVT engine that uses gasoline direct injection technology powers all Acadia models, optimizing performance and fuel economy across the board. The engine is paired with Acadia’s fuel-saving six-speed automatic transmission to help give FWD models an EPA-estimated 24 mpg on the highway. The transmission controls provide quick and consistent shifts for a commanding feel behind the wheel. All-wheel drive is also available. Towing capability for the Acadia is 5,200 pounds (2,364 kg), when...
SolidWorks Electrical Installing SolidWorks Electrical SolidWorks Electrical installation files are available on DVD-ROM or via download. They provide two distinct software installations: • • SolidWorks Electrical SolidWorks Electrical 3D Please note that regardless of whether a Standalone or Client Server installation type has been selected certain processes will be the same, namely if a new SQL instance is to be installed, or if an existing SQL server has been detected. To reduce the size of the document links have been provided to common procedures. 1. Configuration requirements 1.1. SQL data server SolidWorks Electrical includes SQL Server 2008 Express in the installation; this is used to store of the program intelligence, manufacturers’ parts, library symbol descriptions etc. 1.2. System requirements Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 (x64 only). Memory (minimum): 2GB of RAM, 3GB for Windows Vista. Hard disk (minimum): 3GB free space, (for data, server or standalone) + 200MB for the application. Important note for Microsoft Office 2010 users: The 64 bit version of SolidWorks Electrical is not compatible with Microsoft Office 2010 32 bit, when installed on a 64 bit machine. To run SolidWorks Electrical (64 bit version) with Microsoft Office 2010 you must have the 64 bit version of Microsoft Office 2010 installed. (Please note also: Microsoft Office is not required to run SolidWorks Electrical software.) 1.2.1. SolidWorks Electrical 3D/Professional In order to ensure that you have valid system requirements please refer to the page: www.solidworks.com/SystemRequirements.html 3 3DS.COM © Dassault Systèmes | Confidential Information | 01/02/2012 ref.: Document_Reference | This document details the installation of SolidWorks Electrical in either “Standalone” or “Client Server” modes. SolidWorks Electrical is compatible with SolidWorks version 2013 and higher. 3DS.COM © Dassault Systèmes | Confidential Information | 01/02/2012 ref.: Document_Reference | SolidWorks Electrical 3D does not require SolidWorks Routing, (or Premium), to be purchased separately unless you intend to design piping and tubing. 4 Installation instructions Fundamentals To successfully complete the installation, it is essential that the Windows session is run with full Administrator privileges. The "Standalone" installation allows the user to run the software on a single workstation. The databases will be installed locally and are not shared. The "Client Server" installation allows users to share data (symbols, catalogues…) so that several users can work on the same projects data set. When using the downloaded installation run the "Install_sw-e" file. Running the exe file will unpack the contents and automatically launch the installation. Note that the data should not be installed to a root directory, (C:\ for example). A unique directory should be used to store the data, (C:\SolidWorksElectricalData for example). Additionally the SolidWorks Electrical data should not be installed into the same folder as the SolidWorks data. The Setup program automatically recognizes the operating system language and will switch the installation interface to that language. It also detects the presence of any previously installed SolidWorks Electrical on the computer and adapts the interface accordingly. Agreement/Registration On launching the Setup program, if no existing instance of SolidWorks Electrical is located on your system, you will be prompted to accept to the software license agreement. Check on the Accept check box and click the "Next" button to continue. Enter your contact information, and serial number then click the "Next" button to continue. 5 3DS.COM © Dassault Systèmes | Confidential Information | 01/02/2012 ref.: Document_Reference | The client server installation must be run on the computer identified as the "Server".
