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Hydroponics – Sustainable ... WHY HYDROPONICS: DO YOU KNOW. WHERE ... 1,400,000. 1,600,000. 1,800,000. 2,000,000. 1991. 2001. Cucumber. Tomato. Hydroponics – Sustainable st Century Agriculture for the 21 Richard Tyson University of Florida / Orange County Extension WHY HYDROPONICS: DO YOU KNOW WHERE YOUR FOOD COMES FROM ? LOCAL FOODS Food security Economic security Food safety Socially responsible Environmentally responsible The local foods movement - Lovavores Sourcing locally grown food is now just as important as sourcing organically grown foods – FreshPointe Regional Sales Manager, Orlando Homegrown Coop - Local Food Cooperative Local Harvest website http://www.localharvest.org/ Hydroponics : Definition • Growing plants without soil in a liquid or soilless media with a mineral nutrient solution
Nutrient Solution Formulation for Hydroponic (Perlite, Rockwool, NFT) Tomatoes in Florida1 George J. Hochmuth and Robert C. Hochmuth2 Plants require 16 elements for growth and these nutrients can be supplied from air, water, and fertilizers. The 16 elements are carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), nitrogen (N), sulfur (S), calcium (Ca), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), boron (B), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), molybdenum (Mo), and chlorine (Cl). The key to successful management of a fertilizer program is to ensure adequate concentrations of all nutrients throughout the life cycle of the crop. Inadequate or excessive amounts of any nutrient result in poor crop performance. Excessive amounts can be especially troublesome since they can damage the crop, waste money and fertilizer resources, and pollute the environment when fertilizer is released during flushing of the nutrient delivery system. problem comes early in the season when plants become too vegetative (bullish) from too much N. The bullish growth distorts the leaves and stems, causing cracks and grooves in the stems. These openings are excellent entry ports for decay-causing organisms such as soft rot. Bullish plants usually produce misshapen fruits often with significant amounts of blossom-end rot and cat-facing. Keeping the N level low (60 to 70 parts per million) early in the season helps eliminate bullishness. For Florida greenhouse vegetable producers, management focuses on all nutrients except for C, H, and O. The latter three elements are usually supplied in adequate amounts from air and water. Growers in northern climates, where greenhouses are not ventilated in the winter, see benefits from additions of C from carbon dioxide (CO2). Increased yields in Florida from additions of CO2 are unlikely due to the need for frequent ventilation. Nutrient management programs should begin with an understanding of the nutrient solution concentrations in parts per million (ppm) for the various nutrients required by tomato plants. By managing the concentrations of individual nutrients, growers can control the growth and yield of the crop. Table 1 presents the fertilizer recommendations for tomatoes for the various growth stages during the season in Florida. These recommendations are applicable to all types of production systems (perlite, rockwool, and NFT) in which healthy roots are maintained, and are a suitable base when determining a nutrient solution plan for cucumbers and peppers. However, cucumbers will need more N early in the season than tomato.
This wiring kit is designed for ease of installation. Please read the guidelines below, BEFORE STARTING your installation, to guarantee a successful job! Use an appropriate crimping tool which folds the crimp "wings" on the terminals as shown below. ALL TERMINALS THAT YOU INSTALL SHOULD BE PROPERLY SOLDERED. Our Hood & trunk lights Door jamb switches Custom battery cables Master disconnect switch High quality 100 amp alternators Terminals, connectors, grommets, light sockets Adjustable Fuel Warning Module Billet turn signal switch Neutral safety switch Glove box light LED lights ...AND MUCH MORE ! terminations. wire core end view of terminal OPTIONAL ACCESSORY KITS proper crimp of terminal STEP 1: DISCONNECT YOUR BATTERY : Disconnect the battery before installing the wiring kit to prevent any accidental shorting caused by loose bare wire ends. Brake Switch Brake Switch control Electric cooling fan relay kit p/n 500097 p/n 500145 Button type, 2 blade contact to operate brake lights Button type, 4 blade contact to operate brake lights and cruise p/n 500479 Kit with relay and wiring. STEP 2: START INSTALLING KIT: Neutral Safety switch (GM ) Universal Relay Kit p/n 500104 p/n 500142 GM TH400, TH350, 700R4. Use for any heavy duty application requiring a relay. Glove Box Kit Headlight Extension p/n 18000 Complete assembly with plunger switch. p/n CE57001 Complete OEM style headlight wiring with correct molded grommet for fender feed through. sheets visible through each bag. These letters are the order of operation for installing y our kit. Start with the bag letter "G", then "H", etc. The order of installation is shown below. G H J K L M N 500433 500436 500418 500533 500432 500417 500471 Dash Harness Kit Gauge Cluster Kit Engine Kit Park / Headlamp Connection Kit Front Light Kit Rear Body Kit Courtesy Light Connection Kit STEP 3: RECONNECT YOUR BATTERY: When you have completed the installation and are ready to reconnect the battery, make sure that the following electrical system grounds are in place: ...
