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U mnogim slucajevima, ne priznaju se medjudrzavni ugovori sa nestalom drzavom. Isto tako, ne priznaje se uvek teritorija prijasnje drzave. Kijevska vlast ima problem. U UN, oni su postavili tezu da je u Kijevu bila revolucija. takozvana revolucija "digniteta", i da to nije drzavni udar. Rusija, prema tome, nema uopce obaveze da postuje ugovor iz Budimpeste. Naravno da ce US i UK vristati da je to Ruska medjudrzavna obaveza, ali to nije istina. Drzava koja postoji danas se nemoze pozivati na prijasnje ugovore, ako je sama odbila da prihvati obaveze koje je prijasnja drzava potpisala .
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Java Version 7 (Update 51 - 1/13/14) Windows (XP/7) Java will be releasing a major upgrade on Monday night 1/13/2014. The new version will be Java version 7, update 51. You may find your icons not working after you download the update so below are the troubleshooting steps you can try to get your icon refreshed and working again Step 1 - Clearing your Java's Cache a. Please go to your Start Icon on your computer, and then go to your Control Panel b. Find the Java icon in your Control Panel and double click on it c. On the first tab, click on Settings d. A box titled "Temporary File Settings" will pop up e. Make sure "Keep temporary files on my computer" is checked f. Click on the "Delete Files..." button at the bottom g. A box titled "Delete Temporary Files" will pop up h. Check ALL of the options and click "OK" i. Once it is done clearing your cache, close all of your Java boxes j. The QClaims icon on your desktop should have also disappeared once this step has completed. If you find that your icon is still on your desktop, please right click on it and delete it Step 2: Re-downloading QClaims a. Please click on this link to re-download QClaims http://spiclaims01.eicbo.info/start/qclaims.jnlp b. If the link above is not clickable: open up your web browser and type in http://spiclaims01.eicbo.info/start/qclaims.jnlp (Be sure to clear all content from browser address window) c. You should see the Java Splash screen pop up which means QClaims is starting to load d. Wait about 2 minutes and your QClaims logon box should pop up after the Java splash screen e. You should be able to log in after that. You should also have a new QClaims icon on your desktop In the event you find that you do not have a new icon on your desktop after you logged in successfully, you may do the following to force an icon onto your desktop: Go to your Start Icon on your computer, Go to your Control Panel Find the Java icon in your Control panel and double click on it On the first tab, click on View When the Java cache viewer box comes up, you should see a QClaims icon Right click on it and choose "Install Shortcut". Close everything and check your desktop for a new icon. (If the "Install Shortcut" button is grayed out, it means you have an icon on your desktop and may have just overlooked it) If you find that these instructions do not solve your problem, please contact Axiom Support at (602) 439-2525 between 7:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. Mountain Standard Time
Diesel ECU and Fuel Injector Drivers VISHAY components used for diesel ECU include: • Power MOSFETS • Diodes • Capacitors • Resistors • Inductors / EMI Filters • Transient / Overvoltage Protection Devices • ESD Protection Devices • Reverse Polarity Protection Devices Application Overview Electronic control of diesel engines for passenger cars and commercial vehicles is a critical function in today"s automotive industry. All functions in a modern diesel engine are controlled by an electronic control unit (ECU) that communicates with an elaborate array of sensors placed at strategic locations throughout the engine to monitor everything from engine speed to coolant and oil temperatures to piston position. Efficient electronic control means that fuel burns more thoroughly, delivers more power, provides greater fuel economy, and generates fewer emissions than yesterday"s diesel engines. Modern direct-injection diesel engines produce low amounts of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons, reactive nitrogen compounds (NOx), and particulate matter (PM). VISHAY's broad product line provides component solutions for power supplies (SMPS), input signal conditioning, fuel injector drivers, relay drivers, solenoid drivers, and vehicle communications. page 2 Diesel ECU and Fuel Injector Drivers : CAN-BUS, ESD Protection Ceramic Capacitors Product Name Status VJ...31/ VJ...34 Automotive Description SMD Ceramic Capacitor Solutions High Temperature Application Boardflex-Sensitive Applications Features 1.0pF…1µF 10Vdc ... 3000Vdc Package Q-Level SMD 0402…1812 Small-Signal Diodes Product Name Status Description Features Package GL05T Low Capacitance ESD Protection; Data Line Protection; Ppk=300W, Vrrm=70V, Ippm=17A SMD SOT-23 GL24T Low Capacitance ESD Protection; Data Line Protection; Ppk=300W, Vrrm=70V, Ippm=5A Q-Level SMD SOT-23 Thick Film Resistors Product Name Status Description Features Package Q-Level CRCW0402 Bulk Resistors, Pulse-Resistant; Good Long-Term Stability; 1R..10M, 1%, TCR100 SMD 0402 AEC Q200 CRCW0603 Bulk Resistors, Pulse-Resistant; Good Long-Term Stability; 1R..10M, 1%, TCR100 SMD ...