Tutorial http://www.investopedia.com/university/forexmarket/default.asp Thanks for downloading the printable version of this tutorial. As always, we welcome any feedback or suggestions. http://www.investopedia.com/contact.aspx Table of Contents 1) Forex: Introduction 2) Forex: What Is It? 3) Forex: Reading a Quote and Understanding the Jargon 4) Forex: Benefits and Risks 5) Forex: History and Market Participants 6) Forex: Economic Theories and Data 7) Forex: Fundamental Trading Strategies 8) Forex: Technical Analysis 9) Forex: Ready To Trade? 10) Forex: The Conclusion Introduction Foreign exchange (forex or FX for short) is one of the most exciting, fast-paced markets around. Until recently, trading in the forex market had been the domain of large financial institutions, corporations, central banks, hedge funds and extremely wealthy individuals. The emergence of the internet has changed all of this, and now it is possible for average investors to buy and sell currencies easily with the click of a mouse. Daily currency fluctuations are usually very small. Most currency pairs move less than one cent per day, representing a less than 1% change in the value of the currency. This makes foreign exchange one of the least volatile financial markets around. Therefore, many speculators rely on the availability of enormous leverage to increase the value of potential movements. In the forex market, leverage can be as much as 250:1. Higher leverage can be extremely risky, but because of round-the-clock trading and deep liquidity, foreign exchange brokers have been able to make high leverage an industry standard in order to make the movements meaningful for FX traders. (Page 1 of 30) Copyright © 2010, Investopedia.com - All rights reserved. Investopedia.com – the resource for investing and personal finance education. Extreme liquidity and the availability of high leverage have helped to spur the market's rapid growth and made it the ideal place for many traders. Positions can be opened and closed within minutes or can be held for months. Currency prices are based on objective considerations of supply and demand and cannot be manipulated easily because the size of the market does not allow even the largest players, such as central banks, to move prices at will. The forex market provides plenty of opportunity for investors. However, in order to be successful, a currency trader has to understand the basics behind currency movements. The goal of this tutorial is to provide a foundation for investors or traders who are new to the currency markets. We'll cover the basics of foreign exchange, its history and the key concepts you need to understand in order to be able to participate in this market. We'll also venture into how to start trading currencies and the different types of strategies that can be employed. What Is It? The foreign exchange market is the "place" where currencies are traded. Currencies are important to most people around the world, whether they realize it or not, because currencies need to be exchanged in order to conduct foreign trade and business. If you are living in the U.S. and want to buy cheese from France, either you or the company that you buy the cheese from has to pay the French for the cheese in euros (EUR). This means that the U.S. importer would have to exchange the equivalent value of U.S. dollars (USD) into euros. The same goes for traveling. A French tourist in Egypt can't pay in euros to see the pyramids because it's not the locally accepted currency. As such, the tourist has to exchange the euros for the local currency, in this case the Egyptian pound, at the current exchange rate. The need to exchange currencies is the primary reason why the forex market is the largest, most liquid financial market in the world. It dwarfs other markets in size, even the stock market, with an average traded value of around U.S. $2,000 billion per day. (The total volume changes all the time, but as of April 2004, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) reported that the forex market traded U.S. $1,900 billion per day.) One unique aspect of this international market is that there is no central marketplace for currency exchange. Rather, trade is conducted electronically over-the-counter (OTC), which means that all transactions occur via computer networks between traders around the world, rather than on one centralized This tutorial can be found at:
