Found 2767 related files. Current in page 4
Various shoes are worn by distance runners throughout a training season. This study measured the differences in ground reaction forces between running shoes, racing flats, and distance spikes in order to provide information about the potential effects of footwear on injury risk in highly competitive runners. Ten male and ten female intercollegiate distance runners ran across a force plate at 6.7 m·s-1 (for males) and 5.7 m·s-1 (for females) in each of the three types of shoes. To control for differences in foot strike, only subjects who exhibited a heel strike were included in the data analysis. Two repeated-measures ANOVAs with Tukey’s post-hoc tests (p < 0.05) were used to detect differences in shoe types among males and females. For the males, loading rate, peak vertical impact force and peak braking forces were significantly greater in flats and spikes compared to running shoes. Vertical stiffness in spikes was also significantly greater than in running shoes. Females had significantly shorter stance times and greater maximum propulsion forces in racing flats compared to running shoes. Changing footwear between the shoes used in this study alters the loads placed on the body. Care should be taken as athletes enter different phases of training where different footwear is required. Injury risk may be increased since the body may not be accustomed to the differences in force, stance time, and vertical stiffness. Key words: Footwear, impact, track.
Over 10,000 thoroughbred foals are born each year. Most are raised with the intention of racing. Most will race but only a few will go on to win prestigious races with large sums of money. Only 20 will go on to run in the Kentucky Derby. Many don’t even earn enough in racing to pay for their board. There are three main reasons for retirement: injuries sustained that affect his/her performance; loss of the ‘competitive edge’; or intended use for breeding. At some point in their racing career, they will all be retired. Thoroughbreds can be misunderstood when caregivers take on an ex-racer without any knowledge of a horse’s life at the track. They are athletes that undergo extensive training at a young age that takes a toll on them physically and mentally. Thoroughbreds cannot be compared to a caregiver’s 14 year old Warmblood or Quarter Horse. Everything will be new to the ex-racer, and the living conditions at a boarding facility or private farm differ greatly from living conditions at the racetrack. Most leave racing by the age of 5. The thoroughbred will think and behave like a young horse, and must be given time to adjust to a new daily routine and life off the racetrack, which will require patience from the caregiver. It’s a fact of racing that if a Thoroughbred isn’t making money at the track, it is usually quickly sold or claimed in claiming races. Thoroughbreds usually have had several, even numerous owners and racetrack caregivers, and may not have experienced the affection and attention from the same person every day, as it receives at a boarding facility/private farm. Thoroughbreds quickly adjust to affection and attention and are anxious to return it to their new owner. Thoroughbreds at the racetrack are well fed and have a high metabolism. Most are healthy so they can race and compete. Some may come off the racetrack with some soreness in their legs. Some may need dental care. All need Ferrier care to pull racing shoes and evaluate hooves. Hooves usually need regular attention and trimming. The following information is derived from many articles from experts on off the track thoroughbred care and the years of horse care and OTTB care that we have experienced.
Horsemen’s Update This Issue’s Feature: Shoeing and Hoof Care horoughbred racehorses were bred for and are consistently acknowledged for their speed and track potential, but because of the demands of racing, the magnificent athletes’ feet need regular and proper care to help them stay sound and healthy. While this facet of Thoroughbred maintenance is near-obvious to most involved in the racing industry, the impact of foot problems on the welfare of the racehorse is anything but an inconsequential conversation piece. Thus, the importance of proper shoeing and hoof care is the focus of this month’s horsemen’s update. Photos courtesy of Mitch Taylor The Equine Hoof and the Problems it Faces forelimb suspensory apparatus failure.3 Shoeing can affect the flight of the hoof, which in turn influences the symmetry of the body.“If the angle (of the hoof) is allowed to remain incorrect, changes occur in the supporting structures as the body attempts to compensate. This compensation can lead to serious discomfort and lameness.”2 he condition of a horse’s feet is influenced by factors such as genetics, nutrition, environment, farriery and the use of the horse.1 The hoof has evolved to adapt to its environment, but the natural hoof should be rounded or slightly oval, containing an outer wall of specialized keratin cells to yield a hard protective surface. The hoof contains a sole to protect underlying tissues, as well as a frog and digital cushion for shock absorption. The short pastern (second phalanx), the coffin bone (third phalanx), and the navicular bone are the three bones inside the hoof. The hoof is supplied with fresh oxygenated blood, and the hydrostatic pumping of the foot helps to circulate blood back toward the heart from the limb periphery.2
