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2007 ford edge spark plug replacement procedure


Vinyl windows are a great replacement option because they are easy to install. Moreover these widows prove to be energy efficient fixtures that regulate the room temperature well as well as are a cost effective interior decor option.

Grinding Machines
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Pedestal Grinder A Pedestal Grinder is primarily used in Design & Technology for heavy general purpose grinding operations. Grinding is the process of removing material by the cutting action of the countless hard and sharp abrasive particles of a revolving grinding wheel as they come in contact with the surface to be ground. The grinding wheels are held between two flanged disks. Usually a roughing or coarse-grained wheel is mounted on one end of the spindle and a fine wheel on the other. A tool rest is provided for each wheel so that the work piece may be held or steadied while being ground. The operator is protected against flying abrasive particles and ground material by the wheel guards and spark arrestors, which are integral parts of a machine. Safety glass shields are also provided for additional protection. WARNING The main types of injury are caused by: • Entanglement of hair or clothing in rotating machinery parts. • Fingers being caught between grinder wheel and work rest. • Sparks or worn abrasive may be thrown by the grinding action. • Body parts coming into contact with abrasive wheel. • Ejected material or disintegrated abrasive wheel. • Hot metal. Acknowledgment

Rhode Island College Anchor Notes - Rhode Island College Athletics

Rhode Island College Anchor Notes The Official Newsletter of Rhode Island College Intercollegiate Athletics Vol. VIII No. 4 Providence, Rhode Island Spring Review/Summer Preview June, 2007 Anchor Club Golf Day Set for July 16 The seventh Annual Anchor Club Golf Day is taking place July 16th at Pawtucket Country Club. This event will be a great opportunity to reunite with fellow Anchor faithful and celebrate the past and the future of RIC Athletics - foursomes are still available! For more information on attending, or if you are interested in being a sponsor for this event contact Tim McCabe at 401-456-8260 or see the brochure at athletics/index.html. The cost is $165 per golfer, which includes green fees with a “play your own ball” format, lunch, gifts, dinner stations and a social hour. Lunch and registration begin at 11:30 a.m. followed by a shotgun start at 12:45 p.m. A reception with food stations will be held after at 6:30 p.m. with prizes and raffles at 7 p.m. This is one you don’t want to miss! Register today.

JANE WILLIAMS - Rhode Island College
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JANE WILLIAMS, PhD, RN Dean and Professor of Nursing School of Nursing, Rhode Island College 600 Mt. Pleasant Avenue, Providence, RI 02908 TEL: 401 456-9608: FAX: 401 456-8206 Email: CURRENT EMPLOYMENT Rhode Island College, Dean and Professor of Nursing, School of Nursing, 1975-present; initial appointment as assistant professor, 1975; appointed Professor, 1995, Department Chairperson, 2000, and Dean, 2007. EDUCATION University of Rhode Island, College of Nursing, Kingston, Rhode Island, Ph.D., Nursing, 1995. New York University, School of Education, New York, New York, M.A., Major in Education and Minor in Nursing, 1968; University of Michigan, School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, Michigan, B.S.N. with Distinction, 1966. PUBLICATIONS Williams, J., Brumbaugh, M. & Vares, L., (2006), “Education to improve interdisciplinary practice of health care professionals: A pilot project”, Medicine & Health, Rhode Island, 89 (9), p. 312-313. Mosser, N., Williams, J. & Wood, C. (2006), “The use of progression testing throughout nursing programs: How two colleges promote success on NCLEX-RN”. Annual Review of Nursing Education. Vol.4, p. 305-319. Newman, M. and Williams, J. (2003) "Educating Nurses in Rhode Island: A lot of diversity in a little place", Journal of Cultural Diversity, Vol. 10, No. 3, p. 91-95. Williams, J., (2001) “The Clinical Notebook: Using Student Portfolios to Enhance Teaching and Learning, Journal of Nursing Education. Vol. 40, p. 135-137. Ferszt, G., Massotti, E., Miller, J. & Williams, J. (2000) “Art on Rounds: Research Study of an in-patient oncology unit”, Illness Crisis and Loss. Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 189-199. Williams, J. (1999) “When Interns Meet Managed Care” [Letter to the Editor]. New York Times, p. 30A. Williams, J., Wood, C., & Cunningham-Warburton, P. (1999) “A Narrative Study of Chemotherapy-Induced Alopecia”. Oncology Nursing Forum. Vol. 26, pp. 1463-1468. Willliams, J. (1999) “Health Policy Tool Kit Helps Students to Get Involved”. ONS Newsletter, 14 (9) p 5.