The National Instruments 9758 Port Fuel Injector (PFI) Driver Module includes a CompactRIO (cRIO) module for driving low and high impedance Port Fuel Injectors (PFI) and general purpose automotive solenoid valves and actuators. The NI 9758 includes a LabVIEW FPGA VI for controlling each driver channel. Each PFI channel is individually controlled for timing and duration. Each general purpose low-side solenoid driver is PWM controlled, capable of 0% to 100% duty cycle operation. Features: • 4-channel low or high impedance PFI driver – Turnable current level and duration for each phase – Optional recirculation at end of pulse – • Two phase current control – Open and short circuit detection and reporting with short circuit disable 4-channel general purpose low-side solenoid driver – 1.5 A continuous duty – PWM controlled • • – 2 Hz to 10 kHz frequency operation • • 0% to 100% duty cycle operation 500 ns resolution Open and short circuit detection and reporting with short circuit disable External power supply of 7 V to 32 V Pinout Figure 1. NI 9758 Pin Assignments 2 | ni.com | NI 9758 User Manual Hardware The NI 9758 provides four port fuel injector drivers and four general purpose low-side solenoid drivers in a NI CompactRIO module. Powering the Module The NI 9758 requires power from two different sources, a 15-pin D-SUB (HD15) connector and the external screw-terminal connector. The CompactRIO backplane male high density D-SUB 15-pin (HD15) connector mates with the module’s female HD15 connector. This power source provides a regulated 5 V and ground to various digital logic functions within the module. The CompactRIO 5 V source is active whenever the CompactRIO or R Series Expansion Chassis is properly powered. The NI 9758 should only be powered at the HD15 connector by plugging it into a CompactRIO or R Series Expansion Chassis. The NI9758 HD15 connector should not be connected to any other device. The external screw-terminal connector with the terminals labeled BATT (0) and GND (9) provide a second power source. Typical power sources will be from automotive 12 V or 24 V battery systems. The NI 9758 can accept power from 7 V to 32 V. The NI 9758 requires a maximum of 100 mA from an external power supply. When actuators and injectors are connected to and powered from the same power supply as the NI 9758, a battery or power supply capable of 10 A continuous output will be required under a full load. The NI 9758 requires both external power and power from the CompactRIO backplane. The high current path is directed through the BATT and GND terminals on the front of the NI 9758, not through the HD15 backplane connector. Note ...