WARNING! Read and understand this Owner’s and Safety Manual. Always follow safety precautions in the Owner’s and Safety Manual. Improper use can cause serious injury! The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. Preserve this Manual carefully! 1 WARNING ! Careless or improper use of this product can cause serious or even fatal injury. Before operating a chain saw or other MAKITA products it is important that you read, fully understand and carefully follow the instructions outlined in this Owner’s and Safety Manual. Kickback may cause severe or fatal injury and is one of many potential dangers in operating a chain saw. Kickback and other safety related precautions are described in detail within this Owner’s and Safety Manual. Additional Owner’s and Safety Manuals are available from MAKITA USA, INC.,14930-C Northam Street, La Mirada, CA 90638-5753, Telephone: (714) 522 80 88 and MAKITA CANADA INC., 1950 Forbes Street, Whitby, Ontario, Canada, L1N 7B7, Telephone: (905) 571 22 00. This product complies with: American National Standard Institute B 175.1-1991 chain saw safety standard. Canadian Standards Association Society of Automotive Engineers Z62.1-95 chain saw safety standard. Z62.3-96 chain saw kickback standard. SAEJ 335-Jun 95 „Multiposition small engine exhaust system fire ignition suppression”. With the purchase of this chain saw you have chosen a German quality product. Important instructions for the assembly and operation of this saw are given in this Manual. For your own safety, we ask you to read the accident prevention instructions very carefully before putting your chain saw into operation, as incorrect handling can, despite all precautions, lead to accidents. With a little care and attention you will have good service and lasting satisfaction from this first-rate product. The following industrial property rights apply: US 4465440, US 5411382, EP 0236858, EP 0560201, DE-O 19504106, GBM 8710075, GBM 9203378, GBM 29616652. MAKITA DCS 6000i, 6800i...
Use Safety Glasses Also use safety footwear; snug fitting clothing; protective gloves; hearing and head protection (5). Carrying Saw Carry the chain saw by the front handle with the saw stopped, finger off the switch, the guide bar and saw chain, covered with the chain protection, to the rear. maintain Chain Saw With Care Inspect chain saw cords periodically and if damaged , have repaired by authorized service facility. Keep cord clear of the chain and operator at all times. Never carry saw by the cord or pull it to disconnect from receptacle. Keep cord from oil and sharp edges. inspect extension cords periodically and replace if damaged. Keep tools sharp and clean for better and safer performance. follow instructions for lubricating and changing accessories. Keep handles dry, clean, and free from oil and grease. Disconnect Chain Saw Disconnect chain saw when not in use, before servicing, and when changing accessories and attachments, such as saw chain and guard (6). Outdoor Use Extension Cords Use only extension cords intended for use outdoors and so marked. Route the power cord in such a way that in cannot get caught in branches or other objects during sawing. Stay Alert Watch what you are doing. use common sense. Do not operate chain saw when you are tired. Keep all parts of the body away from the saw chain when the motor is operating. Before you start the saw, make sure the saw chain is not contacting anything. Check Damaged Parts Before further use of the chain saw, a guard or other part that is damaged should be carefully checked to determine that it will operate properly and perform its intended function. Check for alignment of moving parts, binding of moving parts, breakage of parts, mounting, and any other conditions that may affect its operation. A guard or other part that is damaged should be properly repaired or replaced by an authorized service center unless otherwise indicated elsewhere in this instruction manual. have defective switches be replaced by authorized service center. Do not use chain saw if the switch does not turn the saw on and off. Do not operate a chain saw that is damaged, improperly adjusted, or is not completely and securely assembled (7). Be sure that the saw chain stops moving when the trigger is released. Guard Against Kickback WARNING: KICKBACK may occur when the nose or tip of the guide bar touches an object (8), or when the wood closes in and pinches the saw chain in the cut. Tip contact in some cases may cause a lightning fast reverse reaction, kicking the guide bar up and back towards the operator. Pinching the saw chain along the top of the guide bar may push the guide bar rapidly back towards the operator. Either of these reactions may cause you to lose control of the saw which could result in serious injury to user. The following precautions should be followed to minimize kickback: Always grip each handle with the thumb and fingers encircling the handle as illustrated in (9). Device malfunction maintenance refill oil sharpen the saw chain stop transport shutdown Don't let the nose of the guide bar contact a log, branch, ground, or other obstruction. Don't cut above shoulder height (10). Use devices such as low kickback chain, chain brakes and special guide bars that reduce the risks associated with kickback. Power Supply Connect chain saw to correct voltage, that is, be sure that the voltage supplied is the same as that specified on the nameplate of the tool (11). Replacement Parts When servicing, use only identical replacement parts (11). Polarized Plugs To reduce the risk of electric shock, this equipment has a polarized plug (one blade is wider than the other). This plug will fit in a polarized outlet only one way. if the plug does not fit fully in the outlet , reverse the plug. If it still does not fit, contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. Do not change the plug in any way. Wear ear protectors during operation. Before making a felling cut, remove dirt, stones, loose bark, nails, staples and wire from the tree. Secure the log so that it will not rol or move suddenly during operation. aVOID UNINTENTIONAL STARTING. Don't carry plugged-in tool with finger on switch. Be sure switch is OFF when plugging in.....