EMERGENCY POWER KIT FOR CHEVROLET VOLT FEATURES: Utilizes 12V accessory power system of the Volt Provides backup power without needing to run the Volt’s gasoline engine* Includes all hardware and accessories designed specifically for the Volt No drilling or other modifications to the Volt are needed Quick disconnect system allows for easy connection of inverter Maximum Inverter Size supported: 1000W with 2000W surge. Installation Time: 30 minutes DESCRIPTION: The EVEX-1000W is a do-it-yourself** wiring kit to provide emergency backup power from your Chevrolet Volt. The kit is custom-designed for the Volt, to allow for a hidden installation with power connector access through the fuse box compartment on the left-side of the hatch storage area. The kit includes a fuse holder with fuse, heavy duty wires cut to length with soldered leads and pre-installed wire terminals, as well as a heavy duty connector set to allow quick connections to the inverter of your choice as needed. The kit is designed for a maximum inverter size of 1000W with 2000W surge. This maximum size is designed to work within the limits of the Volt’s 12V power electronics design. WHAT’S INCLUDED: Fuse holder and fuse, with heavy duty Velcro to secure holder 4AWG wiring for positive and negative 12V connections 8AWG wiring for chassis connection (required by some inverters) High current DC connector for quick inverter connect when emergency power is needed Step by step instruction manual for installation 1000W true sine wave inverter (optional, select when ordering) More details including frequently asked questions are available on our website. * The vehicle is required to be turned on for emergency back-up power. In most scenarios, the engine will not run, and the 12V system will get its power from the Volt’s high voltage traction battery. In some scenarios however, the engine may cycle on and off intermittently. This may occur if the high voltage traction battery is depleted, if the vehicle is in mountain or hold mode, if temperatures are below 40F, or if the vehicle’s hood is open. Always make sure vehicle is in a properly ventilated area! Exhaust will be emitted when engine is running. ** If you are not experienced and comfortable with 12V wiring, please seek the assistance of a professional. EVEX-1000W firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.evextend.com
1. 2. 3. 4. OR. A. N. G. E. 12 R. E. D. Y. E. LLO. W. / RE. D. 10 R. E. D. UNIVERSAL CHEVROLET. ENGINE WIRING HARNESS. P/N 620-08802. P/N 620-08804. REAR VIEW SHOWN FOR BREAKER UNIVERSAL CHEVROLET ENGINE WIRING HARNESS P/N 620-08802 P/N 620-08804 5 6 7 BLACK RED BLACK LT. BLUE PURPLE RED TO BREAKER ORANGE YELLOW/RED PURPLE LT. BLUE PURPLE ORANGE 10 15 12 16 TAN 13 14 9 3 ORANGE 17 12 RED 10 RED YELLOW / RED 2 4 10 RED FROM HARNESS 11 8 1 PURPLE TAN ORANGE RED TO BREAKER GRAY GRAY YELLOW / RED RED YELLOW / RED GRAY 10 RED FROM TERMINAL BAR 7 1 - 12 VOLT ON STARTER 2 - “S” ON STARTER 3 - 12V ON STARTER 4 - “R” ON STARTER 5 - STARTER SOLENOID 6 - STARTER SOLENOID 7 - STARTER SOLENOID TRIGGER TERMINAL 8 - NEGATIVE SIDE OF COIL 9 - POINT TERMINAL ON DISTRIBUTOR 10 - CIRCUIT BREAKER 11 - POSITIVE TERMINAL ON COIL 12 - CIRCUIT BREAKER 13 - OIL PRESSURE SENDER 14 - GROUND TO ENGINE BLOCK 15 - ALTERNATOR “EXC” TERMINAL 16 - ALTERNATOR CHARGE POST 17 - WATER TEMPERATURE SENDER
GM Fleet and Commercial Specialty Vehicles • 100 Renaissance Center, 20th Floor • Detroit, MI 48265-1000 2013 CHEVROLET MUNICIPAL VEHICLES TECHNICAL MANUAL For Information 1-800-FLEET-OP (353-3867) www.gmfleet.com 2013 CHEVROLET MUNICIPAL VEHICLES TECHNICAL MANUAL Tahoe Special Service I m pa l a U n d e r c o v e r Caprice Detective E x p r e ss V a n Ta h o e H y b r i d Suburban S i lv e r a d o S i lv e r a d o H y b r i d About This Publication • are must be taken during customer installation of equipment and wiring C to ensure that all holes drilled in the body are corrosion protected, properly sealed and that vehicle wiring harnesses, piping