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M Die Idee zu einer Bewerbung hatte bereits im Oktober 2007 KultStadtrat Atai Keller. Die offiziellen Reaktionen vom Kulturbürgermeister, einzelnen Fraktionen und Kulturschaffenden waren positiv. Hinter vorgehaltender Hand aber heißt es aus Rathauskreisen auch: „Dass das kleine Freiburg Europas Kulturhauptstadt wird, ist so wahrscheinlich wie dass der Sportclub Deutscher Fußballmeister wird.“ In diese Minimalchance viel Geld zu investieren, könnte der Kultur sogar schaden: Denn wo soll das Geld für eine erfolgreiche Bewerbung denn herkommen, wenn es nicht an anderer Stelle gespart wird. Der Ministerrat der Europäischen Union hatte 1985 auf Initiative der griechischen Kulturministerin Melina Mercouri das Projekt „Europäische Kulturhauptstadt“ mit dem Ziel beschlossen, einen Beitrag zur Annäherung der europäischen Völker zu leisten. Der begehrte Titel der Europäischen Kulturhauptstadt geht vermutlich 2020 – in jenem Jahr feiert Freiburg seinen 900. Geburtstag – oder 2021 wieder nach Deutschland. Bisher durften sich hierzulande Berlin 1988, Weimar 1999 und im kommenden Jahr Essen samt Ruhrgebiet über die Auszeichnung freuen. Im Kern einer erfolgreichen Bewerbung steht nicht etwa die Frage, was der Titel, was Europa Freiburg bringen könnten, sondern genau die gegenteilige: Was kann Freiburg Europa bringen? So fragt denn auch eines der Kriterien für eine Ernennung explizit nach dem Beitrag der Stadt zur europäischen Kunst- und Die Stadtspitze hat mittlerweile eine 32-köpfige „Konzeptgruppe Kulturhauptstadt“ gebildet, die sich am 27. Juli im Ratssaal wieder treffen wird, und in der neben von Kirchbach und einer Handvoll städtischer Amtsleiter auch Musikhochschulen-Rektor Rüdiger Nolte, Theater-Intendantin Barbara Mundel, Solararchitekt Rolf Disch, Fabrik-Vordenker Martin Wiedemann, der Theater im MarienbadVorsitzende Hubertus Fehrenbacher, Wirtschaftsförderer Bernd Dallmann und Vertreter der Universität und des Architekturforums sitzen.
Interference Between Clutch Damper and Flywheel Bolts On 2003-2006 Caterpillar 3406E C-15 & C-16 Diesel Engines The AERA Technical Committee offers the following information regarding possible interference between the clutch damper and flywheel bolts on 2003-2006 Caterpillar 3406E, C-15 and C-16 diesel engines. Engines built or serviced with the VCT plus clutch damper, introduced in April 2003, have the possibility of the clutch damper interfering with the flywheel mounting bolts. This applies to the following clutch part numbers: 108009-32Y, 108925-20, 108925-25, 108926-20Y, 108926-25Y, 109701-20, 109701-25, 109705-20Y, 109705-25Y & 109706-32Y. Correction/Action: Any repair that has required the transmission to be removed from the truck, and the engine serial number is 5EK1 and up, 6TS1 and up, 1LW1 and up, 2WS1 and up, 6NZ1-92122, 7CZ1-04382, MBN1-21447, BXS1-00984, 5DS1 and up, or 1MM1 and up, requires checking the flywheel bolt washers. You must verify the 5mm washer has been replaced with the 3mm washer, Caterpillar Part Number 8D-5054. Failure to replace the washers could result in damper rivet interference. Torque the bolts to 270 Nm +/- 40 Nm (200 ft/lb +/- 30 ft/lb). It is also suggested that paint may be applied to bolt heads to show verification and completion identification.