La información de esta publicación puede estar sujeta a cambios periódicos sin obligación alguna de notificar dichas revisiones o modificaciones. Dichas modificaciones se incorporarán a las nuevas ediciones de la presente guía o documentos y publicaciones complementarios. Esta empresa no hace promesas ni concede garantías, ya sean explícitas o implícitas, sobre el contenido del presente producto y declina expresamente toda garantía implícita de comerciabilidad o idoneidad para un fin determinado. Anote el número de modelo, el número de serie y la fecha y lugar de compra en el espacio provisto a continuación. Los números de serie y modelo figuran en la etiqueta pegada en el ordenador. Toda correspondencia relativa a su unidad deberá incluir los números de serie y modelo, así como la información de compra. Ninguna parte de esta publicación puede ser reproducida, almacenada en sistemas de recuperación o transmitida por ningún medio, ya sea electrónico, mecánico, fotográfico o de otro tipo, sin consentimiento por escrito de Acer Incorporated. Ordenador portátil Aspire 5715Z/5315 Número de modelo: _____________________ Número de serie: ________________________ Fecha de compra: ________________________ Lugar de compra: ________________________ Acer y el logotipo de Acer son marcas comerciales registradas de Acer Incorporated. Los demás nombres de productos o marcas comerciales sólo se utilizan con fines identificativos y pertenecen a sus respectivos propietarios. iii Información para su seguridad y comodidad Instrucciones de seguridad Lea atentamente estas instrucciones. Guarde este documento para consultarlo en el futuro. Siga los avisos e instrucciones marcados en el producto. Apagado del producto antes de limpiarlo Desconecte el producto de la toma de corriente antes de limpiarlo. No utilice productos de limpieza líquidos ni aerosoles. Utilice unpaño húmedo para la limpieza. PRECAUCIÓN con el enchufe como dispositivo desconectado Preste atención a las siguientes indicaciones cuando conecte o desconecte la energía a la unidad de suministro eléctrico: Instale la unidad de suministro eléctrico antes de conectar el cable de alimentación a la salida de corriente alterna, CA. Desenchufe el cable de alimentación antes de retirar la unidad de suministro eléctrico del ordenador. Si el sistema dispone de múltiples fuentes de alimentación, desconecte la energía del sistema desenchufando todos los cables de alimentación de los suministros de corriente. PRECAUCIÓN en Accesibilidad Asegúrese de que la salida de corriente a la que enchufa el cable de alimentación es fácilmente accesible y que se encuentra lo más próxima posible al operador del equipo. Cuando necesite desconectar la corriente del equipo, asegúrese de desenchufar el cable de alimentación de la salida de corriente. PRECAUCIÓN con la Tarjeta Ficticia PCMCIA y la Ranura Express Su ordenador se ha enviado con tarjetas plásticas ficticias instaladas en la PCMCIA y en la Ranura Express. Estas tarjetas protegen las ranuras no utilizadas frente a la entrada de polvo, objetos de metal y otras partículas. Guarde estas tarjetas para utilizarlas cuando no tenga PCMCIA o Tarjeta Express instalados en la ranura. ...
Overview of FDA Perspective on the Ethics of Stem Cell Therapy Robert M. Nelson, M.D., Ph.D. Pediatric Ethicist, Office of Pediatric Therapeutics Office of the Commissioner, Food and Drug Administration Robert.Nelson@fda.hhs.gov Presented on April 4, 2010 Disclosure • The views expressed in this presentation are those of the speaker and do not necessarily represent the policy of either the Food and Drug Administration or the Department of Health and Human Services. • The speaker has no financial interests to disclose with respect to the contents of this presentation. 2 Topics • Origin and Clinical Uses of Stem Cells (SC) • Ethical Issues in SC Research – NIH Criteria for hESC Registration – Evolving Debate over hESC/iPSC • ISSCR Guidelines for SC Clinical Trials • Ethics of FDA-Regulated Clinical Trials 3 Origin of Stem Cells Cells are described as pluripotent if they can form all the cell types of the adult organism. If, in addition, they can form the extraembryonic tissues of the embryo, they are described as totipotent. Watt and Driskell Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2010;365:155-163. 4 Origin of Stem Cells Multipotent stem cells can form all the differentiated cell types of a given tissue. In some cases, a tissue contains only one differentiated lineage and the stem cells that maintain that lineage are described as unipotent. Watt and Driskell Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2010;365:155-163.