or other components have not been displaced or damaged. Aftermarket equipment installers must be mindful of applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. This information can be obtained directly from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. • hese vehicles are equipped with an air bag system. The air bag system T in your police vehicle includes front seat back, front knee and side curtain air bags. Customer installed equipment such as security barriers behind the front seats should not be mounted so that the barrier ends are within the side air bag deployment zones. The sensors and other components for the air bag system must not be relocated to accommodate the installation of customer furnished equipment; please refer to the service manual for sensor and other component locations. For information concerning instrument panel top pad mounted equipment and air bag system deployment zones, see the air bag information section in this catalog. • his catalog is not updated during the model year and should not be T used for ordering purposes. It is intended as a source of basic information. All illustrations and specifications in this literature are based on the latest product information available at the time of publication. General Motors reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice. For further details, consult your local dealer. • note about vehicle alterations by independent suppliers: This catalog A shows pictures of vehicles that have been altered or upfitted with equipment or components supplied to Chevrolet or its dealers by independent suppliers. Chevrolet is not responsible for the safety or quality of design features, materials or workmanship of any alterations by a supplier. 2013 Chevrolet Municipal Vehicles Technical Manual Index Law Enforcement Product Council District Sales Managers And Fleet Service Managers Caprice Police Patrol Car (Option 9c1) Caprice Detective Car (Option 9c3) Impala Police Patrol Car (Option 9c1) Impala Undercover Car (Option 9c3) Tahoe Police Patrol Suv (Option Ppv) Tahoe Special Service Suv (Option 5w4) TahoE Hybrid Municipal Suv (Option 1hy) Express Transport Van (Option 1LS & 2LS) Suburban Commercial Fleet Suv (Option 1fl) SILVERADO 1500 CREW CAB Pickup work TRUCK - 1WT SILVERADO 1500 CREW CAB Pickup Hybrid - 1HY 2013 Chevrolet Municipal Vehicles Technical Manual
MSD Chevrolet V8 Pro-Billet Distributor PN 85551, PN 85561, PN 8547 Important: Read these Instructions before attempting the installation. Contents Timing Functions Choosing an Advance Curve Setting or Locking Out the Centrifugal Advance Installing the Distributor Adjusting the Slip Collar Wiring the Distributor Parts Included: 1 - Pro-Billet Distributor 1 - Rotor, PN 8467 1 - Distributor Cap, PN 8433 1 - Gasket 2 - O-ring Seals 1 - Tube of Gear Lubricant 1 - Advance Kit Note: An MSD Pro-Billet Distributor must be used with an MSD Ignition Control. TIMING FUNCTIONS Before continuing with the installation, here are a few definitions you should be aware of: Initial Timing: This is the base timing (also referred to as idle timing) of the engine before centrifugal advance begins. Centrifugal Advance: The centrifugal advance mechanism is made up of weights, springs, advance cam, and an advance stop bushing. The amount and rate of advance that your distributor is capable of is determined by the centrifugal timing. If you ever wish to lock out the centrifugal advance, refer to the centrifugal advance section. Total Timing: This is the total of the initial timing plus the centrifugal advance added together. Example: 10° Initial + 25° centrifugal = 35° Total Timing. AUTOTRONIC CONTROLS CORPORATION • 1490 HENRY BRENNAN DR., EL PASO, TEXAS 79936 • (915) 857-5200 • FAX (915) 857-3344 2 INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS CHOOSING AN ADVANCE CURVE The function of the advance curve is to match the ignition timing to the burning rate of the fuel and speed (rpm) of the engine. Any factor that changes