Important: Read this instruction manual carefully before putting the chain saw into operation and strictly observe the safety regulations! Keep this instruction manual! 1 Thank you for your trust in our product. MAKITA electric chain saws are characterized by their robust, high-efficiency motors and high chain velocities which allow an excellent cutting efficiency. They are equipped with numerous state-of-the-art safety devices, are light, handy and can be put into operation immediately wherever electric power is provided. In order to guarantee the optimal function and performance of your electric chain saw and to ensure your personal safety we would request you to perform the following: Read this instruction manual carefully before putting the electric chain saw into operation for the first time and strictly observe the safety regulations! Failure to do so can result in serious injury to the operator and/or bystanders! Symbols You will notice the following symbols on the chain saw and in the instruction manual: Read instruction manual and follow the warnings- and safety precautions! Maximum permissible cut length Wear protective gloves! Particular care and attention! Wear protective helmet, eye and ear protection! Protect against moisture! Pull out the power supply plug! Direction of chain travel Pull out the power supply plug if the cable is damaged! Double protective insulation Saw chain oil Chain brake released First aid Chain brake actuated Kickback! Forbidden!
Important: Read this instruction manual carefully before putting the chain saw into operation and strictly observe the safety regulations! Only persons who have completed training in working from elevated platforms (cherry pickers, lifts), from platforms mounted on ladders or who are proﬁcient in climbing with ropes are permitted to operate this chain saw. Keep this Instruction Manual! Congratulations on choosing a MAKITA chain saw! We are conﬁdent that you will be satisﬁed with this modern piece of equipment. The DCS3410TH (Tophandle) is a very light and handy chain saw with the handle on the top. This model was developed especially for tree surgery and care. Only persons who have completed training in working from elevated platforms (cherry pickers, lifts), from platforms mounted on ladders or who are proﬁcient in climbing with ropes are permitted to operate this chain saw. The automatic chain lubrication with variable-ﬂow oil pump and maintenance-free electronic ignition ensure trouble-free operation, while the hand-saving anti-vibration system and ergonomic grips and controls make work easier, safer, and less tiring for the user. The safety features of the DCS3410TH are state of the art and meet all German and international safety standards. They include handguards on both grips, grip safety, chain catch, safety saw chain, and chain brake. The chain brake can be actuated manually, and is also inertia-actuated automatically in case of kickback. In order to ensure the proper functioning and performance of your new chain saw, and to safeguard your own personal safety, it is imperative that you read this instruction manual thoroughly before operation. Be especially careful to observe all safety precautions! Failure to observe these precautions can lead to severe injury or death! EU Conformity Declaration The undersigned, Tamiro Kishima and Rainer Bergfeld, as authorized by DOLMAR GmbH, declare that the MAKITA machines, Type: 170 EU prototype test certiﬁcate No. DCS3410TH M6T 09 06 24243 098 manufactured by DOLMAR GmbH, Jenfelder Str. 38, 22045 Hamburg, Germany, conforms to the basic safety and health requirements of the applicable EU guidelines: EU Machinery Directive 98/37/ EG, EU EMC Directive 2004/108/ EG, Outdoor Noise Directive 2000/14/EG. Starting on 29 Dec. 2009, Directive 2006/42/EG will come into force, replacing Directive 98/37/EG. This product meets the requirements of the new Directive. The most important standards applied to properly meet the requirements of the above EU Directive were: EN 14982, EN ISO 11681-2, EN 61000-4-2, EN 61000-4-3, CISPR 12. The conformity assessment procedure 2000/14/EG was performed per Annex V. The measured noise level (Lwa) is 106 dB(A). The guaranteed noise level (Ld) is 108 dB(A). The EU Type-Examination Certiﬁcate was performed by: TÜV Product Service GmbH, Zertiﬁzierungsstelle, Ridlerstraße 31, D-80339 München.