STATE OF TENNESSEE TENNESSEE COMMISSION ON CHILDREN AND YOUTH Andrew Johnson Tower, Ninth Floor 710 James Robertson Parkway Nashville, Tennessee 37243-0800 (615) 741-2633 (FAX) 741-5956 1-800-264-0904 TO: FROM: DATE: RE: Members of the Tennessee General Assembly and Other Readers Linda O’Neal, Executive Director January 28, 2011 Resource Mapping 2010 Report Revised As required by TCA 3703-116, on April 15, 2010, the Tennessee Commission on Children and Youth transmitted the first Resource Mapping Report to the General Assembly. We have continued to review and discuss the resource mapping information with a variety of stakeholders across Tennessee. There has been great interest in this report and the information it reveals. As a result of the diligence and persistence of Melissa Staley, TCCY resource mapping director, in January 2011, we discovered there was a major omission from the report. The Department of Education was extremely diligent in reporting its expenditures for the many programs and services it provides to Tennessee schools and Tennessee children. In fact, it provided the highest level of detail in reporting expenditures of any department. However, in the focus on programs and services, submission of the most substantial part of DOE expenditures, and indeed the most substantial overall expenditure Tennessee makes for children, funds for the Basic Education Program (BEP), were not submitted. BEP funds in FY 2007 and FY 2008 were more than $3 billion each year. Upon discovering this omission, the Department of Education immediately submitted the BEP expenditure data, and TCCY staff revised the 2010 Report to include the information. The inclusion of BEP dollars results in changes in many of the charts and graphs that are now included in this report. To the best of our knowledge, the Resource Mapping 2010 Report Revised now includes all state and federal expenditures for children in the Tennessee state budget. Collection of such a massive amount of data continues to be a very challenging process. We are grateful for the collaborative support from staff in the 25 state agencies that submit data for these reports. Data submission for the 2011 report is well underway. We look forward to providing a report in April 2011 that includes expenditures for FY 2009 and FY2010. We continue to stand ready to answer questions and appreciate feedback regarding ways we can improve this report. STATE OF TENNESSEE TENNESSEE COMMISSION ON CHILDREN AND YOUTH Andrew Johnson Tower, Ninth Floor 710 James Robertson Parkway Nashville, Tennessee 37243-0800 (615) 741-2633 (FAX) 741-5956 1-800-264-0904
Global climate change will have a strong impact on development in coming decades. The absence of strong global action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions will hinder future development; conversely, smart climate policies can drive cleaner growth, resulting in a range of economic and social benefits. Through the Global Climate Change Initiative (GCCI) and other climate-related USG programs, the United States will integrate climate change considerations into relevant foreign assistance through the full range of bilateral, multilateral, and private mechanisms to foster low-carbon growth, promote sustainable and resilient societies, and reduce emissions from deforestation and land degradation. The Administration is working to make our climate financing efficient, effective, and innovative, based on country-owned plans, and focused on achieving measurable results. As part of President Obama’s commitments in Copenhagen, we are working together with our partners to provide “fast start” climate finance approaching $30 billion during the period 2010-2012 to help meet the adaptation and mitigation needs of developing countries, including deploying clean energy technologies. To this end we will use the full range of mechanisms – bilateral, multilateral and private – to invest strategically in building lasting resilience to unavoidable climate impacts; reduce emissions from deforestation and land degradation; and, support low-carbon development strategies and the transition to a sustainable, clean energy economy. Investing in Clean Energy: Clean energy programs reduce greenhouse gas emissions from energy generation and energy use by accelerating the deployment of clean energy technologies, policies, and practices. The U.S. will deliver much of its assistance for clean energy deployment through multilateral trust funds that take advantage of existing large-scale greenhouse gas reduction opportunities and establish investment channels for and leverage of the larger private sector financing as demand for cleaner solutions increases. Bilateral efforts complement multilateral investments by helping to shape policy and regulatory environments that can ensure long-term sustainability. In its FY 2011 Budget, the Administration focused on four areas, including energy sector reforms that are preconditions for sustainable clean energy development, energy efficiency, low carbon energy, and clean transport. Promoting Sustainable Landscapes: To help countries that put forward ambitious programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+), the United States announced it would dedicate $1 billion over 2010-2012 as part of the U.S. contribution towards the “fast start financing” reflected in the Copenhagen Accord. The U.S. commitment recognizes the crucial role of REDD+ to reduce emissions as part of Sustainable Landscapes programs that include forests and land use. The United States supports REDD+ activities because they offer cost-effective ways to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions while providing other sustainable development benefits. The Administration’s strategy document, “Strategic Choice for United States Fast Start Financing for REDD+,” will guide the implementation of efforts of U.S. agencies. Supporting Climate Change Resilience and Adaptation: Helping low-income countries reduce their vulnerability to climate change impacts will reduce the social, environmental, and economic...
