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Description The QRD1113 and QRD1114 reflective sensors consist of an infrared emitting diode and an NPN silicon phototransistor mounted side by side in a black plastic housing. The on-axis radiation of the emitter and the on-axis response of the detector are both perpendicular to the face of the QRD1113 and QRD1114. The phototransistor responds to radiation emitted from the diode only when a reflective object or surface is in the field of view of the detector. Phototransistor Output No-Contact Surface Sensing Unfocused for Sensing Diffused Surfaces Compact Package Daylight Filter on sensor Schematic 2 3 1 4 PIN 1. Collector PIN 3. Anode PIN 2. Emitter PIN 4. Cathode Ordering Information Part Number QRD1113 QRD1114 Operating Temperature -40 to +85°C © 2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation QRD1113 / QRD1114 Rev. 1.2.0 Package Top Mark Packing Method Custom 4L QRD1113 Bulk Custom 4L QRD1114 Bulk www.fairchildsemi.com 1 QRD1113 / QRD1114 — Reflective Object Sensor June 2013 Stresses exceeding the absolute maximum ratings may damage the device. The device may not function or be operable above the recommended operating conditions and stressing the parts to these levels is not recommended. In addition, extended exposure to stresses above the recommended operating conditions may affect device reliability. The absolute maximum ratings are stress ratings only. Values are at TA = 25°C unless otherwise specified. Symbol Parameter Min. TOPR Operating Temperature TSTG Storage Temperature TSOL-I Lead Temperature (Solder Iron)(1,2,3) 240 for 5 s TSOL-F Lead Temperature (Solder Flow)(1,2) Unit -40 to +85 260 for 10 s -40 to + 100 °C EMMITER IF Continuous Forward Current 50 mA VR Reverse Voltage 5 V PD Power Dissipation 100 mW VCEO Collector-Emitter Voltage 30 VECO Emitter-Collector Voltage SEMSOR PD V V Power Dissipation(4) 100 mW
GP2D120 Optoelectronic Device FEATURES • Analog output • Effective range: 4 to 30 cm • Typical response time: 39 ms 1 2 3 • Typical start up delay: 44 ms • Average Current Consumption: 33 mA DESCRIPTION PIN SIGNAL NAME The GP2D120 is a distance measuring sensor with integrated signal processing and analog voltage output. 1 VO 2 GND 3 VCC GP2D120-8 Figure 1. Pinout GND VCC PSD SIGNAL PROCESSING CIRCUIT VOLTAGE REGULATOR OSCILLATOR CIRCUIT OUTPUT CIRCUIT LED DRIVE CIRCUIT Vo LED MEASURING DISTANCE IC GP2D120-4 Figure 2. Block Diagram 1 Data Sheet GP2D120 ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS Absolute Maximum Ratings Ta = 25°C, VCC = 5 VDC PARAMETER SYMBOL RATING UNIT Supply Voltage VCC -0.3 to +7 V Output Terminal Voltage VO -0.3 to (VCC +0.3) V Operating Temperature Topr -10 to +60 °C Storage Temperature Tstg -40 to +70 °C Operating Supply Voltage PARAMETER SYMBOL RATING UNIT Operating Supply Voltage VCC 4.5 to 5.5 V Electro-optical Characteristics Ta = 25°C, VCC = 5 VDC PARAMETER SYMBOL Measuring Distance Range ΔL Output Terminal Voltage VO CONDITIONS MIN. TYP. MAX. UNIT NOTES 4 — 30 cm 1, 2 L = 30 cm...
PEMBAHASAN DAN KUNCI JAWABAN GEOGRAFI KELAS XII PAKET B 1. Berdasarkan soal nomor 1 a. Konsep aglomerasi adalah merupakan gabungan, kumpulan, 2 atau lebih pusat kegiatan dalam 1 lokasi/kawasan terterntu seperti kawasan industri, pemukiman, perdagangan, dsb. b. Konsep morfologi menjelaskan kenampakan bentuk-bentuk muka bumi, seperti dataran rendah, lereng, bukit/dataran tinggi. c. Konsep pola menitik beratkan pada pola keruangan baik fisik maupun sosialnya seperti pola permukiman penduduk, pola aliran sungai, dsb. d. Konsep lokasi mengkaji letak suatu objek dipermukaan bumi. Pada konsep ini utamanya dalam menjawab pertanyaan dimana (where). e. Konsep ketergantungan adalah konsep yang menunjukkan keterkaitan keruangan antar wilayah akibat adanya perbedaan potensi antar wilayah. Seperti keterkaitan antara desa dengan kota. Kunci jawaban D 2. Prinsip-prinsip geografi ada 4 a. Prinsip deskripsi, merupakan penjelasan lebih jauh mengenai gejala-gejala yang diselidiki/dipelajari. Deskripsi disajikan dalam bentuk tulisan, diagram tabel/gambar/peta. b. Prinsip korologi, merupakan gejala, fakta/masalah geografi disuatu tempat yang ditinjau dari sebaran, interelasi, interaksi, dan integrasinya dalam ruang. c. Prinsip persebaran, merupakan suatu gejala dan fakta yang tersebar tidak merata dipermukaan bumi. d. Prinsip interelasi, merupakan suatu hubungan yang saling terkait dalam ruang antara gejala yang 1 dengan gejala lain. e. Prinsip distribusi, merupakan suatu gejala dan fakta yang tidak merata dipermukaan bumi.