the burning rate of the fuel or the engine speed can cause a need for an ignition timing change. Figure 1 shows some of the factors that will affect engine timing. FACTOR Cylinder Pressure RPM Vacuum Energy of Ignition Fuel Octane Mixture (Air/Fuel) Temperature Combustion Chamber Shape Spark Plug Location Combustion Turbulence Load Advance Timing For Low High High Low High Rich Cool Open Offset Low Light Retard Timing For High Low Low High Low Lean Hot Compact Center High Heavy Figure 1 Ignition Timing Factors. As you can see from the chart, most factors will change throughout the range of the engine operation. The timing mechanism of the distributor must make timing changes based on these factors. Example: A Chevy V8 has 11:1 compression, a high energy ignition and turns 5,500 rpm. With the specifications given, you will have to retard the timing for the high compression, low rpm and high energy ignition. By comparing the engine’s specifications against the chart, a usable timing guideline can be found. Engines with a combination of items from both columns will require a timing that is set in the mid range. Obviously a full technical explanation of correct ignition timing would be very complicated. The best way to arrive at a suitable ignition curve for your engine is to use the Ignition Timing Factors Chart as a guide and compare it to the Advance Graphs in Figure 2 until a suitable curve is found. When selecting your advance curve, use detonation (engine ping) as an indicator of too much advance, and a decrease in power as an indicator of too little advance. TIPS ON SELECTING AN ADVANCE CURVE • • • • • ...
SYSTEM WIRING DIAGRAMS. 1995 Chevrolet Tahoe. 1995 System Wiring Diagrams. Chevrolet - Tahoe. AIR CONDITIONING. A/C Circuit ... SYSTEM WIRING DIAGRAMS 1995 Chevrolet Tahoe 1995 System Wiring Diagrams Chevrolet - Tahoe AIR CONDITIONING A/C Circuit Heater Circuit ANTI-LOCK BRAKES Anti-lock Brake Circuits COMPUTER DATA LINES Data Link Connector Circuit COOLING FAN Cooling Fan Circuit CRUISE CONTROL
Wall Ovens Warmer Drawers Induction Built-In Range Cooktops EW30IS65J S Featuring Wave-Touch® Controls & Induction Cooktop 30" INDUCTION BUILT-IN RANGE Yes 1 1 1 1 Yes Yes Ceramic Glass Smoothtop 10" Induction Cooking Element – 2500W / 3400W 8" Induction Cooking Element – 2400W / 3400W 7" Induction Cooking Element – 1900W / 2600W 6" Induction Cooking Element – 1500W / 1900W Hot-Surface Indicator Light Surface Controls Oven Features More Energy-Efficient Cooking with induction is 70% more efficient than gas and 20% more efficient than electric. Capacity Hidden Bake Element Eight-Pass Bake Element – 2500 Watts Eight-Pass Broil Element – 4000 Watts Convection Element – 2500 Watts Cobalt Blue Interior Self-Clean Options with Door Lock Perfect Convect3® with Variable 2-Speed Fan Cooking Modes – Bake, Broil, Convection Bake, Convection Roast, Convection Broil, Keep Warm, Slow Cook Baking Options – Perfect Turkey®, Defrost, Dehydrate, Bread Proof, My Favorites, Multi-Stage Cooking, Temperature Probe, Rapid Preheat, Delay Bake, Convection Convert Luxury-Design® Lighting with Dual 40W Halogen Bulbs Luxury-Glide® Racks Conventional Racks Convection Roasting Rack 4.2 Cu. Ft. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 3 Yes Freestanding Ranges Induction Cooktop Features Microwaves Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 7 10 Yes 2 1 Yes Vent Hoods Wave-Touch® Electronic Oven Control Perfect Set® Element Controls Keypad Entry of Time & Temperature Electronic Clock & Timer Temperature Display Automatic Oven (Delay, Cook & Off) Built-In Ranges Control Panel Features Accessories Optional Specifications Exceptional Temperature Control Adjust heat with greater accuracy than gas or electric cooktops, especially at lower settings. Perfect for melting chocolate and cooking delicate foods and sauces. Cooking Flexibility The sensors automatically detect the presence of magnetic cookware, activate the induction field and adjust it to the exact