Read this instruction manual carefully before putting the chain saw into operation and strictly observe the safety regulations! Only persons who have completed training in working from elevated platforms (cherry pickers, lifts), from platforms mounted on ladders or who are proficient in climbing with ropes are permitted to operate this chain saw. Keep this Instruction Manual! Thank you for purchasing a MAKITA product! The DCS230T and DCS232T (Tophandle) are very light and handy chain saws with the handles on the top. These models were developed especially for tree surgery and care. Only persons who have completed training in working from elevated platforms (cherry pickers, lifts), from platforms mounted on ladders or who are proficient in climbing with ropes are permitted to operate these chain saws. The safety features of the DCS230T and DCS232T are state of the art and meet all German and international safety standards. They include handguards on both grips, grip safety, chain catch, safety saw chain, and chain brake. The chain brake can be actuated manually, and is also inertia-actuated automatically in case of kickback. In order to ensure the proper functioning and performance of your new chain saw, and to safeguard your own personal safety, it is imperative that you read this instruction manual thoroughly before operation. Be especially careful to observe all safety precautions! Failure to observe these precautions can lead to severe injury or death!
Read and understand this Manual. Always follow safety precautions in the Owner’s and Safety Manual. Improper use can cause serious injury! Preserve this Manual carefully! ATTENTION! Suivez toujours les conseils de sécurité du présent manuel d’emploi et de sécurité. Une utilisation incorrecte de la tronçonneuse peut entraîner des blessures graves! Conservez avec soin ce manuel. Lisez et comprenez ce ... Careless or improper use of this product can cause serious or even fatal injury. Before operating a chain saw or other MAKITA products it is important that you read, fully understand and carefully follow the instructions outlined in this owners manual. Kickback may cause severe or fatal injury and is one of many potential dangers in operating a chain saw. Kickback and other safety related precautions are described in detail within this owners manual. Additional owners manuals are available from MAKITA USA,In case one of the parts listed should not be included in the delivery inventory, please consult your sales agent. Read instruction manual and follow the warningand safety precautions! Particular care and caution! On/Off (I/O) switch STOP Kickback! Chaine brake Stop engine! 2 Fuel and oil mixture 1 Forbidden! Press starting valve Wear protective helmet, eye and ear protection! Engine -manual start Chain oil fill/oil pump Choke lever First aid Wear protective gloves! speed Carburetor adjustment Recycling No smoking! Working in winter No open fire! Working in summer 3 Safety precautions for chain saw operators Additional safety precautions While operating the chain saw please observe the following rules: a) Contact of the guide bar nose with any object should be avoided. b) Tip contact may cause the guide bar to move suddenly upward and backward, which may cause serious or fatal injury. c) Always operate the chain saw with both hands. The following additional safety precautions should be observed by all users of chain saws: 1. Do not operate a chain saw when you are fatigued. WARNING! 2. Use safety footwear; snug-fitting clothing; protective gloves; and eye, hearing, and head protection devices. 3. Use caution when handling fuel. Move the chain saw at least 10 feet (3 m) from the fueling point before starting the engine. Read and follow all safety precautions in the owner’s manual. Failure to follow instructions could result in serious injury.
http://www.advancedfamilydental.info | Fall River Family Dental are dedicated to making sure your time with us is as pleasant as possible. Each dental treantment option will be thoroughly discussed with you and any questions you have resolved prior to the start of your care.