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http://www.prudentialuniforms.com/services/uniforms-and-apparel/food-processing-haccp | HACCP is a management system to ensure food safety from harvest to consumption. Companies must take necessary steps to analyze and address risks from food storage, to employee uniforms, to handling procedures, in order to keep food free of contamination.
This paper examines the complex, often misunderstood, relationship between al-Qaeda, the Taliban and the various militant groups found in FATA (the Federally Administered Tribal Areas) in Pakistan, including the TTP (Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan). Much of what is commonly assumed about the Taliban, the TTP and al-Qaeda is based on misinformation, misunderstanding or a misrepresentation of historical events. The Taliban and alQaeda can in many ways be seen as sharing common values, although their ultimate goals remain very different. The Taliban were not part of the mujahedeen fighting against the Soviets in Afghanistan, and emerged only in 1994. Al-Qaeda, for all the conspiracy, did not receive money from the CIA during the 1980s, and was only officially formed as an organisation in 1988. The creation of the TTP in 2007 is another matter, and was created as an umbrella organisation for various Pakistani militant groups, and maintains close ties with al-Qaeda. However, the Pakistani Taliban is not the same Taliban as the one formed in 1994, and although it swears its loyalty to Mullah Omar, its goals differ from that of the Afghani Taliban. We can speak of al-Qaeda and the Taliban in two broad strokes – pre 9/11 and post 9/11. The attacks on the Twin Towers and the Pentagon (as well as the failed attack on Washington DC with the hijacked flight 93), was the culmination of al-Qaeda as a tightly knit, hierarchical organisation. The subsequent “War on Terror” and the invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001 destroyed much of its organisational capacity; it also left the Taliban severely weakened. However, they both regrouped in the FATA region over a period of years, and al-Qaeda spread its ideology throughout northern Pakistan, coalescing with militant groups and local warlords. Before 9/11, al-Qaeda and the Taliban were very much two different organisations; today, it is not so simple, and in 2010, General David Petreus claimed that there is “a symbiotic relationship between all of these different organizations: al-Qaeda, the Pakistani Taliban, the Afghan Taliban ... They support each other, they coordinate with each other, sometimes they compete with each other, [and] sometimes they even fight each other.” (cfr, 2010, http://www.cfr.org).
Al Qaeda (AQ) has evolved into a significantly different terrorist organization than the one that perpetrated the September 11, 2001, attacks. At the time, Al Qaeda was composed mostly of a core cadre of veterans of the Afghan insurgency against the Soviet Union, with a centralized leadership structure made up mostly of Egyptians. Most of the organization’s plots either emanated from the top or were approved by the leadership. Some analysts describe pre-9/11 Al Qaeda as akin to a corporation, with Osama Bin Laden acting as an agile Chief Executive Officer issuing orders and soliciting ideas from subordinates. Some would argue that the Al Qaeda of that period no longer exists. Out of necessity, due to pressures from the security community, in the ensuing years it has transformed into a diffuse global network and philosophical movement composed of dispersed nodes with varying degrees of independence. The core leadership, headed by Bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri, is thought to live in the mountainous tribal belt of northwest Pakistan bordering Afghanistan, where it continues to train operatives, recruit, and disseminate propaganda. But Al Qaeda franchises or affiliated groups active in countries such as Yemen and Somalia now represent critical power centers in the larger movement. Some affiliates receive money, training, and weapons; others look to the core leadership in Pakistan for strategic guidance, theological justification, and a larger narrative of global struggle.
Why do the Islamic fundamentalists in general—and followers of al Qaeda in particular—resort to terrorist tactics against Americans and other Westerners around the globe? This question has haunted Americans since 9/11 and prompted a host of antiterrorist policies throughout the world. Much has been written and spoken on the subject, and more will be written and spoken in the years ahead. Political geography offers a frame of reference to learn about al Qaeda and other militant Islamic groups and their anti-West, anti–U.S. posture. To explore the point of view propounded by Osama bin Laden and others, this case study uses the ﬁve levels of analysis introduced in chapter three, examined here from a geopolitical perspective. The ﬁve levels of analysis are the: 1) international system, 2) regional, 3) state, 4) substate (tribal groups), and 5) individual. INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM LEVEL From the international system perspective, consider the following historical context of al Qaeda’s militant Islam. Militant Islamic fundamentalists and followers of Islam are heirs to one of the great civilizations of the world. While...
A l-Qa’ida seems to be on its heels. The death of Osama bin Laden and the fall of Arab dictators have left its leadership in disarray, its narrative confused, and the organization on the defensive. One silver lining for al-Qaida, however, has been its affiliate organizations. In Iraq, the Maghreb, Somalia, Yemen, and elsewhere, alQa’ida has used local groups to expand its reach, increase its power, and grow its numbers. This string of mergers is not over. In places as diverse as the Sinai Peninsula and Nigeria, al-Qa’ida-linked organizations are emerging. However, the jihadist world is more fractured than it may appear at first glance. Many Salafi-jihadist groups have not joined with al-Qa’ida, and even if they have, tensions and divisions occur that present the United States and its allies with opportunities for weakening the bond. at the same time, several Salafi-jihadist groups chose not to affiliate with al-Qa’ida, including Egypt’s Gamaat al-Islamiyya and Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG), and fighters in Chechnya, Gaza, and Pakistan maintained their distance as well. Motivations to the Affiliate for Joining There are a number of reasons why a group may choose to affiliate with al-Qa’ida, some practical, some ideological, and some personal: • • Al-Qa’ida has always been both a group with its own agenda and a facilitator of other terrorist groups. This meant that it not only carried out attacks on U.S. targets in Kenya, Tanzania, and Yemen throughout the 1990s, but it helped other jihadist groups with funding, training, and additional logistical essentials. Toward the end of the 1990s, alQa’ida incorporated Egyptian Islamic Jihad into its structure. After September 11, 2001, this process of deepening its relationship with outside groups took off, and today a number of regional groups bear the label “al-Qa’ida” in their name, along with a more local designation.
