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Cattle suffering with plastic foreign body syndrome were treated surgically by rumenotomy. The pre-operative and 12 th day post operative blood and serum biochemical were recorded and compared with normal healthy cattle. Preoperatively decrease in haemoglobin, packed cell volume and total erythrocyte count was observed which was gradually increased and came to near normal state on 12 th post-operative day. There was leucocytosis, neutrophilia and corresponding lymphopenia observed in animals during pre-operative phase. The glucose, serum creatinine, serum albumin and calcium levels were found to be at lower level and total proteins, blood urea nitrogen and phosphorus at higher level in pre-operative period when compared to normal cattle. This may be due to low intake of food and water and also inflammatory condition in body due to presence of plastic foreign body.
This research work was carried out to investigate the proximate and mineral composition of some traditional vegetables in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. These vegetables include: Talinum triangulare, Hensia crinita, Cucurbita maxima and Lasianthera africana. The vegetables were washed in potable water to remove unwanted matters and were analyzed for proximate and mineral content. All analyses were carried out in three replicates and the mean data were presented on tables using the spread sheet Microsoft Excel. Talinum triangulare had the highest protein content (56.72%) and moisture content (80.11%) but had the lowest content of ash (6.31%), crude fibre (2.96%) and carbohydrate (6.91%). Ash and crude fibre were present in low quantities in Talinum triangulare, Hensia crinita, and Lasianthera africana, except Cucurbita maxima which had the highest composition of ash (14.06%) and crude fibre (9.37%). Mineral composition (Potassium (K), Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg) and
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Pampa River is the third longest river in the South Indian state of Kerala. The river is one of the most stressed rivers in Kerala .Water quality of Chengannur segment of Pampa River was determined based on Physical parameters such as TDS,Turbidity,Temperature and Conductivity followed by water quality index. Three study sites were selected. Mean with standard deviation were taken. Two way ANOVA was conducted. The water quality index (WqI) was calculated. The quality index was84 forTDS and 98 forTurbidity during premonsoon and summer . The study shows that water in the Chengannur segment of Pampa river is of moderate quality
Genetic improvement to produce seedless watermelon offers high quality fruits. This paper describes about problems related with tetraploid seed germination, various seed treatment to improve tetraploid seed germination and the morphological variations observed between the tetraploid and diploid seeds. Diploid watermelon seeds of three genetic backgrounds were treated with colchicine (0.2, 0.3 and 0.4%) and PEG (0.5%) as an adjuvent. Polyploid watermelon seeds have poor germination and low seedling vigor mainly due to thick seed coat and seed coat adherence to emerged cotyledons. In order to enhance the germination, the tetraploid seeds were subjected to five different seed treatments i.e; acid scarification, GA3 treatment, humidification, mechanical scarification and water soaking for 48hrs. Among the various treatments tested, maximum germination was recorded in the seeds subjected to water soaking for 48 hrs in all the three varieties.
Guava leaves have been used to treat cough and pulmonary diseases; they have also served as anti inflammatory and haemostatic agent in china. This work is therefore aimed at investigating the effects of guava leaf extract on the liver enzymes of adult wistar rats. Twenty apparently healthy wistar rats were used for this study. They were allocated into four groups (A, B, C & D) of five animals each. Group A served as the control and was orally administered with 0.5ml of distilled water; the experimental groups B, C, & D were orally administered 250mg/kg, 500mg/kg and 750mg/kg of guava leaf extract respectively for fourteen days. Twenty four hours after the last administration, the animals were dissected. Blood for serum preparation were collected through cardiac puncture. The activities of serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphotase (ALP) were determined using randox kit method.
wastewater is the harmful for the surroundings and it is released from commercial, domestic or public waste materials, the wastewater treatment companies needs to take care of wastewater.water treatment plant is also known as sewage treatment plant. there are many procedure of waste water treatment that are categorized in different groups. The main purpose of water treatment companies is to prepare chemical method which help to remove waste products form water for its purification.Aqua pristine are well known supplier and manufacturer of sewage treatment plant. we have professionally water treatment experts which specialist in water purification system.we set up wastewater and sewage treatment plant for different types industries.
This paper assesses the net welfare associated with the adoption of Bench Terraces (BT), Contour Bunds (CB), and Napier Grass Strips (NGS) in the Saba Saba sub-catchment of the Upper Tana catchment in Kenya. An agro-economic survey and informal interviews were conducted in the Saba Saba sub-catchment to elicit farm level quantitative data for the Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA). Financial functions in excel were used to analyze the on-site costs and benefits of adopting the identified SWC technologies on farms with crops such as maize, coffee, and tea. In this research CBA was used as a decision tool after the computation of all cost and benefits were valued in local currency to obtain the Net Present Value (NPV) or net welfare. The results show that investment in SWC measures may not be a feasible short-term option from farmers’ perspective. There is, therefore, a strong case for intervention, especially in the initial years where SWC adoption yields negative returns.
Cholistan is locally known as Rohi.This famous desert is 30 km from Bahawalpur. East of Bahawalpur is the Cholistan Desert which covers an area of about 15,000 km and extends into the Thar Desert of India. The region was once watered by the Hakra River, known as the Saravati in vedic times. At one time there were 400 forts in the area and archaeological finds around the Derawar Fort, the only place with a perennial waterhole, indicate that it was contemporaneous with the Indus Valley Civilization. The average annual rainfall is only 12 cm, and the area's scant cultivation is made possible by underground wells, drawn up by camels. The water is stored in troughs, built by the tribes, between sandhills and din waterholes called tobas. The people are racially similar to those in Rajasthan - tall, with sharp features. They live in large, round, mud and grass huts, usually built on the top of sandhills. On the whole, they are pastoral and nomadic.The word Cholistan is derived f
Primary productivity and selected relevant associated physico-chemical parameters in the euphotic zone of Lagos Harbour, a tropical Harbour was monitored at NIOMR Jetty station (Latitude 6º 25 ´ 14, 88º N, Longitude 3º 24´ 24, 42º E) on a monthly basis from October, 2012 to March, 2013. Air and surface water temperature ranged from 23.5⁰C to 28⁰C and between 27 ⁰C and 30⁰C respectively. Alkaline pH ranged (7.81 to 8.45). Brackish salinity varied from 6.2 to 35.4PSU while Electrical conductivity minimum and maximum values were 11200 and 53300µS/cm respectively. Moderate dissolved oxygen ranged between 5.0mg/l and 6.4mg/l, slightly lower than 6.8mg/l standard suggested by FEPA. Total dissolved solid ranged from 7504 to 35711mg/l while Low Alkalinity varied between 12 and 20mg/l. Rainfall minimum and maximum values were 8.8 and 229mm respectively. Gross primary production (GPP) varied from 0.22 to 0.46gC/m 2 /day. The corresponding Net primary production (NPP)