Fuel injectors last a long time but, like everything else, are eventually subject to failure. The can fail in various ways, some of which can be fixed and others not. Just to give you and idea of the kind of tests and service injectors normally get by a professional, here is a list of things that were reported when I sent mine out for cleaning and testing in 1999, for $20 each (a unit of measure or the qualitative assessment indicators used is given in parentheses): • Flow for an equivalent of 15 seconds continuous operation (CC), before and after cleaning. Rate of flow is critical because the ECU depends upon the specified flow during an energizing pulse of particular duration. Since injectors are designed for pulsed rather than continuous operation they are tested by pulsing, but the results are expressed in terms of "equivalent continuous operation." Dirty injectors have lower flow rates. In my case flow rate went up by about 10% or more due to cleaning. • Leaks (OK or Leaks), before and after cleaning. Leakage can be either through the tip or internal. Tip leakage is caused by the valve not closing completely, perhaps due to dirt particles at the seat, which can't be seen without removing the injector from the car. Sometimes cleaning will resolve tip leaks. Internal leaks are when the casing breaks or something so that fuel goes where it shouldn't be. Sometimes this results in visible leakage from the plastic part of the injector body, so they can be seen without removing the injector. However, the testers rejected two of my injectors for internal leakage and I don't remember seeing any external signs, so I don't fully understand this failure mode. At any rate, cleaning won't fix this. • Spray pattern (OK, stringy, or plugged), before and after cleaning. Even if the flow rate is OK and there are no leaks an injector can develop a poor spray pattern, possible affecting combustion. I have heard of shops servicing the racers that give actual spray patterns recorded on a blotter for each injector. The service I used only say OK, Stringy, or Plugged. Four of my 12 went from Stringy to OK after cleaning. • Coil resistance (Ohms), cool and hot. The resistance of the solenoid coil is one measure of electrical soundness of an injector. I don't know everything that can happen in this category, but coil burn out is possible I suppose, in which case the resistance would be infinite. Perhaps internal leakage could result in corrosion, ...
Climate change is fundamentally a risk management problem. Whether or not you agree with the 97 percent expert consensus on human-caused global warming, there is an undeniable risk that the consensus is correct and that we're causing dangerously rapid climate change.
Corliss Group Online Financial Mag Hong Kong 5 Can’t Miss Investing Stories Last Week Let the good times roll! The S&P/TSX Composite Index (TSX:^OSPTX) continued its month-long winning streak last week with the equity gauge nearing a three-year high. However, there were a number of important corporate reports for investors to shift through as well. Here are the top five can’t-miss headlines from the past week. 1. BlackBerry signals shift to enterprise Shares of BlackBerry (TSX:BB)(NYSE:BBRY) rallied this week, up almost 8%, after a series of interesting product announcements. New Chief Executive John Chen unveiled several new initiatives at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona including a new Q20 model that brings back its “classic” keyboard and a cheaper Z3 BlackBerry that will cost under US$200. The company is also releasing BBM for enterprise users and revamping its BlackBerry Enterprise Server. These new initiatives suggest that Mr. Chen’s focus is squarely on the corporate
Nutrient Solution Formulation for Hydroponic (Perlite, Rockwool, NFT) Tomatoes in Florida1 George J. Hochmuth and Robert C. Hochmuth2 Plants require 16 elements for growth and these nutrients can be supplied from air, water, and fertilizers. The 16 elements are carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), nitrogen (N), sulfur (S), calcium (Ca), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), boron (B), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), molybdenum (Mo), and chlorine (Cl). The key to successful management of a fertilizer program is to ensure adequate concentrations of all nutrients throughout the life cycle of the crop. Inadequate or excessive amounts of any nutrient result in poor crop performance. Excessive amounts can be especially troublesome since they can damage the crop, waste money and fertilizer resources, and pollute the environment when fertilizer is released during flushing of the nutrient delivery system. problem comes early in the season when plants become too vegetative (bullish) from too much N. The bullish growth distorts the leaves and stems, causing cracks and grooves in the stems. These openings are excellent entry ports for decay-causing organisms such as soft rot. Bullish plants usually produce misshapen fruits often with significant amounts of blossom-end rot and cat-facing. Keeping the N level low (60 to 70 parts per million) early in the season helps eliminate bullishness. For Florida greenhouse vegetable producers, management focuses on all nutrients except for C, H, and O. The latter three elements are usually supplied in adequate amounts from air and water. Growers in northern climates, where greenhouses are not ventilated in the winter, see benefits from additions of C from carbon dioxide (CO2). Increased yields in Florida from additions of CO2 are unlikely due to the need for frequent ventilation. Nutrient management programs should begin with an understanding of the nutrient solution concentrations in parts per million (ppm) for the various nutrients required by tomato plants. By managing the concentrations of individual nutrients, growers can control the growth and yield of the crop. Table 1 presents the fertilizer recommendations for tomatoes for the various growth stages during the season in Florida. These recommendations are applicable to all types of production systems (perlite, rockwool, and NFT) in which healthy roots are maintained, and are a suitable base when determining a nutrient solution plan for cucumbers and peppers. However, cucumbers will need more N early in the season than tomato.