[b] If clutch contact face is scored or worn, the flywheel may be refaced. [c] If clutch contact face is cracked, the flywheel must be replaced. NOTE: Do not remove more than 0.508 mm (0.020 in.) material from the flywheel. Maintain all of the radii when resurfacing. 2. Inspect the ring gear. [a] Check ring gear for excessively worn or damaged gear teeth. [b] If damaged gear teeth are detected, replace the ring gear. Refer to Section 1.15.3. 3. Inspect crankshaft and flywheel contact surface. [a] Check the butt end of the crankshaft and flywheel contact surface for fretting, brinelling, or burrs. See Figure 1-212. [b] Lightly stone the contact surface to remove any fretting, brinelling, or burrs. Figure 1-212 1.14.3 Crankshaft and Flywheel Mating Surfaces Installation of Flywheel Install the flywheel as follows: 1. Install two flywheel guide studs, J 36235, into two of the tapped holes in the crankshaft at the 3 and 9 o’clock position. 2. Attach the flywheel lifting tool and, using a chain hoist, position the flywheel in the flywheel housing. Align the flywheel bolt holes with the crankshaft bolt holes. All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 2004) 6SE50 0403 Copyright © 2004 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION From Bulletin 2-50-04 1-261 1.14 FLYWHEEL NOTICE: A new scuff plate must be used whenever the flywheel is removed. Failure to replace the scuff plate may cause the flywheel bolts to loosen, even when torqued correctly. 3. Using a new scuff plate, install two bolts with International Compound #2® (or equivalent) through the plate 180 from each other. 4. Install the flywheel lock, J 36375–A. See Figure 1-195. 5. Remove the flywheel lifting tool and guide studs. 6. Apply International Compound #2® (or equivalent) to the threads and to the bolt head contact area (underside) of the remaining bolts. The bolt threads must be completely filled with International Compound #2® (or equivalent). Any excess must be wiped off. See Figure 1-213.
Additional service information is available in the Detroit Diesel Series 60 Service Manual, 6SE483. The next revision to this manual will include the revised information. As a convenience to holders of the Series 60 Service Manual, information in service manual format is attached. The page(s) may be inserted into the manual. NOTE: Manual insert pages are numbered for insertion into the current Series 60 Service Manual dated January 2004. Service manuals are available from authorized Detroit Diesel distributors. If this bulletin was obtained from the Internet, service manual page(s) are available by returning to the screen “SIB Index”, selecting attachment pages, and printing the page(s). Detroit Diesel®, DDC®, Series 60® and the spinning arrows design are registered trademarks of Detroit Diesel Corporation. © Copyright 2004 Detroit Diesel Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.
New flanged multi-point socket head bolts have been released to prevent the MBE 900 pilot bearing from walking out of the flywheel housing. The new bolts will replace two flywheel bolts, located 180 degrees from one another. KIT CONTENTS The MBE 900 Pilot Bearing Bolt Service Kit P/N: A9269900105, consists of the following parts, listed in Table 1: Part No. A9269900005 18SP666 Table 1 Qty. 2 1 Description Flanged Multi-point Socket Head Bolts Installation Instructions MBE 900 Pilot Bearing Retaining Bolt Service Kit (P/N: A9269900105) INSTALLATION PROCEDURE Use the following procedure to install the new flanged multi-point socket bolts: 1. Shut off engine and apply the parking brake, chock the wheels, disconnect vehicle battery power, and perform any other applicable safety steps. 2. Remove the transmission. 3. Remove clutch from flywheel. 4. Pull the crankshaft position sensor out of the flywheel housing about 8 mm (0.32 in.). 5. Remove the end cover from the flywheel housing and install the engine barring tool (J-46392). Tighten the bolts on the barring device to 25 N·m (18 lb·ft). Insert the locking pin to block the device and prevent it from rotating. 6. Using J-46385, the flywheel and main pulley socket tool, remove two flywheel multi-point socket head bolts from the flywheel, 180 degrees apart. See Figure 1.