1. Introduction The design of the All Digital FM Receiver circuit in this project uses Phase Locked Loop (PLL) as the main core. The task of the PLL is to maintain coherence between the input (modulated) signal frequency, ωi and the respective output frequency, ωo via phase comparison. This self-correcting ability of the system also allows the PLL to track the frequency changes of the input signal once it is locked. Frequency modulated input signal is assumed as a series of numerical values (digital signal) via 8-bit of analog to digital conversion (ADC) circuit. The FM Receiver gets the 8 bit signal every clock cycle and outputs the demodulated signal. The All Digital FM Receiver circuit is designed using VHDL, then simulated and synthesized using ModelSim SE 6 simulator and Xilinx ISE 6.3i, respectively. FPGA implementation also provided, here we use Virtex2 device. The real measurement is done using ChipScope Pro 6.3i. 2. Architecture Description The system of All Digital FM Receiver consists of a digital PLL cascaded with digital low pass filter. The block diagram of system is shown in Fig. 1.
LM3089 FM Receiver IF System Y General Description The LM3089 has been designed to provide all the major functions required for modern FM IF designs of automotive high-fidelity and communications receivers Y Features Y Y Y Three stage IF amplifier limiter provides 12 mV (typ) b 3 dB limiting sensitivity Balanced product detector and audio amplifier provide 400 mV (typ) of recovered audio with distortion as low as 0 1% with proper external coil designs Y Y Four internal carrier level detectors provide delayed AGC signal to tuner IF level meter drive current and interchannel mute control AFC amplifier provides AFC current for tuner and or center tuning meters Improved operating and temperature performance especially when using high Q quadrature coils in narrow band FM communications receivers No mute circuit latchup problems A direct replacement for CA3089E Connection Diagram Dual-In-Line Package TL H 7149 – 2 Top View Order Number LM3089N See NS Package Number N16E C1995 National Semiconductor Corporation TL H 7149 RRD-B30M115 Printed in U S A LM3089 FM Receiver IF System September 1992 Toko America 1250 Feehanville Drive Mount Prospect IL 60056 (312) 297-0070 TL H 7149 – 1
LM3089 FM Receiver IF System Literature Number: SNOSBQ6A LM3089 FM Receiver IF System The LM3089 has been designed to provide all the major functions required for modern FM IF designs of automotive high-fidelity and communications receivers Y Features Y Y Y Three stage IF amplifier limiter provides 12 mV (typ) b 3 dB limiting sensitivity Balanced product detector and audio amplifier provide 400 mV (typ) of recovered audio with distortion as low as 0 1% with proper external coil designs Y Y Four internal carrier level detectors provide delayed AGC signal to tuner IF level meter drive current and interchannel mute control AFC amplifier provides AFC current for tuner and or center tuning meters Improved operating and temperature performance especially when using high Q quadrature coils in narrow band FM communications receivers No mute circuit latchup problems A direct replacement for CA3089E Connection Diagram bs ol et Dual-In-Line Package e Y General Description TL H 7149 – 2 Top View O Order Number LM3089N See NS Package Number N16E C1995 National Semiconductor Corporation TL H 7149 RRD-B30M115 Printed in U S A LM3089 FM Receiver IF System
Company Backgrounder WowWee, an Optimal Group company (NASDAQ: OPMR), is a leading designer, developer, marketer and distributor of innovative hi-tech consumer robotic and entertainment products. The WowWee group of companies maintains operations in Hong Kong; La Jolla,Carlsbad, California; Montreal, Quebec; and New York. Evolution The introduction of WowWee’s Robosapien™ robot in 2004 revolutionized the way we interact with entertainment robotic companions. One of the most popular entertainment robots in the world, with global sales of more than 5 million units, the Robosapien robot was the first commercially-available biomorphic robot – a fusion of technology and personality. The Robosapien humanoid product line evolved to include the Robosapien V2 robot, launched in 2005, which added functionality, including speech capability; and the RS Media™ robot, launched in 2006 and featuring a complete multimedia experience, allowing users to create and edit functions. The next generation, the RS Tri-Bot™ robot, a three-wheeled personality-packed companion equipped with different play modes for hours of entertainment, launched in summer 2008. With a focus on the development of breakthrough consumer robotic and electronic products, WowWee...