A Guide to Disassembling and Reassembling the XeDK. Written/Compiled By: Gamerfreak1727 Click to send comments. In this guide: ‧ How to disassemble a XeDK. An explanation to how the XeDK can accept foreign DVD drives without any modification. (Written by ConsoleFun) ‧ Replacing a laser in the DVD drive. ‧ Replacing the hard drive inside a XeDK’s sidecar. ‧ Appendix with proper model numbers for DVD laser repair, also including information for finding replacement Xbox 360 parts. Recommended Tools ‧ Xbox unlock kit. ‧ Paperclip (alternate to Xbox unlock kit.) ‧ Torx 10 screwdriver Torx 12 screwdriver (optional, for sidecar) ‧ Torx 15 screwdriver (optional, for sidecar) ‧ Phillips screwdriver ‧ Flat ended screwdriver (optional, for sidecar) ‧ Labels Read before proceeding! ‧ The Xbox 360 Development kit is a very fragile piece of equipment, take great care in every step, so you don’t break anything. – If you feel that you unable to accomplish any of these steps, then do not proceed with disassembling the XeDK ‧Always remember to ground yourself, so you don’t release harmful static into the system, and wind up frying the components. – You can protect your Xbox by using either an ESD wrist strap, or by continually touching the metal cage that the motherboard is housed in.
This project came about when trying to make a low cost autonomous robot for use in education. The idea being that students would be able to identify with the Xbox controller and enjoy hacking it into something far more interesting! The Concept: This was a concept to make a low cost autonomous programmable robot for education using low cost every day things that the students could identify with – ie. The Xbox Controller. There are of course several existing product in this market most notably the Lego NXT and the Vex Systems. Both of these allow users to build and program autonomous robots, but there are two key differences, 1) On the XBugBot the programming and the processor are not separate! 2) The price! The XBugBot can be build for around 1/10th of the cost of the competing products! The humble Xbox Controller. What is the Xbox controller? Well once connected to the PC it becomes a low cost wireless DAQ (Data Acquisition System), it has several digital inputs (Buttons) and several analogue inputs (Joy Sticks etc.), plus two motor control outputs (Vibration Motors). What can it become? - Meet XBugBot: Hack your Xbox Controller and add a couple of wheels and sensors and you get an XBugBot! How is it Controlled? Using the FlowStone graphical programming language from DSPRobotics: (www.dsprobotics.com ) FlowStone is an awesome teaching tool for science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) as is graphical so students can easily relate and understand it. Also the Xbox Controller is already pre-programmed into FlowStone so you can just use the Xbox Module and start programming your Bot. Programming and Processor:...
The Microsoft Xbox 360 is a stunning example of globalization and Globalization; the processes of both global interconnections (through production and access to the video game console) and also through the use of Globalization as a political buzz word (to generate an image of the Xbox 360 as the brand connecting users worldwide) (Sparke 2005a, 3). These two definitions of globalization; as a physical process of interconnections and as a political buzz word, can aid in understanding the systems at work when examining how Xbox is attempting to go 360. Microsoft’s Xbox as a technology can be seen as a computer with access to very specific content; all that is needed is the video game console and a connection to broadband Internet. When considering the qualifications to gain access to the Xbox 360 ‘experience,’ one must consider how to get an Internet connection and to the Xbox 360 console. While most citizens in the Xbox 360’s major markets, US, EU and Japan, may not consider these systems hard to obtain, many millions of people globally do not have the luxury of high-speed access to the Internet and the Xbox 360 console. Through understanding the impacts of creating a virtual community based on access to technology, which Microsoft states it hopes to do with the new Xbox 360 console, the inequality of the situation starts to be clarified. Introduction to Microsoft as a Global Company Microsoft is a well-known company in the computer software industry. It continues to expand to new markets with such assets as the Xbox and other offshoots of its original products. In the last two decades the company's large profits and dominance in general use computer software have propelled the company to an industry leader, if not the controller of a large monopoly with its Windows operating system and Office application products.
Xbox Red Light Issue $79. - PS3 Yellow Light issue $99 ... IPOD REPAIR SERVICE. IPod Video and IPod classic. Parts. Labor. Total. Audio Jack. 19. 29. $ 48. Game System Repair Service Nintendo Wii -Not reading games or drive issues -Any repair without replacing parts $49 -laser replacement $69 -drive replacement $89 Xbox 360 Regular -Not reading games or drive issues - Any repair without replacing parts $49 - Laser Replacement $69 - Drive replacement $89 -3 red lights, no video, e74, or any display issue - Motherboard Repair $79 Xbox 360 Slim -Not reading games or drive issue -Any repair without replacing parts $49 -laser replacement $79 -Drive replacement – will call with price PS3 -Not reading or drive issues -Any repair without replacing parts $49 -laser replacement $99 -Drive replacement – will call with price -red light or display issues -Motherboard repair $99 Any other issue PCW Computer will Call
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