The major cause of clutch failure is excessive heat. Excessive heat generated between the flywheel, driven discs, intermediate plate and pressure plate can cause the metal to flow and the material to be destroyed. If this occurs, the clutch can burst which can cause property damage, serious bodily injury or death. In order to prevent clutch failure resulting from excessive heat: 1. Do not exceed recommended vehicle loads. 2. The clutch should only be used for the recommended applications. 3. Drivers should be properly trained in starting, shifting and operation of the clutch. 4. Drivers should report erratic clutch operation as soon as possible to permit maintenance personnel to inspect, adjust or lubricate as required. 5. The removal and installation procedure described for each component may vary for your vehicle. For Solo and Heavy-Duty ECA clutches only, install shipping bolts before removing clutch assembly from the flywheel. IMPORTANT For service information and assistance, call the Roadranger Help Desk at 1-800-826-HELP (4357) (Mexico: 01-800-826HELP (4357). You may also find more information about Eaton Clutches at www.Roadranger.com. Mechanics must be familiar with proper clutch adjustment, linkage adjustment, lubrication and other maintenance troubleshooting procedures outlined in the Failure Analysis Guide. Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained in this manual. However, Eaton Corporation makes no warranty, expressed or implied, based on the information provided.
The crankshaft is precision-forged with seven main bearings and eight custom-forged counter weights, and a vibration damper at the front end. For an exploded view of the crankshaft, main bearings, and main bearing caps, see Figure 1-42. 1. Crankshaft 5. Lower Bearing Shell (center) 2. Upper Bearing Shell(s) 6. Main Bearing Cap(s) 3. Upper Bearing Shell (center) 7. Main Bearing Cap (center) 4. Lower Bearing Shell(s) 8. Main Bearing Cap Bolt Figure 1-42 Crankshaft, Main Bearings, and Main Bearing Caps All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 3/04) 6SE412 0403 Copyright © 2006 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION From Bulletin 1–MBE4000–06 1-57 1.9 CRANKSHAFT ASSEMBLY 1.9.1 Crankshaft Removal Remove the crankshaft as follows: FALLING ENGINE To avoid injury from a falling engine, an adequate lifting device with a spreader bar and sling should be used to lift the engine. The sling and spreader bar should be adjusted so the lifting hooks are vertical to prevent bending the lifter brackets. To ensure proper weight distribution, all provided lifter brackets must be used. NOTICE: A spreader bar must be used at all times in conjunction with the front and rear lifter brackets to lift the EGR engine to ensure that no engine damage will result. The brackets are designed to lift vertically. 1. Remove the engine from the vehicle.
Both Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, who founded Jamaat al-Tawhid wa-l-Jihad ( JTWJ) in 1999 (see Table 1 for the history of ISIS names), and al-Qaeda head Usama bin Laden came of age during the Afghan jihad against the Soviet Union in the 1980s, but their respective organizations have distinct genetic material, attributable in part to their different backgrounds, leadership styles, and aims. This is the case even though the two groups formed a marriage of convenience beginning in 2004. One key difference involves the socioeconomic background of the groups’ founders. Whereas bin Laden and his cadre grew up in at least the upper middle class and had a university education, Zarqawi and those closest to him came from poorer, less educated backgrounds. Zarqawi’s criminal past and extreme views on takf ir (accusing another Muslim of heresy and thereby justifying his killing) created major friction3 and distrust with bin Laden when the two first met in Afghanistan in 1999.
Bruce Hoffman P-8078 RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. Papers are issued by RAND as a service to its professional staff. They are personal products of the authors rather than the results of sponsored RAND research. They have not been formally reviewed or edited. The views and conclusions expressed in Papers are those of the authors and are not necessarily shared by other members of the RAND staff or by its research sponsors. RAND® is a registered trademark. For more information or to order RAND documents, see RAND’s URL (http://www.rand.org) or contact Distribution Services, RAND, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138, phone (310) 451-7002; Fax: (310) 4516915; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Published 2003 by RAND 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138 1200 South Hayes Street, Arlington, VA 22202-5050 201 North Craig Street, Suite 202, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-1516