Vacuum Brake Booster Testing and Diagnosis.pdf

Vacuum Brake Booster Testing and Diagnosis Vacuum Brake Booster Testing and Diagnosis This procedure will require the use of a hand operated vacuum pump with a vacuum gauge. If you do not own one it can often be rented or borrowed from most “big box” parts stores. (Note: 18”HG is the minimum engine vacuum at idle in gear to effectively operate a vacuum booster 1) Remove vacuum hose from check valve on booster. Place hose from vacuum pump onto check valve and draw booster to 20” of vacuum. 2) Let booster sit with vacuum applied for 5 minutes. If vacuum does not stay steady at 20” it is faulty and needs to be replaced. If vacuum does hold steady at 20” proceed to step 3. 3) With 20” of vacuum in booster depress brake pedal once and release it. The booster should transfer some but not the entire vacuum in reserve. Depending on how hard the pedal is depressed it is normal to see 5-10” of vacuum depleted from reserve. The most important thing is to ensure the booster does transfer vacuum but does NOT transfer the entire vacuum in its reserve. If vacuum remains at 20” OR goes to zero the booster is bad and will need to be replaced. If vacuum transfer is within the above parameter proceed to step 4. 4) Once again draw booster down to 20” of vacuum. Go inside car and depress brake pedal and hold down for 30 seconds. You should see the gauge drop slightly and then hold steady. Vacuum should stay steady as long as you are holding the pedal down. If vacuum drops while pedal is being held down the booster is faulty and will need to be replaced.

Introduction to Brake Systems – Study Guide

Introduction Everybody knows that when you press your foot on the brake pedal the vehicle is supposed to stop. But how does the pressure from your foot get to the wheels with enough force to stop a heavy vehicle? In the following sections, we will study the systems and components required to allow brakes to work effectively. Course Objectives Upon completion of this course, technicians should understand and be able to apply their knowledge of: • • • • • • • • • • • • Brake functions and components Split hydraulic systems Master cylinder operations Balance control systems Power brake booster systems Disc brake operation Micrometer reading Drum brake operation Brake fluids Brake bleeding operations Brake lines and hoses Basic diagnosis Using the Job Sheets As you proceed through the online module, on some pages you will find links that will open a window with a printable procedure or job sheet containing hands-on lab activities based on the NATEF standards related to the content you are studying. When you come upon a procedure or job sheet link, click on it and print the job sheet for completion in the shop. See your instructor for guidance in completing the job sheets. Some jobs sheets will require supplemental materials such as a vehicle service manual, equipment manual, or other references. Brake System Functions Automotive brakes are designed to slow and stop a vehicle by transforming kinetic (motion) energy into heat energy. As the brake linings contact the drums/rotors they create friction which produces the heat energy. The intensity of the heat is proportional to the vehicle speed, the weight of the vehicle, and the quickness of the stop. Faster speeds, heavier vehicles, and quicker stops equal more heat. Automotive brake systems can be broken down into several different sub-systems (fig. 1): • Apply system • Boost system • Hydraulic system • Wheel brakes • Balance control system • Warning system (fig. 1) Base Brake Systems .

Drive Line / Universal
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– Drivelines and Universal Joints Universal Joint Maintenance • Most factory-installed universal joints are sealed and don’t require periodic lubrication • After-market replacement joints are equipped with a grease fitting and must be greased periodically Drive Shaft Problem Diagnosis • Road testing – Vehicle should be driven while accelerating and decelerating as well as at various steady speeds – Vibrations caused by worn U-joints usually occur while accelerating Types and Causes of Vibrations • High speed vibrations – Usually caused by driveshaft imbalance • Vibrations during acceleration – Usually caused by worn double Cardan joint ball and socket • Low speed vibrations – Usually caused by improper operating angles Noise Diagnosis • Clunking noise while accelerating from a dead stop – Usually caused by worn or damaged U-joint – Can be caused by problems including excessive clearance between slip joint and extension housing • Squeaking noise – Often caused by worn or poorly lubricated U-joint Reasons for Universal Joint Failure • Lack of lubrication • Pushing another car • Towing a trailer • Changing gears abruptly • Carrying heavy loads Steps in Lubricating U-Joints 1. Wipe off the nozzle of the fitting 2. Attach the hose of the grease gun to the fitting 3. Pump grease slowly into the fitting 4. Stop pumping when grease appears at the bearing cups Inspecting the Drive Shaft • Check for fluid leaks • Check the U-joints for signs of rust or leakage • Check for movement in the joint while trying to turn the yoke and the shaft in opposite directions • Check the drive shaft for dents, missing weights, and undercoating or dirt...


M10_BIRC4058_05_SE_C10.QXD 3/30/07 Chapter 10:52 AM Page 255 10 DRIVESHAFT AND UNIVERSAL JOINT SERVICE OBJECTIVES After studying Chapter 10, the reader should be able to: 1. Perform the maintenance operations needed to keep a driveshaft operating properly. 2. Diagnose the cause of common FWD driveshaft problems. 3. Recommend the proper driveshaft repair procedure. 4.Correct RWD U-joint angularity and driveshaft balance problems. 5.Remove and replace FWD and RWD driveshafts. 6.Disassemble, inspect, and reassemble the common U-joints. 7.Make normal U-joint and CV joint repairs. 8.Complete the ASE tasks for content area D, Driveshaft and Universal/Constant-Velocity Diagnosis and Repair. KEY TERMS Antilock braking system (ABS) (p. 274) Balancing (p. 268) Grease spray (p. 258) Level protractor (p. 267) Phasing (p. 265) Plug-in connection (p. 272) Reluctor (p. 274) Runout (p. 262) 46106...