size of the pan. Color – Stainless Steel Oven Cavity Dimensions – Height Width Depth Product Dimensions – Height (Adjustable) Width Depth (to Center of Arc) (with 90° Door Open) Power Supply Connection Location Connected Load (kW Rating) @ 240 / 208 Volts Amps @ 240 / 208 Volts Minimum Circuit Required (Amps) Shipping Weight (Approx.) S Refrigerators Included Included 16-1/2" 24-1/8" 18-1/32" 35-5/8" – 36-5/8" 30" 28-5/16" 45-1/2" Left Bottom Rear 13.2 / 9.9 55 / 48 50 258 Lbs. *When properly installed, meets the appliance standards in the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines as published by the United States Access Board on June 23, 2004, as amended August 5, 2005. NOTE: Always consult local and national electric codes. Refer to Product Installation Guide for detailed installation instructions on the web at electroluxappliances.com. Specifications subject to change. electroluxappliances.com Freezers Porcelain Broiler Pan and Insert Cleaning Sponge 2" Rear Filler Kit, Side Panel Kit, Backguard Kit, Side Trim Kit – See Back for Part Numbers Under Counter Cooking with induction is more responsive than gas or electric — you can instantly adjust the heat to a delicate simmer or bring it to a quick boil. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Washers / Dryers More Responsive Luxury-Hold™ Oven Door Extra-Large Glass Window Perfect Pair Lower Oven® Adjustable Leveling Legs Sabbath Mode (Star-K® Certified) A.D.A. Compliant* Dishwashers / Kitchen Cleanup Additional Features Induction Built-In Range EW30IS65J S 30" Induction Built-In Range Specifications Countertop Preparation • Product For detailed preparation instructions, refer to installation guide on the web. • Flat square-finish (flat) countertop requires no preparation since rangetop flange lays directly on countertop edge. • Formed front-edged countertops require front molded edge to be shaved flat 3/4" from each front corner of opening. • Tile countertops may need cut back 3/4" from each front corner of opening and / or rounded edge flattened. • For existing cutout width greater than 30-1/16" reduce the 3/4" overlap dimension or for cutout width of 29", replace actual side trim panels with smaller side trim panels, available with optional Side Trim Kit (refer to detailed kit installation instructions). Weight – 238 Lbs. phase 3- or 4-wire cable, 120 / 240 or 120 / 208 Volt, 60 Hertz, fused on both sides of line with ground. (If local code permits, range may be connected by hard-wiring or by means of power supply cord kit.) • Connected Load (kW Rating) @ 240 / 208 Volts = 13.2 / 9.9 kW • Amps @ 240 / 208 Volts = 55 / 48 Amps • Recommended Circuit Breaker – 50 Amps • Always consult local and national electric codes. • Countertop MUST be level in all directions and adjustable range height at least 1/16" greater than tallest cabinet height, to ensure metal rangetop flange will fit properly on countertop edge. • When installing optional Backguard Kit, cutout depth of 21-3/4" minimum / 22-1/8" maximum needs increased to 24". • Overhead cabinetry should not exceed a 13" maximum depth. • Absolute minimum horizontal distance between overhead cabinets installed to either side of appliance must be no less than maximum width of appliance. • Allow 24" minimum clearance between rangetop and bottom of cabinet when bottom of wood or metal cabinet is protected by not less than 1/4" flame-retardant millboard covered with not less than No. 28 MGS sheet steel, 0.015" stainless steel, 0.024" aluminum or 0.020" copper. Allow 30" minimum clearance when cabinet is unprotected. • To reduce risk of fire when using overhead cabinetry, install range hood that projects horizontally a recommended minimum of 5" beyond bottom of cabinets. • When installing range into existing cutout depth greater than 22-1/8", optional 2" Rear Filler Kit available. • Single Note: For planning purposes only. Refer to Product Installation Guide on the web at electroluxappliances.com for detailed instructions.