Soal-Soal dan Pembahasan SNMPTN Matematika IPA Tahun Pelajaran 2010/2011 Tanggal Ujian: 01 Juni 2011 1. Diketahui vektor u = (a, -2, -1) dan v = (a, a, -1). Jika vektor u tegak lurus pada v , maka nilai a adalah ... A. -1 B. 0 C. 1 D. 2 E. 3 Jawab: Vektor: vektor u tegak lurus pada v maka u . v = 0 u = −2 , v = −1 −2 . −1 −1 (a – 1) (a-1) = 0 maka a = 1 −1 = a2 – 2a + 1 = 0 (a - 1)2 = 0 Jawabannya adalah C 2. Pernyataan berikut yang benar adalah ... A. Jika sin x = sin y maka x = y B. Untuk setiap vektor u , v dan w berlaku u . ( v . w ) = ( u . v ). w C. Jika b f ( x) dx = 0, maka a D. Ada fungsi f sehingga E. 1 – cos 2x = 2 cos2 x f ( x )= 0 Lim f(x) ≠ f(c) untuk suatu c xc www.belajar-matematika.com - 1 Jawab: Trigonometri, vektor, integral, limit A. Ambil nilai dimana sin x = sin y sin α = sin (1800 – α ) ambil nilai α = 600 sin 600 = sin 1200 ; tetapi 600 ≠ 1200 Pernyataan SALAH B. Operasi u . ( v . w ) tak terdefinisi karena v . w = skalar, sedangkan u = vektor vektor . skalar = tak terdefinisi Pernyataan SALAH C. Ambil contoh cari cepat hasil dimana b f ( x) dx = 0 ; a 1 Didapat b = 1 dan a = -1 maka f(x)= x x dx = 0 1 terbukti : f(x) = x bukan f(x) = 0 x2 | Pernyataan SALAH D. Ambil contoh f(x) = Lim xc f(x) = Lim x 1 ( ( = ( ( ) ( )( ) = ) ( ) Lim f(x) ≠ f(c) 2 ≠ 1 xc ) ( )( ) = ) ( ) =2 Pernyataan BENAR E. 1 – cos 2x = 1 – ( 2cos2 x – 1) = 1 + 1 - 2cos2 x = 2 - 2cos2 x = 2 ( 1 – cos2 x) Pernyataan SALAH Jawabannya adalah D www.belajar-matematika.com - 2 = (1 – 1) = 0 3. Luas daerah di bawah y = -x2 +8x dan di atas y = 6x - 24 dan terletak di kuadran I adalah.... a. ∫ (− b. ∫ (− c. ∫ (− +8 ) +8 ) +8 ) d. ∫ (6 − 24) e. ∫ (6 − 24) Jawab: Integral: +∫ ( + ∫ (− + ∫ (− + ∫ (− + ∫ (− − 2 − 24) + 2 + 24) + 2 + 24) +8 ) +8 ) kuadran I titik potong kedua persamaan : y1 = y2 -x2 +8x = 6x-24 -x2 +8x - 6x+24 = 0 -x2 +2x + 24 = 0 x2 -2x - 24 = 0 (x - 6) (x+4)0 x = 6 atau x = -4 karena di kuadran I maka yang berlaku adalah x = 6 y = 6.6 – 24= 12 berada di titik (6,12) www.belajar-matematika.com - 3 L = ∫ (− = ∫ (− +8 ) +8 ) + ∫ ((− + ∫ (− Jawabannya adalah B + 8 ) − (6 − 24)) + 2 + 24) 4. sin 350 cos 400 - cos 35 sin 400 = A. cos 50 B. sin 50 C. cos 950 D. cos 750 E. sin 750 Jawab: Trigonometri: Pakai rumus: sin (A - B) = sin A cos B - cos A Sin B A= 350 ; B = 400 = sin (350 - 400) = sin -50 Cos (90 0 - ) = sin rumus Cos (90 0 - (-50) ) = sin -50 = -50 Cos 950 = sin -50 Jawabannya adalah C 5. Diketahui g(x) = ax2 – bx + a – b habis dibagi x – 1. Jika f(x) adalah suku banyak yang bersisa a ketika dibagi x – 1 dan bersisa 3ax + b2 + 1 ketika dibagi g(x), maka nilai a adalah...... A. -1 B. -2 C. 1 D. 2 Jawab: Suku Banyak: g(x) = ax2 – bx + a – b habis dibagi x – 1 g(1) = 0 g(1) = a . 1 – b .1 + a – b = 0 =a–b+a–b=0 2a – 2b = 0 2a = 2b a = b karena a = b maka: g(x) = ax2 – ax + a – a = ax2 – ax www.belajar-matematika.com - 4 E. 3 f(x) dibagi dengan f(x-1) sisa a f(1) = a f(x) dibagi dengan g(x) sisa 3ax + b2 + 1 f(x) dibagi dengan ax2 – ax sisa 3ax + b2 + 1 f(x) dibagi dengan ax(x – 1) sisa 3ax + b2 + 1 teorema suku banyak: Jika suatu banyak f(x) dibagi oleh (x- k) akan diperoleh hasil bagi H(x) dan sisa pembagian S f(x) = (x- k) H(x) + S f(x) dibagi dengan ax(x – 1) sisa 3ax + b2 + 1 f(x) = ax (x - 1) H(x) + (3ax + b2 + 1) substitusikan nilai nol dari pembagi yaitu x = 0 dan x = 1 dari ax (x - 1) ambil x = 1 untuk x = 1 f(1) = a . 