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The Silmarillion, foundation of the imagined world of J.R.R. Tolkien, was as is well known never completed, never brought to a final form after the writing of The Lord of the Rings: the work is known from the text published posthumously in 1977, a construction from the narratives that existed, not a completion. In Morgoth's Ring, the first of two companion volumes, Christopher Tolkien describes and documents the later history of The Silmarillion, from the time when his father turned again to 'the Matter of the Elder Days' after The Lord of the Rings was at last achieved. The text of the Annals of Aman, the 'Blessed Land' in the far West, is given in full; while in writings hitherto unknown is seen the nature of the problems that J.R.R. Tolkien explored in his later years, as new and radical ideas, portending upheaval in the old narratives, emerged at the heart of the mythology, and as the destinies of Men and Elves, mortals and immortals, became of central significance, together with a vastly enlarged perception of the evil of Melkor, the Shadow upon Arda. Among these writings a central place is given to the Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth, in which the Elvish King of Nargothrond debates with the 'wisewoman' Andreth the injustice of human mortality.
I want to consider the work of J.R.R. Tolkien in terms of its reception, which combines remarkable popular success with extraordinary critical hostility.1 What are so many readers finding so rewarding in these books that so many professional literary intellectuals think is so bad? The solution to this riddle, I suggest, arises out of the meaning and values of his work as apprehended by both sets of readers, constellated around the idea, values and projects of modernity - something which Tolkien's alternative, "re-enchanted" world fundamentally questions. Crucial too, therefore, are various aspects of what has come to be called postmodernity which, taken together, imply a passing of modernist hegemony. To put it crudely, then, I intend to use postmodernism to defend the contemporary meaning of Tolkien's anti-modernism against his numerous Marxist, materialist, psychoanalytic and structuralist critics. But I shall also use the issue of re-enchantment to criticize postmodernist secularism. I finish up with a few suggestions about both criticism and the writing of fantasy which arise out of this approach. Without suggesting a comparable importance, a certain parallelism with Tolkien's famous lecture on Beowulf has emerged in the course of my own essay, except that this time, the story is contemporary literature, and the irritatingly atavistic and intractable monster at its centre is The Lord of the Rings itself. I too am going to suggest that the latter's critics too have missed its point, and have done so for reasons which turn on their own relationship of complicity with modernity.
Because of the popularity of The Lord of the Rings in all its mediums, the creatures known as “orcs” or, sometimes, “goblins” are commonly known at this point in time. Even those who have never read J.R.R. Tolkien’s books have some image associated with the name. “Orc.” It is Old English in origin, returned to the popular lexicon of both British and American English by a certain professor of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford University. What does one imagine when hearing that word? For those who know these creatures through Tolkien’s writings, one probably pictures a dank, stooped warrior, not fair in any sense of the word, with a taste for blood and greed for destruction: dark, coarse, stinky, and cruel. Between such a description and the activities of orcs as narrated in The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion, these creatures are, in a word, evil. Not one of the passages in these books is sympathetic to the orcs; not once are they considered among the free peoples of Middle-earth; and, not once do their actions (as we see them) really justify it. We must remember that these creatures do not exist in the reality we here experience, and as such that Tolkien imagined these characters and thus made conscious choices in their written creation. It is entirely intentional that we never see an orc worthy of our sympathy or our pity as readers. In so doing, Tolkien establishes the orcs as a race of evil motives, evil deeds, and evil natures. Even men, the men from the East and South so very different from the Gondorian heroes of The Lord of the Rings, receive forgiveness from their enemies and earn a chance at redemption. No such considerations for the orcs! Aligned first with Morgoth, and then with Sauron, the orcs, by their very nature, it seems, cannot be redeemed. They are evil, and thus irreversibly immoral – or so Tolkien’s presentation leads many to believe. And, of course, the orcs are evil according to Tolkien’s own morality, defined by him as “a guide to our human purposes, the conduct of our lives: (a) the ways in which our individual talents can be developed without waste or misuse; and (b) without injuring our kindred or interfering with their development” (Letters 399-400). Tolkien’s own morals aside, has he truly made the orcs irreversibly evil? Is there no question, no possibility, that they can be redeemed – or even, that they are not evil in the first place? ...