How Do No-Spill™ Systems Work? Some Frequently Asked Questions About No-Spill™ Systems How do the drain plugs work? No-Spill Systems patented draining design has a stainless steel, spring-loaded valve inside the drain plug. This valve remains closed until No-Spill Systems patented drainer is attached to the drain plug. Once the drainer seals itself, the valve opens and the oil begins to drain through the hose. Do I need a drainer for every vehicle? No. The drainers are designed to fit all of the plugs within a series (i.e. one Large Straight Drainer fits all large bottom plugs in the Standard series). What series is correct for me? The series depends on the application, and style of draining. Standard plugs are common where clearance is not an issue. Compact plugs are used where clearance is a concern. Speed Click plugs are very popular with all sizes of fleets. Does any oil get left in the pan? No. No-Spill Systems plugs are designed to sit flush with the pan. Therefore, all of the oil is drained quickly and easily. Can I drain the oil hot? Absolutely. This is one of the main advantages of using No-Spill Systems. What if I can’t find a size? No-Spill Systems makes over 500 combinations of thread sizes and patterns. Please call us with your application, and we will find the size for you. Is there a minimum order amount? No. No-Spill Systems customers and dealers can order as few or as many plugs as are required. What are the Shipping Terms? Product is shipped FOB Origin. UPS Ground is the most common shipping method. How many of these drain plugs are in use? There are over 1,000,000 in use in North America. What are the plugs made of? The plugs are machined from solid brass bar stock. What is the warranty for the drain plugs?
Changing the sixth generation Corvette Oil Difficulty: 2 out of 5. Time required: Plan on about 1.5 hours taking your time. Tools required: Ramps, Floor jack, Jack stand(s), 13mm wrench or socket, Oil filter wrench, lifting puck, wheel stops, shop rag. Materials required: 1 compatible oil filter, 6 quarts of compatible oil. Capacities are 5.5 Quarts with a filter change for the non-Z51 and 6 quarts with a filter change on the cars with the RPO Z51. Recommended oil is Mobil 1 fully synthetic 5W-30 (GM spec 4718M). Recommended Oil filter is GM UPF44 (2005), UPF46 (2006) UPF48 (2007-2009) If you have access to a lift you can skip to step 6. If you are doing this at home without access to a lift continue to the photos below. Step 1. Get the car up in the air. I use a couple of 2x4’s and my rhino ramps. The 2x4’s will give enough clearance to get up on the Rhino ramps without deflecting the side air dams. Step 2. Get yourself a little more clearance on the driver’s side for easier access to the oil drain plug and filter. Once I have the car up on the ramps I take my floor jack and jacking puck and raise the drivers side further. Don’t forget to block the rear tires once you have the car up on the ramp. Step 3. Get yourself some extra room. Once the jack is in place and the car is up out of the way I will turn the ramp around so that you have easy access behind the tire. Step 4. Place a jack stand up front under the frame support and lower the car back down. Now that the car is lifted and safely supported you can begin the process of changing out the oil. Step 5. Place your oil pan under the drain plug. I like to use a piece of cardboard under the drain pan to collect any oil that may miss the pan during the process of removing the...
WIRING INFORMATION 1990 Mazda Miata WIRE 12V CONSTANT WIRE STARTER WIRE 12V IGNITION WIRE SECOND 12V IGNITION WIRE 12V ACCESSORY WIRE POWER DOOR LOCK POWER DOOR UNLOCK PARKING LIGHTS (+) PARKING LIGHTS (-) DOOR TRIGGER/DOME LIGHT SUPERVISION (-) TACHOMETER BRAKE WIRE (+) HORN TRIGGER (-) LEFT FRONT WINDOW UP LEFT FRONT WINDOW DOWN RIGHT FRONT WINDOW UP RIGHT FRONT WINDOW DOWN WIRING INFORMATION 1991 Mazda Miata WIRE 12V CONSTANT WIRE STARTER WIRE 12V IGNITION WIRE SECOND 12V IGNITION WIRE 12V ACCESSORY WIRE POWER DOOR LOCK POWER DOOR UNLOCK PARKING LIGHTS (+) PARKING LIGHTS (-) DOOR TRIGGER/DOME LIGHT SUPERVISION (-) TACHOMETER BRAKE WIRE (+) HORN TRIGGER (-) LEFT FRONT WINDOW UP LEFT FRONT WINDOW DOWN RIGHT FRONT WINDOW UP RIGHT FRONT WINDOW DOWN WIRING INFORMATION 1992 Mazda Miata WIRE 12V CONSTANT WIRE STARTER WIRE 12V IGNITION WIRE SECOND 12V IGNITION WIRE 12V ACCESSORY WIRE POWER DOOR LOCK POWER DOOR UNLOCK PARKING LIGHTS (+) PARKING LIGHTS (-) DOOR TRIGGER/DOME LIGHT SUPERVISION (-) TACHOMETER BRAKE WIRE (+)