1 (1 – 1) H(0) + 3a.1 + b2 + 1 a = 0 + 3a + b2 + 1 diketahu a = b, masukkan nilai a = b a = 3a + a2 + 1 a2 + 2a + 1 = 0 (a+1)(a+1) = (a+1)2 = 0 a = -1 Jawabannya adalah A 6. Rotasi sebesar 450 terhadap titik asal diikuti dengan pencerminan terhadap y = -x memetakan titik (3,4) ke .... A. √ B. − Jawab: ,√ √ ,√ C. D. √ √ ,−√ ,−√ E. − Transformasi Geometri: cos Rotasi sebesar 450 terhadap titik asal = sin sin cos 0 1 pencerminan terhadap y = -x 1 0 www.belajar-matematika.com - 5 √ ,√
Jan 24, 2014 ... To determine if the Metro-North Railroad (Metro-North) used American ... Metro- North, a subsidiary of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority ... To determine if the Metro-North Railroad (Metro-North) used American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act) funds efficiently and for authorized purposes, and whether the funds were properly monitored to prevent fraud, waste and abuse. Our audit covered the period April 30, 2009 to June 30, 2012. Background Metro-North, a subsidiary of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), has four projects funded by the Recovery Act, namely, Poughkeepsie Station Building-Doors/Window ($4.6 million), Grand Central Terminal Elevators ($7.7 million), Grand Central Terminal Facilities Rehabilitation ($22.7 million), and Tarrytown Station Improvement ($37.3 million). Key Finding • Our review of Metro-North’s monitoring of employees paid with Recovery Act funds found that Metro-North officials could better monitor their employees to ensure that Recovery Act funds are used for authorized purposes and instances of fraud, waste and abuse are mitigated. MetroNorth officials should improve the timekeeping method used for conductors to better ensure they are actually working the hours they are paid for, require that all overtime is pre-approved and justified prior to being worked, and consider whether it is the most efficient practice and whether government funds are being wasted by paying conductors 2 hours and 40 minutes of overtime every day for indirect tasks such as changing their clothes, washing up, and traveling to and from the project site. Also, an unannounced visit to the Tarrytown Station found one conductor was not at his assigned post when a train made a stop. Key Recommendations • Monitor employees’ time and attendance to ensure that they are only paid for actual hours worked. • Establish agency-wide policies and procedures that govern the use, pre-approval and justification of overtime. • Ensure the most efficient practices are in place and government funds are not wasted by paying overtime for indirect tasks such as employees changing their clothes, washing up and traveling to and from the project site. • Monitor conductors to make sure that they are on site and working at their assigned posts to better ensure the safety of passengers, contract workers and other Metro-North employees when trains stop at a station during ongoing track work. Other Related Audit/Report of Interest Metropolitan Transportation Authority/Long Island Rail Road: Overtime and Other Time and Attendance Matters Found in the Use of Certain Federal Funds (2010-S-2) Division of State Government Accountability