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already mentioned a few meal ideas for breakfast and lunch, as well as a few energizing backpacking snack suggestions. Dinner is the backpacking meal that most backpackers settle down and truly enjoy. Once you have set camp for the evening and settled in, a hot and hearty meal will revitalize your body and get you prepared for another day of active hiking. Backpacker’s Sushi Cook 1 cup instant rice with boiling water. Cut nori (seaweed rollers for sushi found at international grocers or sections) into quarters Place a spoonful of rice on the nori and add a spoonful of tuna from foil packet Roll the sushi and dip in wasabi, horseradish, or soy sauce (take-out packets) Seafood Pasta Cook ½ package pasta (fettuccini, tortellini, etc) Heat a little bit of olive oil, salt, and garlic with salmon or tuna (foil package) Toss with parmesan cheese and enjoy! Variation: chicken (canned) and sundried tomatoes Just Add Water Backpacking Feast In a small sandwich bag combine: ¾ cup instant potatoes ¾ cup dry stuffing Dried cranberries Beef or turkey jerky pieces Powdered gravy mix At camp, stir in boiling water and let stand before eating. Country Chicken and Rice Combine 1 cup instant rice with 1 ½ cups boiling water Stir in one packet onion soup mix Add 1 small can of chicken Stir until warm Fiesta Trail Chicken In a small sandwich bag combine: 1 cup instant rice 1 packet tomato soup mix Spices (chili powder, cumin, garlic powder, etc.) At camp, add 1 ½ cups boiling water to dry ingredients and stir in a small can of chicken..
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Work the Runway in your Fashion Model attire. The Fashion Model outfit can be any "dress up" outfit you would wear to a social occasion, party, wedding, red carpet event, etc.
AutoCAD 2014 HELP! Sheets I. Log Into the System Using Your KishSOS ID and Password – On Site Storage 1. Press CTRL+ALT+DEL at the Windows 7 Kishwaukee College welcome screen. 2. Enter your ID and password to log into the system. 3. By logging into the system, you are automatically logged into your own protected file on the Kishwaukee College server’s “H:” drive. 4. You should make new subfolders in your H drive folder for each of your classes such as CAD151, CAD152, etc. Save your AutoCAD drawings to the appropriate folder you create FIRST. 5. Be sure to log out of your CAD workstation before you leave class. II. Off Site Backup Files – Off Site Storage Students should use one of the following options to take drawings complete or as a work-in-progress home (drive letters may vary by computer workstation locations): 1. (D:) CD/RW 2. (E:) Flash Drive or Portable Hard Drive Use Windows Explorer to open two folders showing both the H drive and E drive. Copy the files of H to your drive at E. You can also save drawings to the Autodesk 360 or AutoCADWS clouds. SPECIAL NOTE: YOU SHOULD NEVER START A DRAWING SESSION FROM A PORTABLE STORAGE DEVICE! ALWAYS RETRIEVE CAD DRAWINGS FROM THE CAD SYSTEM!
Tips and Tricks Command Line Command Line Command Line Enjoy an improved user experience with AutoCAD 2015 along with many productivity tools that are certain to help you take your designs to the next level! If you are a fan of the command line—you will love the many enhancements such as synonyms, autocorrect and content search. AutoCorrect No more of the dreaded “unknown command”! Now if you mistype a command, AutoCAD will autocorrect to the most relevant command. (Hoorah!) AutoComplete AutoComplete now supports mid-string search capabilities. If you key in “PLANE” for example, you will get all the commands and/ or system variables that contain the word PLANE. 2 | TIPS AND TRICKS Commands in the AutoComplete suggestion list are initially displayed in order of their general popularity. As time goes on—the suggestion list will adapt to your own usage behavior (making your AutoCAD smarter and smarter!) Synonym Suggestions When you work on multiple CAD systems— it is easy to get your nomenclature mixed up! The new Synonym suggestions will help you find an appropriate match (and it’s customizable!) For example if you key in SYMBOL, AutoCAD will offer up the INSERT command. Content Timesaver alert! Now you can access layers, blocks, hatch patterns, text styles, dimension styles and visual styles from the command line! For example, if you key in “Door”, you can quickly insert the preferred door block from the suggestion list. Customize your synonyms with the Edit Synonym tool (Manage ribbon tab).
Capture your 2D concepts with the connected design tools of Autodesk® AutoCAD LT® drafting software. Use powerful documentation tools to produce more precise technical drawings that you can efficiently edit, repurpose, and share with confidence. Help ensure accurate dimensions and technical details that faithfully convey the specifics of your design. With the genuine DWG™ technology in AutoCAD LT, you can produce drawing files that are compatible with other AutoCAD®‐based software and utilize sharing options for smoother workflow integration with project stakeholders and colleagues. With a focus on drafting productivity, AutoCAD LT is built for effective design documentation. AutoCAD LT continues its transformation into a connected design application, accessing the power of cloud, social, and mobile. With AutoCAD LT 2014 you can work across platforms, collaborate with project stakeholders, and bring the power of AutoCAD LT with you wherever you go. Sign into your Autodesk® account to share and access documents online. If you do not yet have an Autodesk account, choose Need an Autodesk ID from the Sign In dialog box and provide the necessary information. It’s free*! Take further advantage of the power of connection with access to command line Internet search, Live Map Data, and integrated Design Feed. * Free products and services are subject to the terms and conditions of the end-user license and services agreement that accompanies them. 3 User Interaction Help system AutoCAD LT 2014 software includes enhancements to the Help system. New search filters enable you to narrow your search results based on the type of user. For example, if you choose User, you can filter on commands or system variables.