Wall Ovens Additional Features Signature Soft-Arc Oven Door and Handle Design Glass Window Cook-2-Perfection® Technology Uses a diamond-design rear wall, plus stirring fan and turntable to heat your food evenly every time. Sure-2-Fit® Capacity Our 1.8 cu. ft. extra-large microwave will hold nearly any dish. Auto-Cook Options Cook display prompts you through Quick Meal options and Dinner Recipes. Yes Yes Ventilation System Hood Fan Exhaust Duct Exhaust Fan (400 CFM) Charcoal Filters (Recirculated Installation) Grease Filters Yes Convertible* 4-Speed 1 2 Accessories Metal Rack 36" Filler Panel Kit Stainless Steel – PN # MWFILKTSS Included Optional Specifications Color – Stainless Steel Oven Cavity Dimensions – Height Width Depth Product Dimensions – Height (Including Lower Extrusion) Width Depth (to Center of Arc - Including Rear Extrusion) Power Supply Connection Location Voltage Rating Connected Load (kW Rating) @ 120 Volts‡ Amps @ 120 Volts Frequency (MHz) Microwave – Watts @ 120 Volt input Convection – Watts @ 120 Volt input 40" Electrical Cable Shipping Weight (Approx.) S 9-15/16" 21-1/4" 14-23/32" 17-9/16" 29-7/8" 17-3/8" Right Top Rear 120V / 60Hz / 15A 1.71 14.3 2450 1050 1500 Included 85 Lbs. * entilation system is preset to recirculate air inside with no ducting. Converting to exterior V exhaust is optional. ‡ or use on adequately wired 120V, dedicated circuit having 2-wire service with a separate F ground wire. Appliance must be grounded for safe operation. NOTE: Always consult local and national electric codes. Refer to Product Installation Guide for detailed installation instructions on the web at electroluxappliances.com. Specifications subject to change. electroluxappliances.com Built-In Ranges Freestanding Ranges Microwaves Vent Hoods Dishwashers / Kitchen Cleanup Gives you oven results at microwave speed — perfect for roasting, cooking and baking everything from steaks to cupcakes. Control Panel Features IQ-Touch™ Electronic Controls Yes Front Display with Blue LED Yes Electronic Clock & Timer Yes Humidity Sensor Yes Power Levels 10 Touch Pad Controls 31 Fast Cook Options Yes ® Cook-2-Perfection Technology Yes Auto-Start Yes Auto-Defrost Options 6 Auto-Cook Options – 9 Quick Meal (4), Dinner Recipes (5) Auto-Melt / Soften Options – Ice Cream (1), Cream Cheese (1), Butter (1), Chocolate (1) 4 Auto-Reheat Options – 3 Breads (2), Pasta (1) Beverage (0.5 – 2.0 Cups) Yes Sensor-Cook Options – C ook (5), Reheat (1), Popcorn (1), Baked Potato (1), 10 Frozen Vegetables (1), Fresh Vegetables (1) Multi-Stage Cooking Options 4 Shortcut Options 6 Add 30 Seconds Yes Custom Help Options 5 Panel Lock Yes Demo Mode Yes Adjustable Sound Level For Timers / Reminders Yes More / Less Function Yes Keep Warm Setting Yes Refrigerators Fast Cook Options 1.8 Cu. Ft. 1000 Stainless Steel Yes Yes Freezers Oven Cavity Watts Oven Interior Interior Light 14-1/4" Glass Turntable Under Counter ...