XT100-08am Driveshaft Vibration.pdf - - Jaguar ...

X-TYPE DATE 05/04 Amended 09/04 XT100-08 TECHNICAL BULLETIN SERVICE Driveshaft Vibration – Diagnostic Method – Repair MODEL 2002-04 MY X-TYPE VIN C00001-E02938 Remove and destroy Bulletin XT100-08, dated 05/04. Replace with this Bulletin. Revisions are marked with a bar and in bold text. Issue: A new procedure has been developed for use after the WDS Vehicle Vibration Analyzer (VVA) has confirmed a vehicle vibration. Action: After a driveshaft vibration has been confirmed using WDS VVA, follow the workshop procedure outlined below. WORKSHOP PROCEDURE Note: There is no Labor Time Allowance to carry out road test diagnosis. Jaguar recommends a claim of 0.50 hrs. as straight time for VVA. Warning: Driveshaft bolts are one-time use only. Use new bolts for the final repair. Existing bolts may be reused throughout the diagnostic procedures. Raise vehicle on twin-post lift. Check for alignment of the green line on the rear differential flange with white paint spot on the rear of the driveshaft. If not aligned continue from step 3; if aligned continue from step 16. Remove the rear driveshaft joint to rear differential flange bolts and links where accessible. Rotate the driveshaft and remove the remaining rear driveshaft joint to rear differential flange securing bolts and links. Displace driveshaft from the rear differential flange. Remove and discard the gasket from the rear differential flange (where installed). Clean the mating faces. Install a new gasket to the rear differential flange, if previously installed. NOTE: THE INFORMATION IN TECHNICAL BULLETINS IS INTENDED FOR USE BY TRAINED, PROFESSIONAL TECHNICIANS WITH THE KNOWLEDGE, TOOLS, AND EQUIPMENT TO DO THE JOB PROPERLY AND SAFELY. IT INFORMS THESE TECHNICIANS OF CONDITIONS THAT MAY OCCUR ON SOME VEHICLES, OR PROVIDES INFORMATION THAT COULD ASSIST IN PROPER VEHICLE SERVICE. THE PROCEDURES SHOULD NOT BE PERFORMED BY “DO-ITYOURSELFERS.” DO NOT ASSUME THAT A CONDITION DESCRIBED AFFECTS YOUR CAR. CONTACT A JAGUAR RETAILER TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE BULLETIN APPLIES TO YOUR VEHICLE. Date of issue 05/04 Amended 09/04

How to Diagnose Vibrations
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Vibration Diagnostics S tart 1 Gather Info When did vibration start? Where is vibration felt? What road conditions? Under load or high torque conditions? During acceleration/deceleration? Speed dependent? RPM dependent? Noise? Suspension modified recently? Lube clean and at proper level? 2 Important: Use factory service manuals and procedures and refer to all applicable safety precautions when servicing vehicles. This document is intended to assist with drivetrain vibration diagnosis. It does not guarantee an immediate solution nor does it guarantee warranty responsibility or reimbursement. Refer to for Product Warranty Statements, Warranty Manual, and Warranty Guidelines. 6 Vibrations While Stationary Previous work on clutch or engine Y es In the road test in Step 2, the vehicle was run up to the suspected RPM and the transmission shift lever was placed in neutral. No Y es No If clutch work recently done, problem could be related to the clutch. Verify proper clutch was installed. If engine work recently done, problem could be related to the engine. Contact your engine distributor. 4 No Problem is related to the clutch. Road Test Have vehicle driver recreate complaint condition, if possible Leave trailer attached Run up to suspected RPM and put transmission in neutral Simulate Conditions Speed Related? Y es Does ride height meet OEM specs Y es No No Perform visual inspection and use Eaton Driveline Angle Analyzer (DAA). U-joint bearing cups and trunnions Bearing straps Flange yoke / companion flange Yoke-mounted damper Parking brake Center bearing Fasteners Driveshaft for damage / missing weights Driveshaft slip spline (wear / bottoming / inadequate engagement) Cab mounts / air ride system Correct per OEM procedures. Speed RPM Gear Position Coast Under power Loaded / Unloaded Problem Solved No Remove all drive axle shafts and lock in power divider. Run truck in same condition as when complaint occurred. Y es Done! Problem Solved Isolate Suspect Shaft No Y es Problem is related to the wheel end. Take known good wheel assembly and test replacement from wheel to wheel to isolate problem.

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